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latin midterm exam studyguide

added notes
'=macron ex a'
sorry cant upload verbs, cant upload a pic and too much to write out
for any charts 1st column is singular 2nd is plural unless marked otherwise
1/2 declension-us/r, a, um
3rd declension-is, is, e
3rd 1 termination-same for al genders
masculine 1/2 chart
us is
i orum
o is
um os
o is
femenine 1/2 chart
a ae
ae arum
ae is
am as
a' is
neuter 1/2 chart
um a
i orum
o is
um a
o is
masculine/feminine 3rd chart
is es
is ium
i ibus
em es
i ibus
neuter 3rd chart
e ia
is ium
i ibus
e ia
i ibus
ablative of means
-not accompanied with a latin preposition
-thing in ablative case
-translated"by means of ________""by__""with___"
ablative of time
-not accompanied by a latin preposition
-time word in ablative case
-translated "in___" "at____" "within___"
ablative of manner
-how? less tangible
-sometimes accompanied by cum
-translated "with_______"
ablative of cause
-not accompanied by a latin preposition
-translated "becasue of _______"
ablative of accompaniment
-used with cum
-cum+living creature in ablative case
-translated "with_________"
partitive genitive/genitive of the whole
-used with indefinite word ex some, more
-dont translate "of_____"
ablative of agent
-translated "by_______"
-accompanied by preposition a/ab
ablative of comparison
-translated "than________"
-not accompanied by a latin preposition
-ex marcus is luckier than sextus
ablative of degree of difference
-used with
----paulo-a little
ex marcus est multo felicior sexto
marcus is much luckier than sextus
active verbs
charts pg... of latin book
subject is doing the action
1st personal pronoun
ego nos
mei nostri
mihi nobis
me nos
me nobis
2nd personal pronoun
tu vos
tui vestri
tibi vobis
te vos
te vobis
3rd personal pronoun
singular is ea id
" " " eius-----------
" " " ei--------------
" " " eum eam id
" " " eo ea' eo
plural ei eae ea
" " " eorum earum eorum
" " " eis--------------
" " " eos eas ea
" " " eis--------------
reflexive pronouns
all forms singular pl, m f n
possesive adjectives
s1st meus mea meum-my
s2nd tuus tua tuum-yours
s3rd suus sua suum- his hers its
pl1st noster nostra nostrum-ours
pl2nd vester vetsra vestrum-yours
pl3rd suus sua suum-theirs
this, these -SINGULAR
hic, haec , hoc
huius -----------------------------
hunc, hanc ,hac
hoc, hāc, hoc
hi, hae, haec
horum, harum, horum
hoc hac haec
that those
singular- ille illa illud
illum illam illud
illo illā illo
plural- illi illae illa
illorum illarum illorum
illos illas illa