2016 Constitution Review, Part 1 (AoC, Constitutional Convention Basics, and Vocabulary)
Terms in this set (26)
Define "ratify" (ratification)
Define "liberty" (liberties)
Where did the Constitutional Convention take place?
What is another name for the Constitutional Convention?
The Philadelphia Convention
When was the Constitutional Convention? (what year?)
Who is known as the "Father of the Constitution"?
Define "levy" (as in to levy taxes)
To require, to collect
Define "oppose" (opposition, opponent)
To be against (something, someone)
An agreement, settlement, each side "gives in" a bit
Define "bicameral" (as in our legislative branch is bicameral)
Two formal government groups (sometimes referred to as "houses" or "chambers")
What two (2) groups make up our bicameral legislative branch?
House of Representatives and Senate
What is another name for the legislative branch?
Define "amendment" (amend, amended)
To change, modify, add onto
Business trade, buying, selling
A political system in which the supreme (highest) power lies in a body (group) of citizens who can elect people to represent them
What is considered to be the largest accomplishment of the Articles of Confederation?
The Northwest Ordinance- the process that allowed for newer US territories to become states
List at least three (3) weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
1. Weak Central/National Government
2. Congress had no power to levy (collect) taxes
3. No National Army/National Security
4. Each state had its own currency (money)
5. No Executive Branch (no President)
6. States argued about boundaries
7. Little respect/recognition from foreign countries
8. Congress had no power to enforce laws
Someone who supported the ratification (approval) of the Constitution, and wanted a strong national government
Someone who opposed (was against) the ratification (approval) of the Constitution unless a "Bill of Rights" was added. They also wanted strong state government and weak national government.
A tax on imports and/or exports
What is the purpose of the Constitution?
To clearly itemize (clearly list) the law of the land, and distribute power among the three (3) branches of government
An elected representative sent to a conference/convention
What was William Blackstone's influence on American political philosophy?
His writings on English law influenced the Constitution, Thomas Jefferson, and James Madison. His work is also still studied by American law students
What are two of the big ideas that John Locke contributed to American political philosophy?
1. People are born with "Natural Rights" (Life, Liberty and Property)
2. Government is based on a "Social Contract" between the people/citizens and the rulers/people in the government
List the three (3) government principles that Charles de Montesquieu supported.
1. Separation of Powers (ex. 3 branches of government)
2. Checks and Balances
3. Limited Government
Define "tyranny" (tyrant, tyrannical)
A ruler with absolute (total) power and cruel practices
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