Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (30)
What is primarily responsible for the coding of the amino acids used in the synthesis of cellular proteins?
A term that describes a nonliving factor in an ecosystem
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration that uses energy
provided by ATP or a difference in electrical charges across a cell membrane.
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and processes. ATP releases energy when one of its
high‐energy bonds is broken to release a phosphate group.
The intermolecular attraction between unlike molecules. Capillary action results from the adhesive properties of
water and the molecules that make up plant cells.
The artificial cultivation of food, fiber, and other goods by the systematic growing and harvesting of various organisms.
A variation of a gene's nucleotide sequence (an alternative form of a gene).
The measure of the relative frequency of an allele at a genetic locus in a population; expressed as a proportion or
A physical structure, present in multiple species, that is similar in function but different in form and inheritance.
A term that describes an organism associated with a water environment.
The smallest unit of an element that retains the chemical and physical properties of that element.
The changing of organic matter into other chemical forms such as fuels.
The study of energy flow (energy transformations) into and within living systems.
Which characteristic is shared by all prokaryotes
ability to store heredity information
Living organisms can be classified as prokaryotes
or eukaryotes. Which two structures are common
to both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?
plasma membrane and cytoplasm
dentify a structural difference between prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells that is directly
related to their difference in size.
prokaryotic cells do not contain a nucleus or membrane bound organelles where as eukaryotic cells do
Based on the structural difference, explain why prokaryotic cells can be much smaller than
since prokaryotic cells lack a nucleus and a membrane they are smaller
Describe one similarity between prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells that is independent
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells both have genetic information and cell membranes witch do not effect there size
Alveoli are microscopic air sacs in the lungs of
mammals. What best describes how
the structure of the alveoli allows the lungs to
they increase the surface area of the lungs, allowing efficient gas exchange
Which statement best describes an effect of the
low density of frozen water in a lake?
when water in a lake freezes, it floats, providing insulation for organisms below
What correctly describes how carbon's
ability to form four bonds makes it uniquely suited
to form macromolecules?
it forms large, complex, diverse molecules
Use the diagram below to answer the question.
HO- 1 2 3 -H + HO H 4
HO- 1 2 3 4 -H + H2O
The diagram shows a reaction that forms a polymer
from two monomers. What is this type of reaction
Carbohydrates and proteins are two types of
macromolecules. Which functional characteristic of
proteins distinguishes them from carbohydrates?
ability to catalyze biochemical reactions
non living things
what best describes the way that genes, chromosomes, and DNA are related?
Chromosomes contain several genes, which are made up of sequences of DNA.
Whenever biological organic compounds, such as proteins and carbohydrates, are broken down or synthesized...
energy is absorbed or released.
Energy conversion within an animal cell would be severely limited by removal of the cell's
removig the mitochondria
Why does an enzyme function as a catalyst in a reaction
It decreases the amount of energy needed for the reaction.
This movement of oxygen molecules from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration is known as
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Keystone Notecard Review Set: A/B
Keystone Bio Review
Biology 103 quizzes Wallace
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
chem unit 11