18 terms

Ancient Greece

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

City- State
A city that has its own government and controls the surrounding country side, but is not under the control of any other government
Strait
a naturally formed, narrow waterway that connects two larger bodies of water.
Democracy
system of government controlled by the citizens, first developed in Athens
Athens
A city state of ancient Greece that was an important center for arts, math, science, philosophy, and beginning of democracy
Sparta
An ancient Greek city-state and rival of Athens, known for its strong military where all citizens were to be trained in war
Trojan War
the great war fought between the Greeks and city of Troy in order to recover Helen the beautiful wife of a Greek king; described in the Iliad by Homer
Acropolis
High fortified part of a Greek city- state, used for protection and special temples
Agora
market place near the center of the city- state, served as an important gathering place
Olympics
Athletic competition held between city- states to honor Zeus
Socrates
Athenian who is considered the Father of Philosophy, whose student Plato wrote books about his teaching
Philosopher
A person who studies ideas about knowledge, truth, the nature and meaning of life
Alexander the Great
Macedonian king who created one of the largest empires of the ancient world
Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian
the three styles of columns have influenced architecture for thousands of years since
mythology
the stories of the 12 Olympians and relatives,
the Greeks used them to explain the natural world
Pericles
Famous leader of Athens who ordered the construction of the Parthenon and helped encourage Athenian Democracy
Marathon
26. 2 mile run, completed to honor the run made by Philippides who ran to tell Athens of the victory over the Persians
Homer
Greek poet who lived around 800 B.C. credited with writing the Iliad and Odyssey.
Mt. Olympus
tallest mountain in Greece; home to the Greek gods the Olympians