42 terms

APUSH Midterm Review

Treaty Of Paris 1783
Treaty Between England and the Colonies , formally ended the American Revolutionary War
Thaddeus Stevens
A radical Republican who believed in harsh punishments for the South. Leader of the radical Republicans in Congress.
Quebec Act
Signed in 1774, intended to reorganize the way these British territories were governed
Credit Mobilier
a construction company that was owned by the Union Pacific Railroad, they used to fraudulently skim off raiload profits for themsleves (1864)
Gag Rule
1835 law passed by Southern congress which made it illegal to talk of abolition or anti-slavery arguments in Congress
Hartford Covention
in the United States during the War of 1812 in which New England's opposition to the war reached the point where secession from the United States was discussed.
Dawes Act
Law that attempted to assimilate Indians by giving them individual plots of land.
Johnathan Edwards
Helped start great awakening and wrote sinners in the hands of an angry god
George Whitefield
Preacher who traveled throughout the colonies: He said the key test of election (salvation) is an emotional conversion experience
Pontiac's Rebellion
a 1763 conflict between Native Americans and the British over settlement of Indian lands in the Great Lakes area
Proclomation of 1763
law created by British officials that prohibited colonists from settling in areas west of the Appalachian Mountains
Olive Branch Petition
An offer of peace sent by the Second Continental Congress to King George lll
Alexander Hamilton
Delegate to the Constitutional Convention and leader of the Federalists; first secretary of the treasury.
Excise Tax
tax on domestically produced goods such as Whiskey
Whiskey Rebellion
a protest caused by tax on liquor; it tested the will of the government, Washington's quick response showed the government's strength and mercy
Jay's Treaty
aggrement to stop british attacks on american merchant ships and settle other differences between the 2 nationA
XYZ affair
France and England start to seize American ships; starts an "unofficial war" btwn America and France; Causes the creation of 33 ships for a navy and ends long treaty with France
Sedition Act
made it a crime to write, print, utter, or publish criticism of the president of government
Naturalization Act
Act that increased the time to become a US citizen from 5 to 14 years
John Marshall
created the precedent of judicial review; ruled on many early decisions that gave the federal government more power, especially the supreme court
Battle of Tippecanoe
1811 Tecumseh and the Prophet attack, but General Harrison crushes them in this battle ends Tecumseh's attempt to unite all tribes in Mississippi.
Rush Bagot Treaty
The US and British agreed to set limits on the number of naval vessels each could have on the Great Lakes.
Samuel Slater
He memorized the way that the British made machines and he brought the idea to America. He made our first cotton spinning machine.
American System
program proposed by Henry Clay and others to foster national economic growth and interdependence among the geographical sections. It included a protective tariff, a national bank, and internal improvements.
Monroe Doctrine
an American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers
Election of 1824
"corrupt bargain" and backroom deal for JQ Adams to win over Jackson
Worcester V. Georgia
Supreme Court Decision - Cherokee Indians were entitled to federal protection from the actions of state governments which would infringe on the tribe's sovereignty - Jackson ignored it
Brook Farm
a transcendentalist commune; an attempt by Thoreau and others to leave society behind
James Polk
a Democrat expansionist who ran against Henry Clay in 1844: "54 40 or fight", Mexican-American War
General Santa Anna
He seized control of mexico and harshly ruled the American colonists in Texas
Wilmot Proviso
Bill that would ban slavery in the territories acquired after the War with Mexico
Know Nothing Party
Group of prejudice people who formed a political party during the time when the KKK grew. Anti-Catholics and anti-foreign. They were also known as the American Party.
Anaconda Plan
the Union (Northern) plan devised by General Winfield Scott to blockade the south and restrict its trade to win the war.
Trent Affair
The incident in which a Union warship stopped a British steamer and removed two Confederate diplomats
Northern Democrats who opposed the Civil War and sympathized with the South
Iron Clads
Battleships covered with thick iron plates
Tenure of Office Act
Makes it illegal for president to replace officers who have been confirmed by Congress without Congressional approval
General Lee
Head of the Confederate (South) Army
General Grant
a Union (North) general in the American Civil War
14th ammendment
Rights of CItizens- granted citizenship to all people born in the US.
13th ammendment
officially abolished slavery, prohibits involuntary servitude.
15th ammendment
Guarantee voting rights