AP Human Geo Unit 4 Vocab
Terms in this set (82)
The breakup of Yugoslavia into smaller ethnically similar countries.
Binational or Multinational State
A state that contains more than one nation.
An invisible line that marks the extent if a state`s territory and the control that its leaders have.
Tends to fragment nation-states.
The competition between two superpowers. (Unites States and the Soviet Union)
Had socialist principles of centralized planning and state ownership are fading from existence.
The distance from the center to any boundary is about the same, giving it a shape similar to a circle. Compactness promotes good communications among all regions.
Another names for Cultural Boundary.
The area where a nation state began.
The outlying area outside of the core.
Boundaries set by ethnic differences especially language and religion. The are also called consequent boundaries.
The transfer of some important powers from central governments to sub-governments.
Occur when states argue about the border actually is. (Definitional Disputes)
Arise over the ownership of a region, usually around mutual borders.
Involve natural resources that lie in border areas. (Allocational Disputes)
Arise when neighboring sates cannot agree in policies that apply in a border area. (Operational Disputes)
The study of how the spatial configuration or electoral districts and voting patterns reflect and influence social and political affairs.
Have a long, narrow shape sometimes because of physical geography and other times for a political or economic reason.
Are landlocked in another country, so that the country totally surrounds it.
Small bits or territory that lie on coasts separated from the state by territory of another state.
The tendency for an ethnic group to see itself as a distinct nation with a right to autonomy or independence.
Mark an important recognition of the EU`s sovereignty.
European Monetary Union
Europe`s new central bank.
A regional organization that promises to redefine the meaning of sovereignty.
Divides the power between the central government and the sub-units.
If the capital city serves as a model for national objectives, especially for economic development and future hopes, it is sometimes called this.
Divisions based on ethnic or cultural identity.
Theses states have several pieces of discontinous territory. Any state that is composed of island is considered this type of state.
A geographic zone where no state exercises power
Straight, imaginary lines that generally have good reasons behind their creation.
The redrawing of boundaries to improve the chances of its supporters to win seats.
Growing commonalities among nations
A reference to the leadership and institutions that make policy decisions for a country.
Stated that the "pivot area" of the earth power, would ultimately rule the world.
The European colonization of Africa and Asia is often called this or empire building.
A process that encourages states to pool their sovereignty in order to gain political, economic, and social clout.
States lacking ocean frontage and surrounded by other states.
Does not allow for significant control from the central government.
Describes the stat`s re-creation of a market in which property, labor, goods, and services can all function in a competitive environment to determine their value.
When water boundaries are set in the middle of the body of water.
Countries with not a lot of land space.
Rearranging districts to allow a minority representative to be elected, and it is just as controversial as the old-style party gerrymandering.
Allows for significant control from the central government.
The control of the money supply.
States with more than one core; May be problematic.
A group of people that is bound together by a common political identity.
Refers to a state whose territorial extent coincides with that occupied by a distinct nation or people, or at least , whose population shares a general sense of unity and allegiance to a set of common values.
A national consciousness; identities based on nationhood.
A state that completely surrounds another state. Like South Africa.
Physical features are easy to see on a map and in reality so they make good boundaries. They can include water, mountains, and deserts.
The study of the political organization of the planet.
The collection of political beliefs, values, practices, and institutions that the government is based on.
Politicization of Religion
The use of religious principles to promote political ends and vice versa.
All about power.
If no other city comes even close to rivaling the capital city in terms of size or influence, it is called this.
The transfer of state-owned property to private ownership.
Theorized that a state compares to a biological organism with a life cycle from birth to death, with a predictable rise and fall of power.
Challenged the heartland theory. Argued that the power lied in the rim, not its heart. A rimland is a large swath of land that encircles the heartland, roughly touching oceans and seas.
Nationalities within a country demands independence.
Zones of great cultural complexity containing many small cultural groups who fond refuge in the isolation created by rough terrain.
The ability of the state to carry out actions or policies within its borders independently from interference from either inside or outside.
A people without a state.
Country; Defines who can and cannot use weapons and force, and it sets the rules as to how violence is used.
Cooperating groups of nations that operate on either a regional or international level.
A term that describes the shapes, sizes, and relative location of states.
Efforts to control pieces of the earth`s surface for political and social ends.
"Third Wave" of Democratization
1.Trade and other economic matters,including economic and monetary union into a single currency, and the creation of the European Central Bank.
2.Justice and home affairs, including policy governing asylum, border crossing, immigration, and judicial cooperation on crime and terrorism.
3.Common foreign and security policy, including joint positions and actions, and common defense policy.
State that concentrates all policy-making powers in one central geographic place.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
MCAT Behavioral Sciences | Kaplan Guide
AP Human Geography Unit 4 Vocab
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Psychology Chapters 3A, 3B, and 3C
AP Human Geography Unit 7 Vocab
Unit Six Vocabulary
Unit 5 Vocab.