20 terms

Vocab

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affable (adj.)
courteous and pleasant, easy to speak to synonyms: genial, amicable
antonyms: cantankerous, dour
The dinner party gave us a chance to get to know our affable neighbors better.
sleazy (adj.)
Def: thin or flimsy in texture; cheap; inferior in quality
Synonyms: trashy, cheap
Antonyms: superior, first-rate
Example: The sleazy bookcase I bought from Ikea fell apart after I placed all of
my books on its shelves.
aggrandize (v.)
to increase in greatness, power, or wealth; to make appear greater
synonyms: augment, amplify
antonyms: reduce, decrease
Many CEOs have gotten where they are because they were able to use their skills
and intelligence to aggrandize their standing.
sedulous (adj.)
Def: persistent, showing industry and determination
Synonyms: industrious, assiduous
Antonyms: lazy, indolent
Example: The sedulous worker moved up the ranks of the company quickly.
amorphous (adj.)
shapeless, without definite form; of no particular type or character
synonyms: formless, unstructured
antonyms: definite, well-defined
The spilled water created an amorphous puddle on the floor of the kitchen.
scurrilous (adj.)
Def: coarsely abusive, vulgar; foul-mouthed
Synonyms: obscene, filthy
Antonyms: tasteful, dignified
Example: The scurrilous man offended many people over time; his filthy
vocabulary caused many to avoid him.
archetype (n.)
an original model on which something was patterned or replicated
synonyms: model, prototype
antonyms: irregularity, replica
Sherlock Holmes was an archetype of a clever detective who always solves the
case
reverberate (v.)
Def: to re-echo; reflect or be reflected repeatedly
Synonyms: rumble, echo
Antonyms: quiet, still
Example: When the construction trucks drove by, the noise of the vehicles
reverberated all the way down the street.
aura (n.)
that which surrounds (as an atmosphere); a distinctive air or personal quality
synonyms: ambience, mood
antonyms: n/a
The restaurant had a romantic aura with its dim lighting and soft music playing.
repudiate (v.)
Def: to disown, reject, or deny the validity of
Synonyms: disavow, abandon
Antonyms: affirm, accept
Example: She was forced to repudiate a statement that she made before she got
to know the new girl.
erudite (adj.)
Def: scholarly, learned, bookish
Synonyms: very educated, well-read
Antonyms: ignorant, uneducated
Example: The erudite Harvard student read lots of books, joined scholarly clubs,
and began researching Einstein's theories.
gossamer (adj.)
Def: thin, light, delicate, insubstantial
Synonyms: filmy, feathery
Antonyms: dense, solid
Ghosts are often depicted in movies and literature as wearing gossamer clothing
that makes them seem mystical and unreal.
querulous (adj.)
Def: peevish, complaining
Synonyms: carping, dissatisfied
Antonyms: cheerful, easy-going
Example: The querulous customer was the salesperson's worst nightmare.
remonstrate (v.)
Def: to argue with someone against something, protest against
Synonyms: expostulate, challenge
Antonyms: accept, agree
Example: The student made a huge mistake when he remonstrated his teacher
about the homework assignment that she gave.
inscrutable (adj.)
Def: incapable of being understood; impossible to see through physically
Synonyms: incomprehensible, impenetrable
Antonyms: comprehensible, intelligible
Her inscrutable smile made it hard for me to tell if she was actually happy, or
trying to hide her sadness.
resilient (adj.)
Def: able to return to an original shape or form; able to recover quickly
Synonyms: elastic, tough
Antonyms: rigid, inflexible
Example: After the surgery, the girl's body showed it was extremely resilient
when she recovered so quickly.
insular (adj.)
Def: relating to, characteristic of, or situated on an island; narrow or isolated in
outlook
Synonyms: narrow-minded, provincial
Antonyms: cosmopolitan, liberal
Example: His insular opinions showed that he had not taken into consideration
any other viewpoint on the issue.
propensity (n.)
Def: a natural inclination
Synonyms: proclivity, tendency
Antonyms: incapacity, disinclination
Example: The young girl showed a propensity for math and science, which
pushed her parents to enroll her in extra classes.
irrevocable (adj.)
Def: incapable of being changed or called back
Synonyms: unalterable, permanent
Antonyms: reversible, alterable
Example: Many think of court verdicts as irrevocable, but they are often unturned
by higher courts.
Contraband (n., adj.)
Def: (n.) - illegal traffic, smuggled goods (adj.) - illegal, prohibited
Synonyms: bootleg, unlawful
Antonyms: legal, lawful
Example: The criminals smuggled the contraband purses into New York to be
sold on the streets.
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