26 terms

2nd quarter vocabulary

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The orbit of an object around another object
revolution
The spin of an object around its axis
rotation
An _______________ occurs when the Earth's rotation axis is tilted neither toward nor away from the Sun
equinox
When the Earth's rotation axis is tilted directly toward or away from the Sun a __________________ occurs
solstice
As the lit portion of the Moon becomes larger, the Moon is ______________________
waxing
As the lit portion of the Moon becomes smaller, the Moon is ____________________
waning
_________________ are the periodic rise and fall of the ocean's surfaces caused by the gravitational force between the Earth, Moon, and Sun
tides
An ___________________ is the movement of one solar system object into the shadow of another object
eclipse
A _________________ orbits the Sun, is massive enough to be nearly spherical in shape, and has no other object in its orbital path
planet
_________________ ________________ orbit the Sun and are nearly spherical in shape, but they share their orbital paths with other objects of similar size
dwarf planets
A _________________ is a natural satellite that orbits an object other than a star
moon
___________________ are small, rocky objects that orbit the Sun
asteroids
__________________ are small, rocky, icy, objects that orbit the Sun
comets
___________________ are small, rocky particles that move through space
meteoroids
When a meteoroid enters Earth's atmosphere, it produces a streak of light called a ___________________
meteor
The Earth system that contains all living things is the ______________________
biosphere
This mixture of gases forms a layer around Earth called the ______________________
atmosphere
The system containing all the Earth's water is called the _____________________
hydrosphere
_________________________ is water that is stored in cracks and pores beneath the Earth's surface
groundwater
The _________________ ________________ is the continuous movement of water on, above, and below the Earth's surface
water cycle
__________________ is the process by which a liquid, such as water, changes into a gas
evaporation
_________________ is the process by which plants release water vapor through their leaves
transpiration
The process by which a gas changes to a liquid is _________________________
condensation
Moisture that falls from clouds to Earth's surface is ________________________
precipitation
_________________ is the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
weather
___________________ is the average weather pattern for a region over a long period of time
climate