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push factors

the things that cause a person to immigrate and move away from their country of origin such as wars, famine, religious persecution, and overpopulation

pull factors

things that bring people to a country such as jobs, opportunities (land), freedom, and family (if they were previously successful)

Ellis Island

An immigration station set up by Congress in 1890 in New York where 6 million people had passed through by 1910

Angel Island

An immigration station in San Francisco for Chinese immigrants that provided much more limiting/ different treatment than other immigration stations


An action that occured on the majority of immigrants that was often humiliating and dehumanizing, sent back people with diseases, and asked background questions to weed out radicals and those who couldn't support themselves


native-born Americans who feared and resented new immigrants and disproved of people who where not native born


The picking up of new languages and new customs when immigrants came to America - ethnic neighborhoods hindered upon this action

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