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27 terms

UA & Micro

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anuria
absence of urine production; complete failure of kidney function
nocturia
excessive urination at night
oliguria
decreased urine production
polyuria
excessive production of urine
hematuria
the presence of RBC's in urine
ketones
a group of chemical substances produced during increased metabolism of fat.
ketonuria
presence of ketones in the urine
melanin
a dark substance of skin, hair and certain tumors
myoglobin
a pigmented protein found in muscle tissue
opalescant
having a milky irridescence
refractometer
an instrument measuring light refraction as it passes through a liquid-specific gravity.
specific gravity
the ratio of the weight of a given volume of solution to the weight of the same volume of distilled water. A measure of density,
turbid
having a cloudy appearance
urinometer
a float with a calibrated stem for measuring specific gravity
urochrome
the yellow pigment that gives color to urine
bilirubin
derived from hemoglobin in RBC's that have completed their life span and are normally ingested by the liver, spleen and bone marrow. Formed in the liver.
urobilinogen
a derivative of bilirubin formed by the action of intestinal bacteria
albuminuria
the prescence of the serum protein albumin in the urine
bacteriuria
prescence of bacteria in the urine
calciuria
prescence of calcium in the urine
creatinuria
an increase concentration of creatine in the urine
glycosuria
prescence of glucose in the urine
proteinuria
an excess of serum protein in the urine
pyuria
the prescence of pus in the urine
urinalysis
the physical chemical and microscopic examination of urine and its components
dysuria
painful or diffucult urination
urinary frequency
voiding more than 10 times in 24 hours