Terms in this set (87)
1. Three Branches Of Government
A government in which voters hold sovereign power: elected representatives, responsible for people, excessive power
3. Republican Democracy
Citizens vote for representatives who meet to pass laws
An urban unit of government chartered by a state
Of or relating to a city or town, especially its administration
Municipal is a synonym
Accuse a public officials of misconduct in office
A system of government in which most of the important fidélisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives.
A form of autocratic government where the ideas of leaders are glorified and the government seeks to control all aspects of social and economic life
Autocracy in which a king, queen, or emperor has supreme powers of government
a system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god.
11. Checks and Balances
A system in which where each branch of government exercises control over the others
12. Separation of Powers
The division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
A system in which power is divided between the national and state government
14. Due Process
Clause- Fourteenth amendment clause stating that no state may deprive a person of life, liberty, or property without due process.
Law- principle in the fifth amendment stating that the government must follow proper constitutional procedures in trials and in other actions it takes against individuals.
15. Popular Sovereignty
16. Judicial Review
Judicial check on legislative, making sure laws are constitutional.
17. Limited Government
A limited government is a political system where the legalized force is restricted through delegated and enumerated powers. The United States Constitution, for example, was designed to limit government's role to its core functions: to preserve individual liberty and protect private property.
18. Majority Rule
Whoever gets most votes wins
19. Minority Rule/rights
Losing side still has rights
20. Civil Rights
Rights of people
favoring or enforcing strict obedience to authority, especially that of the government, at the expense of personal freedom.
Government should keep its hands off of the economy
A economic system providing free choice and individual incentive for workers, investors, consumers, and business enterprises.
An economic system in which government owns the basic means of production, distributes the products and wages, and provides services such as healthcare and welfare.
An economic system in which the central government directs all major economic decisions
26. Monetary Policy
A govern,nets control of the supply of money and credit to influence the economy
27. Fiscal Policy
A governments use of spending and taxation to influence the economy
A model on which to base later decisions or actions
29. Pocket Veto
When the president kills a bill in the last 10 days that congress is in session
A release from a legal punish
A formal order given by a higher authority
32. Lame Duck
An outgoing official serving out the remainder of a term, after retiring or being defeated for re-election
33. Judicial Activism
The philosophy that the supreme court should play an active role in shaping national policies but addressing social and political issues
34. Line Item Veto
The power to only veto certain lines or parts of a bill
Rejection of a bill
36. Interest group
A group of people with common goals who organise to influence government
37. Grandfather Clause
An exemption in a law for a certain based on certain conditions
38. Expressed Powers
Powers directly stated in the constitution
Two house legislative body
Single house legislature
A private meeting of party leaders to choose candidates for office.
42. Concurrent juridiction
Authority shared by both federal and state courts
One who believes government should be limited, except in supporting traditional values and promoting freedom and opportunity.
One who believes the national government should be active on promoting health, education, justice, and equal opportunity.
45. Delegated powers
Powers that the constitution grants to the national government
46. Double jeopardy
Trying a person for the same crime twice
47. Ex post facto law
A law that retroactively makes criminal an act that was not criminal at the time it was done. Forbidden in the us constitution
48. Electoral vote
The official vote for president and vice president by electors in each state
49. Market Economy
An economy which allows buyers and sellers acting in their individual interests to control factors of production
50. Primary Resources
The actual document. an artifact, a document, diary, manuscript, autobiography, a recording, or other source of information that was created at the time under study.
51. Secondary Resource
Something written about the primary resource, like a textbook
A system of government in which a small group holds power
53. Jurisdiction- original/appellate
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed to appellate jurisdiction, when a higher court has the power to review a lower court's decision
A method of defeating a bill in which the senator talks until the majority either abandons the bill or agrees to modify it.
56. Reserved Powers
Powers that belong strictly to the state.
