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Politics of the United States
Forging A New Government
Terms in this set (34)
Who would say...."State legislatures have no security for the powers not presumed to remain to them..."
Who would have made this statement?
"I do not conceive we can exist long as a nation without having...a power which will pervade the whole Union..."
During the ____________, all of these issues were debated.
a. Balancing powers between the federal and state governments
b. Determining how to represent the states in the legislative branch
c. Deciding how the slaves should be counted for representation and taxation.
The framers of the U.S. Constitution agreed to _________________________
a Great Compromise on the issue of determining Representation in Congress.
This founding father believed Freedom of Press is important to society. Who is the founding father that believed the public had a right to be heard? ___________
The first Ten Amendments were added to the U.S. Constitution because of the need to _______________________
protect individual liberties from the federal government.
The three supporters of the ratification of the Constitution were_____________________________
James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay.
Separation of powers is creating of _________________________________.
executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
_______________criticized the United States Constitution because governing power was focused on _______________ and not the states.
Anti-Federalist, National government
What Principle of the Constitution is illustrated in the cartoon about voting? ______
Protection against unreasonable searches and seizures is __________from the in the Bill Of Rights.
The Legislative branch has the power to
12. "He shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors ... Judges of the Supreme Court ..." is an example of
checks and balances
What are some duties for a citizen in the United States?
Obeying laws, serving your country when called (draft), paying taxes and serving on juries.
"The powers not delegated to the United States . . . are reserved to the States respectively. . . ." is an example of which of the 7 basic principles?
George Mason believed the people were guaranteed the bill of rights. Who also agreed with this viewpoint?
What are three weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
A. no state court system. No power to regulate trade
B. no state militia. No power to enforce laws
C. no taxing power.
A strength of the Articles of Confederation was the plan that established orderly procedures for U.S. expansion of states as seen in the map above was
18. Unicameral (one house) legislature States have more power than the federal government. This system of government is called a _____________________.
The Great Compromise at the Constitutional Convention settled the debate on representation with the decision to have a ________________.
bicameral legislature with representation equal in upper house and proportional in the lower house.
The delegates to the Constitutional Convention agreed to the Three-Fifths Compromise as a solution to the problem of how to decide the ________________.
number of representatives in the House from each state.
How to Add an Amendment to the Constitution ______________________.
A. Law proposed by 2/3 of both houses of Congress AND ratified by 3/4 of the states
B. Law called for by 2/3 of state legislatures AND ratified by 3/4 of the states
What are examples of the constitutional principle is illustrated " Checks and Balances?"
A. Congress overrides the president's veto by 2/3 votes in both houses
B. President appoints federal judges
What is federalism?
Powers given only to the national government, to the state governments, and the
powers that are shared.
What are examples of national powers?
Coin money, Declare war, Make foreign policy
What are examples of state powers?
Provide for education,
Regulate trade in state
What are examples of shared powers?
Administer criminal justice
Provide for public welfare
In what year, did the U.S. Constitution get approval in Philadephia?
The purpose for including the amendment process in the United States Constitution was _________________________.
to create an enduring document that can change to meet current needs.
How did the Anti-Federalist writings directly influence our system of government?
promoted the addition of a Bill of Rights
The fundamental principle outlined in the Constitution's preamble is on a government based on ___________.
The Federalist Papers were written to convince people that ____________.
the states needed to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
What freedoms are in the 1st Amendment?
Freedom of Religion
Freedom of Assembly
Freedom of Speech
Freedom of Petition
Freedom of Press
What Amendment protects against the quartering of soldiers?
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