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135 terms

Medical terminology chapter 8 test

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Which is a congenital deformity of one or both of the feet in which the foot is turned both medially and downward
Talipes equinovarus
Which is a fracture in which the bone is crushed into many small pieces
Comminuted
The patient had arthroscopic surgery of the knee joint to repair a torn:
meniscus
Gold compound drugs inhibit the immune system. They are used to treat:
Rheumatoid arthritis
AKA and BKA are abbreviations for which type of sugery?
amputation
If a patient had a fracture of the zygomatic arch, it would involve:
one of the facial bones
Which fracture would be found in children, because a child's bones are still flexible?
greenstick
Which condition would most probably require an ORIF?
a) hairline fracture
b) nondisplaced fracture
c) compound fracture
d) simple fracture
compound fracture
The patient had an arthroplasty of his hip. Which is an abbreviation for this surgery?
THR
The socket in the hip bone where the femur forms a joint is known as the:
acetabulum
The common name for kyphosis is:
humpback
The results of the bone densitometry test show that Alaina Smith has abnormal thinning of bone due to postmenopausal:
osteoporosis
Swayback, or an anterior curvature of the lumbar spine, is known as:
lordosis
The patient with gout will show an elevated level of _____ in his blood.
uric acid
Crepitus is:
a grinding noise heard as bone ends rub together
Bone cells that eat away old or damaged bone, releasing calcium into the blood, are called:
osteoclasts
Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammation with fusing together of the:
vertebrae
Which is a treatment for severe scoliosis of the spine?
spinal fusion
Which is a degenerative condition of the spine in which one vertebra slips out of alignment over another vertebra?
spondylolisthesis
The patient was diagnosed with avascular necrosis of the _____ epiphysis
fermoral
The part of the skull that forms the lower back of the head is the _____ bone
occipital
Osteotome and rongeur are:
orthopedic surgical instruments
DJD is also known as:
osteoarthritis
All of the following are facial bones except:
a) sphenoid
b) lacrimal
c) zygomatic
d) manibulat
A-sphenoid
Ribs 8-10 are referred to as:
false ribs
Which section of the vertibrae is located in the lower back?
lumbar
Which is the medical word for collarbone?
clavicle
Which is the medical word for the bone on the thumb side of the forearm?
radius
Which is the name for each bony prominence on the medical and lateral aspects of the lower leg?
malleolus
The eight small bones of the wrist joint are known as the:
carpal bones
Which is the medical word for the tail bone?
coccyx
Which is the medical word for the thigh bone?
femur
Sugically created portal is a phrase associated with:
arthroscopy
Infection in the bone and bone marrow is known as:
osteomyelitis
Which is the medical word for humpback?
kyphosis
The orthopedic surgery that uses an external fixator device is:
leg lengthening
Which is a surgical procedure performed to fuse the bones in a degenerated, unstable joint?
arthrodesis
Which drugs inhibit bone from being broken down?
bone resorption inhibitor drugs
The abbreviation DIP means:
distal interphalangeal joint
Pain in the joints is known as:
arthralgia
An open fracture is also known as a ____ fracture?
compound
All of the following are true about NSAIDs except:
a) they can treat pain
b) they can treat osteoarthritis & orthopedic injuries
c) they are corticosteriods
d) they can treat inflammation
C- they are coticosteroids
Which is the verticle bone of the anterior thorax to which the clavicle and the ribs are attached?
sternum
The hinge-type and balll-and-socket joints are examples of _____joints.
synovial
Which is the largest of the ankle bones?
calcaneus
Which is the central bony skeleton around which other parts move?
axial
Which of the following is not part of the cranium?
a) frontal bone
b) pariental bone
c) sagittal suture
d) sacrum
D--sacrum
Which of the following bones of the chest is also known as the breast bone?
sternum
How many pairs of ribs are there?
12
A person who falls down onto an outstrestched hand might substain a/an _______
Colles'
Which is an example of a hinge-type joint?
elbow
Osscous tissue pertains to:
bone
The shaft of a long bone is called the:
diaphysis
During childhood, cartilaginous tissue is gradually replaced by bony tissue in a process known as:
ossification
The humerus is the:
bone in the upper arm
The meniscus is a
crescent-shaped cartilage pad
The ulna is the:
forearm bone located along the little finger side of the lower arm
Facial bones that form the lateral edges of the eye sockets and the cheek bones ae called the:
zygomatic bones
Which is a benign tumor of the cartilage?
chondroma
A transverse fracture is:
perpendicular to the long axis of the bone
Bone growth takes place at the:
epiphysial plates
Which combining form means cartilage?
chondr/o
The combing form spondyl/o has the same medical meaning as which combining form?
vertebr/o
The pubic _____ is a type of joint that has a cartilage pad and is nearly immovable.
symphysis
Pain in a joint from any cause is known as:
arthralgia
The hip joints is replaced in a surgery called an ____, and the artificial hip replacement is known as a ______.
arthoplasty; prosthesis
A torn ligament is known as:
a sprain
Which of these bones is not part of the ossicular chain?
a) malleus
b) incus
c) ziphoid process
d) staped
C--ziphoid process
The bones that form a synovial joint are held together by:
ligaments
Which is the combining form for the tail bone?
