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30 terms

Exploring Creation with Biology Module 6 (2nd Edition)

I created this set to help my daughter study for her Module 6 exam.
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What are the 11 main functions a cell must perform in order to support and maintain life?
absorption, digestion, respiration, biosynthesis, excretion, egestion, secretion, movement, irritability, homeostasis, and reproduction
When a cell is placed in an isotonic solution, what happens to the water?
The water diffuses back and forth across the membrane
When a cell is placed in a hypertonic solution, what happens to the water?
The water leaves the cell and enters the surroundings
When a cell is places in a hypotonic solution, water enters the cell from the surroundings, which can result in....
cytolysis
Aerobic cellular respiration occurs in four steps...name the second step....
The formation of acetyl coenzyme A
Aerobic cellular respiration occurs in four steps....name the fourth step....
the electron transport system
Aerobic cellular respiration occurs in four steps...name the first step....
Glycolysis
Aerobic cellular respiration occurs in four steps....name the third step....................
the Krebs cycle
If an animal cell performs respiration in aerobic conditions, how many ATP's can it make for each glucose molecule?
36
Under anaerobic conditions, an animal cell can make _____ATP's for each glucose molecule.
2
Found in animal cells, it is responsible for hydrolysis reactions that break down proteins, polysaccharides, disaccharides, and some lipids.
Lysosome
the organelle in which nutrients are converted to energy.
Mitochondrion
Extensive network of folded membranes dotted with ribosomes that produces specialized proteins secreted by certain cells.
Rough ER
Organelles that contain pigments used in photosynthesis
Chromoplast
Extensive network of folded membranes in which substances like lipids and hormones are made.
Smooth ER
The control center of the cell, holding the cell's main DNA
Nucleus
Membrane-bounded "sac" that controls the amount of water in a cell
Contractile vacuole
A jelly-like substance in the cell in which organelles are suspended
Cytoplasm
A large vacuole at the center of plant cells that is responsible for making turgor pressure
Central vacuole
Membrane-bounded 'sac' that stores food
Food Vacuole
A network of fibers that holds the cell together, helps the cell to keep its shape, and aids in movement
Cytoskeleton
Made of phospholipids, cholesterol, proteins and other chemicals, it regulates what can come into and what can leave the cell.
Plasma membrane
Found in all cells (even prokaryotic cells), it is the organelle that synthesizes proteins
Ribosome
Organelles where proteins and lipids are stored and then modified to suit the needs of the cell
Golgi bodies
Small, membrane-bounded "sac" that holds secretion products so that they can be transported to the plasma membrane and released
Secretion vesicle
Membrane-bounded "sac" that holds the waste products of digestion
Waste Vacuole
Organelle that stores starches or oils
Leucoplast
Usually found in plant and bacteria cells, it is a rigid structure on the outside of the cell that provides protection and support to the cell
Cell Wall
Small, membrane-bounded "sac" formed at the plasma membrane to allow the absorption of large molecules
Pinocytic vesicle
Organelles that produce microtubules which form cilia and flagella (in cells that have them) and also aid in the process of asexual reproduction in cells
Centrioles