The right to vote
A dictatorship is a government or a social situation where one person makes all the rules and decisions without input from anyone else. Dictatorship implies absolute power — one person who takes control
59. Writ of Habeas Corpus
A writ of habeas corpus (which literally means to "produce the body") is a court order to a person or agency holding someone in custody (such as a warden) to deliver the imprisoned individual to the court issuing the order and to show a valid reason for that person's detention.
One of the seven main divisions of the body of the constitution
61. Supremacy Clause
Clause stating that the constitution is the supreme law of land
62. Direct democracy
A form of democracy in which people govern themselves
63. General assembly
Head of state executive branch
A lobbyist is someone hired by a business or a cause to persuade legislators to support that business or cause. Lobbyists get paid to win favor from politicians
66. District Court
a state of federal trial court.
67. Political Action Committee
an organization that raises money privately to influence elections or legislation, especially at the federal level.
68. Unalienable Rights
unalienable. What's unalienable cannot be taken away or denied. Its most famous use is in the Declaration of Independence, which says people have unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
69. Great Compromise
Agreement made in 1787, bicameral legislature, have one house have same number of representatives for each state, and have one house be represented by population
70. Federalist papers
Papers written by alexander hamilton, john jay, and james Madison, HAMILTON WROTE THE OTHER 5111111111 buh buh buh. Written to persuade the voters of NYC to adopt the Constitution
72. Party Platform
A party platform refers to a political party's formal statement of its basic principles, objectives, and positions on major issues. It is a list of the actions which a political party supports in order to appeal to the general public for the purpose of attracting vote.
73. Federalist Papers
Papers written by alexander hamilton, john jay, and james Madison, Written to persuade the voters of NYC to adopt the Constitution
74. Bill of rights
First ten amendments to the US constitution, ratified in 1791, and guaranteeing rights.
75. Marbury vs Madison
In Marbury v. Madison (1803) the Supreme Court announced for the first time the principle that a court may declare an act of Congress void if it is inconsistent with the Constitution. Established judicial review
76. Miranda Vs Arizona
In Miranda v. Arizona (1966), the Supreme Court ruled that detained criminal suspects, prior to police questioning, must be informed of their constitutional right to an attorney and against self-incrimination.
77. Plessy Vs Ferguson
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) Definition: The Supreme Court case, since overturned by Brown v. Board of Education (1954), which upheld the constitutionality of "separate, but equal facilities" based on race.
78. Brown VS Board of Education
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.
79. Magna Carta
the "great charter" of English liberties, forced from King John by the English barons and sealed at Runnymede, June 15, 1215. 2. any fundamental constitution or law guaranteeing rights and liberties.
A period where in 18th Europe emphasizing art and religion and theater and all that fun
81. Social contract theory
the voluntary agreement among individuals by which, according to any of various theories, as of Hobbes, Locke, or Rousseau, organized society is brought into being and invested with the right to secure mutual protection and welfare or to regulate the relations among its members.
82. Mayflower Compact
An agreement reached by the Pilgrims on the ship the Mayflower in 1620, just before they landed at Plymouth Rock. The Mayflower Compact bound them to live in a civil society according to their own laws.
83. Declaration of Independence
The Declaration of Independence is defined as the formal statement written by Thomas Jefferson declaring the freedom of the thirteen American colonies from Great Britain. An example of the Declaration of Independence was the document adopted at the Second Continental Congress on July 4th, 1776.
84. Articles of Confederation
The original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789. Didn't work too well
85. Elastic Clause
Clause that gives congress rights to make all laws necessary and proper
86. Amendment Process
The Constitution provides that an amendment may be proposed either by the Congress with a two-thirds majority vote in both the House of Representatives and the Senate or by a constitutional convention called for by two-thirds of the State legislatures.
87. Baker vs carr
was a landmark United States Supreme Court case that decided that redistricting (attempts to change the way voting districts are delineated) issues present justiciable questions, thus enabling federal courts to intervene in and to decide redistricting cases.