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Terms in this set (41)
Hydrogen ion concentrations
pH scale 1-14
A solution with a pH of 7, our blood is 7.35
A solution with a pH below 7
A solution with a pH above 7
A substance that disassociates to release hydrogen ions,
A substance that disassociates to release hydroxide ions
A substance that tends to oppose changes in the pH
Most common one is bicarbonate
What are the 3 body fluids?
1- Intracellular (ICF)
2- Extracellular (ECF)
3- Interstitial Fluid (IF)
Inside the cell, 25L and 40% of body weight
Outside the cell, consists of 2 parts the interstital fluid and blood plasma, 15L and 20% of body weight
The fluid portion of the blood, 3L
12L, 80% of ECF
You have how many liters of water in your body?
How much body weight is water in males?
How much body weight is water in females?
How much body weight is water in senior citizens?
How much body weight is water is infants?
What body fluid has the most sodium?
What body fluid has the most potassium?
What body fluid has the most calcium?
include most organic molecules, do not dissociate in water, and carry no net electrical charge. (glucose)
dissociate in water to ions, and include inorganic salts, acids and bases, and some proteins.
Positively charged ions
Sodium and potassium
Negatively charged ions
What is a normal balance for sodium?
What is the normal balance for potassium?
What is the normal balance for calcium?
Dehydration, uncommon in healthy adults
Solute loss, water retention, The condition in which sodium levels are too low
Renal failure, deficit of aldosterone
Gastrointerstinal tract disturbances
Hyperthyroidism, excessive vitamin D
Burns, vitamin D deficiency
What do we have in our blood?
We have buffer systems to protect our pH levels, bicarbonate, phosphate and protein buffer systems
Lungs can't get enough oxygen
Blowing off too much CO2, ex- hyperventilation
When too much acid accumulates in the body.
When too much base accumulates in the body
What is the major cation in extracellular fluid?
What is the major cation in intracellular fluid?
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