40 terms

chapter five FC

athenian democracy
type of government used in Athens which is sort of a combine of majority rule and democracy.
the greatest national festival of the ancient greeks; modern revival of the games held every 4 years
geography and climate of greece
mountainous and few natural recources
civilization on the greek mainland that conquered the Minoans in Crete in about 1400 B.C.
trojan war
A war (around 1200 B.C.), in which an army lead by Mycenaean kings attacked the city of Troy in Anatolia.
a culture that lived in greece between 3000 B.C. and 1400 B.C.
A Greek-speaking people who migrated into mainland Greece after the destruction of the Mycenaean civilization.
dark ages
roughly 200-year period in Greek history that followed the final collapse of the Mycenaean civilization in the 12th century BC.
epics of Homer
a set of poems told by a blind greek philosopher
a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
greek myths
Greek traditional stories about their Gods/Goddesses. The Greeks gave human qualities to their Gods, and gave them the ability to compete with one another. Greek myths were used to understand the mysteries of nature, human passions, and etc.
Greek city-state
A fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city
greek political structures
aristocracy, monarchy, oligarcy and tyrany
athenian education
The sons of wealthy families were formally educated, beginning at the age of 7. They studied reading, grammar, poetry, history, mathematics, music, logic, and public speaking. They were also trained in athletics. When they got older, they went to military school.
an ancient Greek city famous for military prowess
the capital and largest city of Greece
Slaves to the Spartans that revolted and nearly destroyed Sparta in 650 B.C.E.
in ancient greece a military formation in which foot soldiers stood so that their sheilds overlapped
persian wars
Conflicts between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire, ranging from the Ionian Revolt (499-494 B.C.E.) through Darius's punitive expedition that failed at Marathon. Chronicled by Herodotus. (131)
runner that carried messages to Sparta and Athens and died inside of the Athenian gates. modern marathons are imitations of his 20 mile run
direct democracy
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
athenian empire
Delian League used to help unite the people of the Empire; used the money from them to build up navy
persian wars
Conflicts between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire, ranging from the Ionian Revolt (499-494 B.C.E.) through Darius's punitive expedition that failed at Marathon. Chronicled by Herodotus. (131)
the main temple of the goddess Athena
classical art
the art of ancient Greece and Rome, in which harmony, order, and proportion were emphasized
tradgedy and comedy
litariture wherea hero is destroyed by a flaw in his own character
peloponnesian war
a war in which Athens and its allies were defeated by the league centered on Sparta
the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings
pursued absolute standards for moral conduct. Dialectal method.
ancient Athenian philosopher
Greek philosopher. A pupil of Plato, the tutor of Alexander the Great, and the author of works on logic, metaphysics, ethics, natural sciences, politics, and poetics, he profoundly influenced Western thought. In his philosophical system, which led him to criticize what he saw as Plato's metaphysical excesses, theory follows empirical observation and logic, based on the syllogism, is the essential method of rational inquiry.
invaded Athens under Philip of Macedon. Alexander the Great continued it.spread greek culture. (hellenism)
King of Macedonia in northern Greece. Between 334 and 323 B.C.E. he conquered the Persian Empire, reached the Indus Valley, founded many Greek-style cities, and spread Greek culture across the Middle East. Later known as Alexander the Great. (p. 136)
hellenistic culture
Greek culture blended with Egyptian, Persian and Indian ideas, as a result of Alexander the Great's Empire.
(287-212BCE) scientist. important for work on the geometry of spheres and cylinders, establishing pi and creating the sciene ofhydrostatics. archimedean screw.
colossus of rhodes
Largest known Hellenistic statues, one of the wonders of the ancient world
(philosophy) the philosophical system of the Stoics following the teachings of the ancient Greek philosopher Zeno
philosophy founded by Epicurus in Hellenistic Athens; taught that happiness through the pursuit of pleasure was the goal of life