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Texas Government Final

Terms in this set (24)

- Texas has a large and complex court structure consisting of a hodgepodge of courts with overlapping jurisdiction:
1) State Highest Appellate Courts (Statewide Jurisdiction):
- Texas Supreme Court: the highest civil court in Texas; final state appellate jurisdiction/authority over civil cases and juvenile cases (1 Court, 9 Judges).
- Texas Court of Criminal Appeals: the highest criminal court in Texas; final state appellate jurisdiction/authority over criminal cases (1 Court, 9 Judges).
(pg. 278)

2) State Intermediate Appellate Courts (Regional Jurisdiction):
- Court of Appeals: the 14 intermediate-level appellate courts that hear appeals from district and county courts to determine whether the decisions of these lower courts followed legal principals and court procedures (14 Courts, 80 Judges).
(pg. 278)

3) State Trial Courts of General and Special Jurisdiction:
- District Courts: the major trail courts in Texas, which usually have general jurisdiction over a broad range of civil and criminal cases (456 Courts, 456 Judges).
(pg. 278)

4) County Trial Courts of Limited Jurisdiction:
- County Courts: often have jurisdiction over uncontested probate cases and over the more serious misdemeanor criminal offences involving: fines greater than $500 or a jail sentence; as well as over civil cases where the amounts in dispute are relatively small (one court in each county, 254).
- Statutory County Courts at Law: courts that tend to hear less serious cases than those heard by district courts (233 Courts and Judges).
- Statutory Probate Courts: specialized courts whose jurisdiction is limited to probate and guardianship matters (18 Courts and Judges).
(pg. 278-280)

5) Local Trial Courts of Limited Jurisdiction:
- Municipal Courts: local trial courts with limited jurisdiction over violations of city ordinances and very minor criminal misdemeanors.
- Justice of the Peace Courts: local trial courts with limited jurisdiction over small claims and very minor criminal misdemeanors (such as: class C misdemeanors, also have jurisdiction over minor civil matters).
(pg. 280-282)