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31 terms

Chapter 14

STUDY
PLAY
Attitude
A relatively enduring evaluation of people, events, or objects is termed an ___.
Regulating our behavior to meet the demands of situations
Self-monitering
cognitive dissonance
Aronson and Mills conducted a classic study of ___ during a group initiation process.
increased liking for the group.
Aronson and Mills found that an initiation:
cognitive dissonance.
Social psychologist Leon Festinger is associated with the study of:
Cognitive Dissonance
Which social psychological concept is potentially most relevant to a plausible explanation of the foot-in-the-door effect?
altruism.
Behavior that helps others but that involves some self-sacrifice is termed:
operant conditioning.
When we continue to help others because our guilt is relieved when we do so, our helping behavior is maintained though:
75; 20
Smith et al. found that about ___% of television programs feature some form of altruism; on average, an altruistic act is shown once every ___ minutes.
Reciprocity; Social responsibility
The "Golden Rule" of "doing unto others" reflects the ___ norm. The "Christian duty" of helping others with no expectation of return reflects the ___.
Assuming responsibility to help
During which stage of Latane and Darley's model of helping might diffusion of responsibility prevent an emergency victim from receiving aid?
Opposite
Activation of the amygdala and activation of the prefrontal cortex have___ effects on aggression.
Showing less aggressive tendencies after watching a violent TV show
Which of the following is an example of catharsis?
catharsis; Freud
Mr. and Mrs. Mayers encourage their growing sons to join local rugby and lacrosse leagues; they believe such sports help the boys "blow off stream." The notion that engaging in less harmful aggressive actions will curtail more serious aggression is termed ___; it is associated with the psychologist ___.
has generally failed to find support in empirical research.
With respect to its scientific evaluation, the notion of catharsis:
4
According to the text, the average American watches about ___ hours of television each day.
observational; Bandura
Your text states that children who witness violence are more likely to be aggressive. This statement suggests the contribution to aggression of ___ learning, associated with ___.
normative
Sometimes, we change our attitude or behaviors to match those of other people because we want to be liked. This is called ___ conformity.
Asch.
Classic experimental studies of conformity were conducted in the 1950s by:
visual ability.
In Asch's classic conformity studies, participants thought they were taking part in a study of:
76%
In Asch's study on conformity, what percentage of the subjects conformed at least once when they knew their answer to be false?
37
In Asch's study on conformity, ___% of the responses overall were conforming.
65
Approximately ___% of the participants in Milgram's experiment were willing to deliver the maximum shock level to the participant.
In the Asch study there was a correct answer whereas in the Sherif study the answer was ambiguous.
What was the main difference between the Asch line-matching studies and the Sherif auto kinetic effect study?
A strong emotional reaction that leads people resist pressures to conform
Psychological Reactance
A change in behavior or attitudes reflecting the desire to be liked.
Normative Conformity
social facilitation; social inhibition
The tendency to perform tasks better in the presence of others is called ___. In contrast, the tendency to perform tasks more poorly in others' presence is termed ___.
Zajonc
Which psychologist is associated with the study of social facilitation and social inhibition?
Shannon had learned her presentation better than Tracy had learned hers.
Shannon's class presentation is better-performed than the same speech she practiced alone at home the previous evening. Tracy's class presentation, though, is worse than the same speech she practiced alone. What might you conclude on the basis of this information?
The availability heuristic
The text suggests that the illusion of group productivity may reflect the fact that members can easily bring to mind the ideas proposed by gropu members, as well as the overall productivity of the group. Recall the cognitive biases descried earlier in the text. Which of the following biases seems most directly relevant to explaining the illusion of group productivity?
4 or 5
According to the text, the most effective working groups contain ___ members.