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30 terms

Computing Fundamentals

This set is a study guide for the computing fundamentals test of the IC3 certification.
STUDY
PLAY
Input
The data that is entered into a computer.
Processing
The manipulation of data by a microprocessor or embedded processor according to instructions given to it by a program or embedded in the chip itself.
Storage
In computing, any device in which (or on which) information is stored.
Output
The computer generated information that the computer has calculated.
Hardware
The physical parts of the computer system that you can touch and feel such as the keyboard, monitor, and computer case.
Software
Any application on a computer like a game or microsoft office.
Microprocessor
The most important part of the computer that PROCESSES data.
Binary Code
Numbering system of 1s and 0s that a computer uses to make decisions.
RAM
The TEMPORARY memory of a computer that is deleted when shut down.
ROM
Stored permanent systems instructions, which are never changed; it holds its contents even when the power is turned off.
Hard Drive
The main device that a computer uses to store information.
Optical Drive
Used to store media data. Common formats include, CD RW, DVD, HD-DVD and Blu-ray.
Media
The physical material (whether it be paper, hard disk, CD-ROM, DVD, or anything similar) used for storing computer-based information.
Download
To transmit files from one computer INTO your computer.
Upload
To transmit files OUT of your computer to another computer or storage device.
Keyboard
Primary tool for inputting data; include alphabetic keys, numeric keys, direction keys, and special function keys.
Device driver
A program that allows your computer to use different devices like a printer or a wireless mouse.
Bus
Internal device that connects hardware to the motherboard.
Desktop
The screen background for Windows where windows, icons, and dialog boxes appear.
Flash drive
Portable storage device that usually appears as a long stick with a USB connector; also known as a memory key, flash card, or thumb drive.
MP3
A portable music or media device that stores music files.
Multitasking
The ability of the computer to perform more than one task at a time.
Operating system
A software that manages computer hardware resources and provides common services for computer programs.
PDF
Portable Document Format; a print output commonly used to share documents with others, generally to view, save, or print.
Quick Launch Toolbar
A toolbar at the immediate right of the Start Button that displays a list of commonly used programs.
Recycle Bin
A temporary storage area for deleted files.
Taskbar
The area at the bottom of the screen that runs horizontally and contains the Start menu and other frequently used programs, folders or files.
Start Button
Displays the Start menu. The single most commonly used feature in Windows.
Alt Tab
key sequence that allows a user to switch between open windows.
Ctrl Alt Del
To display the Task Manager or reboot