coccyg/o
Osteoarthritis is also known as:
degenerative joint disease
Which of the following bones is not in the thorax?
a) manubrium
b) rib
c) ulna
d) xiphoid process
C--ulna
Crepitus is a sound you would hear in a joint that had:
degenerative joint disease
Which condition is treated with a drug that contains real gold?
rheumatoid arthritis
Which of the following is not made of bone?
a) fossa
b) foramen
c) process
d) vomer
B-- foramen
The anatomical name for the shin bone is the
tibia
Which of these is the combining form for rib?
cost/o
What disease can be described as a softening of the cartilage of the kneecap?
chondromalacia patellae
The abbreviation that describes a joint in the finger is:
DIP
Mr. Rodriguez had osteoarthritis so badly that his hip joint had to be replaced. Which two abbreviations correspond to his disease and his surgery?
DJD, THR
All of the following statements about osteoarthritis are true except:
a) it affects the large weightbearing joints
b) it is worse if the patient is underweight
c) it causes pain & stiffness in the joints
d) it usually begins in middle age
B-- it is worse if the patient is underweight
In hemarthrosis, the combining form hem/o means:
blood
The suffix -ics in the word orthopedics means
knowledge or practice
In an operative report for a patient with chondromalacia patellae, which anatomical structure in sure to be mentioned?
kneecap
In an operative report for a patient with pectus excavatum, what anatomical structure is sure to be mentioned?
sternum
The nucleus pulposis is located:
inside an interverterbral disk
All of these ae anatomical stuctures of a vertebra except:
a) spinous process
b) transverse process
c) olecranon process
d) foramen
C--olecranon process
The spongy bone at the ends of a long bone is known as:
cancellous bone
A pediatric growth chart tracks:
a) height
b) percentiles
c) weight
d) all the above
all the above
Fractures that are allowed to heal without treatment might show:
malalignment
The physician would order a blood test to check the uric acid level if a patient was suspected of having:
gout
Intra-articular means pertaining to:
within the joint
A bone spur might be treated with:
extracorporeal shock wave therapy
Which surgical procedure might be performed to correct a deformity associated with hallux valgus?
bunionectomy
The opening between cranial sutures in an infant is known as a/an:
fontanel
Which cranial bone contains a bony cup that holds the pituitary gland?
sphenoid
The U-shaped bone in the neck that does not connect to any other bones is known as the:
hyoid
A pathologic fraction can be caused by:
a) osteoporosis
b) a bone tumor
c) metastases to the bone
d) all the above
all the above
School children routinely have a screening test done to detect:
scoliosis
The primary way to diagnose fractures and dislocations is with:
an x-ray
The combining forms osse/o and oste/o mean:
bone
The combining forms spondyl/o and vertebr/o mean:
vertebra
Which of the following is not one of the meanings of the combining form myel/o?
a) bone marrow
b) bony process
c) myelin
d) spinal cord
B-- bony process
The combining fom scoli/o means:
curved; crooked
The combining form rheumat/o means:
watery discharge
The combining form skelet/o means:
skeleton
The combining form tars/o means
ankle
The combining form articul/o means:
joint
The combining form epiphys/o means
growth area at the end of a long bone
The combining form sarc/o means
sacrum
The combining form fract/o means
break up
The combining fom malac/o means
softening
The conbining form ankyl/o means
fused together; stiff
The cervical vertebrae are in the
neck
An osteophyte is another name for _____
a bone spur
Which word parts do you need to build a medical word that means instrament used to examine a joint?
-scope, arthr/o
An ORIF would use all of the following to fix a fracture, except:
a) orthosis
b) screws
c) nails
d) plates
A-- orthosis
All of the following are examples of an orthosis except:
a) a brace
b) a splint
c) a rongeur
d) a collar
C-- a rongeur
All of the following are types of fractures except:
a) Colles'
b) nondisplaced
c) oblique
d) Ewing's
D--Ewing's
Which word parts do you need to build a medical word that means condition of cartilage softening?
-ia, chondr/o, malac/o
Which of the following is a nuclear medicine procedure to detect hot spots that indicate canerous tumors in the bone?
scintigraphy
The lower jaw is known as the:
mandible
The combining form chondr/o means
cartilage
The head of the humerus fits into the ____ to form the shoulder joint.
glenoid fossa
The adjective peroneal refers to the
fibula
The breast bone is also known as the
sternum
The combining form cost/o means
rib
The bony opening for the ear canal is located in the ____bone
temporal
A/An _____ is a malignant tumor of the bone
osteosarcoma
An excessive posterior curvature of the thoracic spine is known as
kyphosis
_____ is a chronic inflammation disease of the joints due to age and wear and tear.
osteoarthritis
All of the following statements are true about hemarthrosis except:
a) it is a condition of blood in the joint
b) it is caused by trauma or a penetrating wound
c) it is treated with extracorporeal shockwave
d) it occurs spontaneously in hemophiliac patients
C-- it is treated with extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy
A blood test for uric acid is used to diagnose ____
gout
The great toe is called
hallux
All the following are used during orthopedic surgery except:
a) goniometer
b) rongeur
c) chisel
d) osteotome
A--goniometer