71 terms

world war 2

joseph stalin
ruled soviet union as "model communist state"
government that has complete control of its citizens
benito mussolini
established totalitarian regime in Italy
stressed nationalism and placed its interests of the state about the citizens
adolf hitler
established nazism in Germany
German brand of fascism, based on extreme nationalism
fransisco franco
general who led spanish army officials to rebel against spanish republic
neutrality acts
out lawed arms sales or loans to nations at war/civil war
neville chamberlain
british prime minister
edouard daladier
french premier
winston churchill
political rival of chamberlain in GReat Britain
giving up principles to pacify an aggressor
nonagression pact
stalin and hitlers agreement not to attack eachother and divide poland
suprise war tactic using powerful aircraft and fast tanks
charles de gaulle
french general that fled to england where he sut up a government in exile
night of broken glass, nazis attack jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues across germany
concentration camps
labor camps
axis powers
germany, italy, japan
lend-lease act
U.S would lend or lease arms and supplies to U.S allies
atlantic charter
roosevelt and churchill settle a joint decleration of war aims
hideki tojo
chief of staff of japans kwantung army that invades china
loyalty to ones country above all else
what are dictators diven by belief?
nationalism and territorial expansion
treaty of versailles
angered germans
weimar republic
the democratic government set up in germany after ww1
rise of dictators
democratic governments failed so people turned to authoritarian leaders to solve economic and social problems
economic goals of soviet union
agricultural and industrial growth
Stalins "five year plan"
all economic activity=under state management
fascist party
established by mussolini, power must rest in 1 strong leader and small party members
"black shirts"
mussolinis followers in black uniforms march to rome and italian king made him head of government
totalitarian/nationalism/fascist state
soviet union
totalitarian/communist state
mein kampf
my struggle, book of basic nazi beliefs that became nazi part plan of action
hitlers 3 goals
unite 1 german empire, racial purification, national expansion
storm troopers (brown shirts)
unemployed men who joined hitlers private army
third reich (third german empire)
hitlers established government that would last a thousand years
military leaders
control imperial government of japan
expansionism for growing population
japan militarists launch suprise attack and sieze chinas province
german region bordering france and belgium that was demilitarized as a result of the treaty of versailles
Mussolinis first target
haile selassie
ousted ethiopian emporer
abraham lincoln batallion
smericans who fought in spain to fight against franco
totalitarian/ fascism dictated by Franco who was backed by italy and germany
kellog brand pact
treaty signed by 62 countries that declared war would not be used as an instrument of national policy
recipricol trade agreement
act that lowered trade barriers by giving the president the power to make trade agreements with other nations and reduced tarrifs by 50 percent
germany invades austria
march 12, 1938. austria does not oppose the annextion
western border regions of czech republic
munich agreement
france and britian turned sudetenland to germany without war
seized by germany march 15 1939
german air force...rolled over poland using blitzkrieg tactic
great britain and france declare war on germany after
germany seizes poland
maginot line
system of fortifications built along frances eastern border
soviet union conquers 1939
estonia, latvia, lithuania, finland
germany invades denmark and norway
"to protect their freedom and independence" but to build bases along coasts to strie britain
germans trap brit and france soldiers as they fled to dunkirk beach on french side of english channel
hitlers terms of surrender to france
germans wud occupy northern part of france and nazi government established in southern france
marshal philipe petain
head of nazi government in southern france
battle of britain
2,000 luftwaffe planes in london skies for 2 months bombing london
helped british pilots aim at german planes even in darkness
first order of racial purification
removing all nonaryans from governmental jobs
systematic murder of 11 million people across europe and jew
anti jews
hitlers belief that they caused economic problems and defeat of ww1
numenberg laws
took away jews' german citizenship,jobs and property and wear a bright star of david
st. louis ship
ship of immigrants were denied into America
jews,communists,socialists,liberals,gypsies,freemasons,jeovahs witness,disabled,terminally ill, gays, roman catholic
segregated jewish areas in polish cities sealed w barb wire and stone walls
selectie training and service act
16 million men btwn the ages of 21 and 35 were regisitered, 1 million drafter for 1 year to serve in western hemisphere
wofl pack attack
individual surface attacks by u-boats