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Those with the greatest health care needs (several comorbidities and illnesses) have the _______ ability to comprehend health information.
ability to (3)
read, understand, communicate
Centers for Disease Control: Defines _____ ______as the degree to which an individual has the capacity to obtain, communicate, process, and understand basic health information and services to make appropriate health decisions.
Anyone who _____ health information and services also needs health literacy skills to
-Find information and services
-Communicate their needs and preferences and respond to information and services
-Process the meaning and usefulness of the information and services
-Understand the choices, consequences and context of the information and services
-Decide which information and services match their needs and preferences so they can act
Anyone who _______ health information and services to others, such as a doctor, nurse, dentist, pharmacist, or public health worker, also needs health literacy skills to
-Help people find information and services
-Communicate about health and healthcare
-Process what people are explicitly and implicitly asking for
-Understand how to provide useful information and services
-Decide which information and services work best for different situations and people so they can act
It is central to
-Multiple health system priorities
-Quality and Health Outcomes
-Patient's involvement in health care decisions
Patients with low literacy are not able to function as "_______" consumers.
_________advances and progress in health care will exacerbate disparities; those disparities will be greater among the sicker, the older and other vulnerable populations.
National Action Plan to Improve Health Literacy
Everyone has the right to health information that helps them make informed decisions
Health services should be delivered in ways that are understandable and beneficial to health, longevity and quality of life.
health people 2020`
Definition: Health Literacy has been defined as the cognitive and social skills which determine the motivation and ability of individuals to gain access to, understand and use information in ways which promote and maintain good health.
world health organization (WHO)
-Influences individual lifestyle behaviors and decisions
-Raises awareness of the determinants of health
-Recognizes the issue of power and promotes empowerment
Communities in project sites in eight countries in Meso-America were encouraged to keep their environment mosquito-free in order to prevent and control the spread of malaria without the use of DDT. Individuals and families kept their homes, patios and surroundings free of collected water, covered water storage containers, and managed their drainage systems.
They also jointly organized community cleanings of their neighborhood, including streets, forested areas, swamps and riverside areas. These efforts helped reduce the vector density and therefore malaria cases. In a three year period, the demonstration sites saw a reduction of 63% in malaria cases and 86.2% in cases caused by plasmodium falciparum, the parasite that causes the greatest morbidity and mortality on account of malaria in the world.
Definition: The capacity to obtain, interpret and understand basic health information and services and the competence to use such information and services to enhance health.
institute of medicine (IOM)
-Emphasize the need for clear communication
-Stress the importance of involving consumers in the development of the health communications process
-Relate the need to create culturally and linguistically appropriate health information.
Increases use of health care services and cost
Decreases self-esteem and increases shame and stigma
Adversely affects diabetes, medication and blood pressure control
Less likely to present to their physicians for follow up (Abnormal pap smears).
low health literacy
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