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CLEP: Western Civilization II - Chapter 8
Imperialism, Nationalism, and Socialism
Terms in this set (28)
A program for study in Oxford, England; named after Cecil Rhodes.
Key figure in British South Africa who wanted students in colonies to get an education in England and then go back to help with the colonization. (Rhodesia - this African country (now Zimbabwe) was also named after Rhodes.
1898. The U.S. won a lot of land: got Guam and the Philippines, and Puerto Rico, and Samoa, and Hawaii.
Divided up Africa among different countries in Europe. Made to stop war from starting.
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Thought that Germany did not get a fair amount in the Scramble for Africa, so he took more African territory and prevented Britain from building a railroad in Africa.
What year was it that Germany wanted Morocco to have independence?
In what year did Germany send a warship called the Panther to Morocco's coast to show France/Britain that they were still interested in North Africa/that they wanted to intervene?
Germany's one strong ally in 1914 was?
(1882) Germany, Austria, and Italy. Went to war with Britain, Russia, and France in 1914. Italy was not on their side for long.
(1907) Britain, Russia, and France. Went to war with Germany, Austria, and Italy in 1914.
(The Hapsburg Empire/Dual Monarchy) Big power in Europe. Ruled by Francis Joseph from 1848-1916. He did not encourage further progress.
(1812-1887) wrote: London Kabour and the London Poor. writer who described the lives of England's lower classes.
a theory or system of social organization that advocates the vesting of the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution, of capital, land, etc., in the community as a whole.
workers join together to protect eachother from exploitation. Wanted better pay, better hours, and better places to work.
Britain's Labour Party
Politicals interested in the labor unions. Sent 29 members to the Parliament in 1906; soon attracted socialists.
Advocated gradual societal evolution towards socialism; two best-known members of this society were: H.G. Wells and George Bernard Shaw
National Insurance Act
(1911) made benefits for the British workers available; and some healthcare to people.
wrote: Communist Manifesto in 1848. believed that the working class should get out from the capitalist system and move toward utopia.
the economic and political theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels that hold that human actions and institutions are economically determined and that class struggle is needed to create historical change and that capitalism will ultimately be superseded; theorized, basically, that misery would grow until the proletariat rebelled and the bourgeoisie (middle class) was put in its place.
German socialist who believed that communism could slowly work by democracy; noticed flaws in Marxism, but still supported that good points. He was called a revisionist.
First & Second International
(1864, 1889 respectively) These were organizations formed by radicals, including Marx, which were devoted to revolution.
Social Democratic Party
(SDP) Very influential German socialist political organization; German Party in late 1870's that were committed to a Marxist critique of capitalism and cooperation with other socialist parties internationally. Bismark saw them as threat to stability of Germany and outlawed the party, although candidates stood for election. Socialist strength steadily grew.
Russia's Finance Minister. He helped direct the doubling of Russia train tracks.
Social Revolutionary/Constitutional Democratic Party
Formed by reformers and revolutionaries in Russia who could only operate outside of Russia because Russia had a Tsar.
USA and Soviet Union
What were the two dominant non-western European powers at this time?
(derived from reformers such as Charles Fourier and Robert Owen; supported by men like Louis Blanc.) Believed in moral persuasion of capitalists to surrender to the means of production peacefully to the people.
a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wages - the working class
a person who invests capital in a business (especially a large business)