CC 303 - Test 4 - M.C.


Terms in this set (...)

1. Which of the following is TRUE?
a. The term saga is from a Greek word for stories about a family or place.
b. The stories associated with the great mythological families began with Greek tragedies of the 5th and 4th century.
c. The Greek "family sagas" are commonly linked with Greek cities that have a Mycenaean history
d. Hyginus' Fabulae provides evidence that Greek "family sagas" had a fixed narrative which didn't vary with the retelling of these stories.
2. Who abused the privilege of eating with gods by serving them his son?
a. Tantalus
b. Pelops
c. Atreus
d. Agamemnon
3. Who was bribed by Pelops to fix the chariot race and in some accounts is said to have cursed Pelops for his treachery?
a. Atreus
b. Tantalus
c. Myrtilus
d. Oenomaos
4. True or False, based on your reading of Pseudo-Hyginus' Fabulae, Pelops' family experiences fratricide thanks to the actions of Hippodameia.
5. Who seduces Atreus' wife and takes possession of the golden-fleeced ram that guarantees kingship in Mycenae?
a. Thyestes
b. Aigisthos
c. Pelops
d. Myrtilus
6. Which of the following men was punished by tricking him to eat his own offspring?
a. Atreus
b. Tantalos
c. Agamemnon
d. Thyestes
7. Which of the following reasons are given for Clytemnestra's motivation for killing her husband, Agamemnon?
a. Her decision to take Aigisthos as her lover during Agamemnon's absence
b. Her anger at Agamemnon's sacrifice of Electra
c. Her jealousy towards Helen
d. Her desire to escape from an abusive relationship
8. The underworld spirits that seek blood retribution for Orestes' matricide are called the ____________.
a. Furies
b. Erinyes
c. Eumenides
d. All the above
9. True or False, Menelaus and Agamemnon removed Atreus from power because he killed their father.
1. Who raises an army in Argos and attempts to drive his brother from the throne of Thebes?
a. Polyneikes
b. Alkmaion
c. Eteokles
d. Adrastus
2. Who treats with contempt the decree of Creon and decides to bury her brother?
a. Eurydice
b. Ismene
c. Eiphyle
d. Antigone
3. What was the fate of Amphiaraos?
a. Escape home and then killed by wife
b. He was killed in battle
c. He was swallowed up by the earth
4. Whose suicide led to the survival of Thebes against its first attackers, the Seven Against Thebes?
a. Tydeus
b. Teiresias
c. Menoikeus
d. Eteokles
5. Who sought purification for himself for killing his mother?
a. Adrastus
b. Alkmaion
c. Antigone
d. Kreon
6. How did Polyneikes convince Eriphyle to have Amphiaraos take part in the expedition against Thebes?
a. The Necklace of Harmonia
b. Threatened her children
c. Promised her the Kingdom of Thebes
7. Who assists the Epigonoi in conquering Thebes?
a. Herakles
b. Theseus
c. Teiresias
d. Kreon
8. Who is the brother of Jocasta and the King of Thebes?
a. Eteokles
b. Kreon
c. Adrastos
d. Menoikeus
9. True or False, according to Apollodorus, the origin of the Nemean Games was to honor the deaths of Eteocles and the defenders of Thebes.
10. In Sophocles' Antigone, Creon's decisions lead to the death of:
a. Antigone
b. His son, Haemon
c. His wife, Eurydice
d. All the above
1. In some stories, Laius bring Pelops' curse upon himself and his house by which of the following ways?
a. He abducts Chrysippos
b. He steals the golden-fleeced ram
c. He tries to kill Oedipus
d. He kills his chariot driver
2. According to Homer, what happens to Oedipus?
a. He continues to reign at Thebes, but dies in battle
b. He is driven into exile
c. He is murdered by Chrysippos
d. He commits suicide
3. Who did Oedipus believe were his real parents before he learned the truth?
a. Jocasta and Laius
b. Laios and Merope
c. Polybos and Merope
d. Laios and Chrysippos
4. Where is Oedipus raised?
a. Argos
b. Thebes
c. Corinth
d. Athens
5. True or False, Oedipus attempts to avoid the fate of killing his father and sleeping with his mother by leaving Thebes.
6. True or False, Oedipus defeats the Sphinx by relying on his wits.
7. In Sophocles' Oedipus Tyrannos, what are the effects of Oedipus' grievous transgression against his parents?
a. Jocasta kills herself
b. A plague devastates Thebes
c. Oedipus blinds himself
d. All the above
8. The blind prophet who frequently shows up in mythology, particularly in stories about Thebes is named:
a. Antigone
b. Eteokles
c. Tiresias
d. Polybus
1. True or False, the Greeks used the word 'eros' specifically for sexual acts.
2. True or False, Parthenius' Sentimental Love Stories was a collection of myths that were used to display the tenderness and mutual affection between lovers.
3. In Greek myth, which of the following women died to save her lover:
a. Harpalyce
b. Eurydice
c. Alcestis
d. Daphne
4. In Greek myth, which of the following successfully regained his wife from the Underworld:
a. Daphnis
b. Orpheus
c. Admetos
d. Ganymedes
5. According to Parthenius, the passion of Clymenos led to:
a. Having sex with his daughter in public
b. The dismemberment of his daughter
c. His daughter being turned into a laurel
d. Never let his daughter to be married
6. According to Parthenius, the passion of Apollo led to him:
a. Punishing Daphne by turning her into tree
b. Revealing to Daphne that Leucippos was a man
c. Turning Leucippos into a woman
d. All the above
7. Which of the following is true of Daphnis?
a. Parthenius states that Daphnis chose to love Echenias
b. Parthenius states that Echenias required Daphnis to not have sex with another god
c. Parthenius story suggests that Daphnis' beauty was maddening to females
d. All the above
8. According to Buxton, same sex-relationships in Greek myth are generally:
a. Stories of erotic tales of female lovers
b. Follow the pattern of the older lover and the adolescent
c. Based upon mutual attraction between equals
d. Mature men and young gods
9. Based on your readings from Buxton and Parthenius, which of the following is FALSE of 'lover stories' in Greek myth:
a. The passion of eros leads to madness and suffering
b. The bonds between lovers is challenged by death
c. Physical attraction is often of importance in the discussion of hetero- and homo-erotic stories
d. Metamorphosis is the usual punishment for rejecting a god as one's lover
1. According to Buxton, the earliest evidence for Greek myths in the city of Rome:
a. Proves that Romans saw Greek myths as foreign tales
b. Is a terracotta representation of Athena and Herakles dating to 6th century BC
c. Is a 7th century BC mixing bowl depicting Odysseus blinding Polyphemus
d. Is found in the writings of Plautus
2. What does Buxton say about the 'equivalences' between Greek and Roman divinities?
a. The equivalences between gods was the Romans was of establishing connection between their religion and that of the Greeks
b. The equivalences are evident as early as the 6th century BC
c. The equivalences between Greek and Roman gods did not necessarily mean that the significance of the Greek god was the same as the Roman
d. All the above
3. Which of the following Latin authors wrote an epic poem much like the Odyssey, which details the heroic foundation of Rome through the figure of Trojan hero named Aeneas?
a. Virgil
b. Ovid
c. Horace
d. Catullus
4. Which of the following Latin authors was of greatest importance to the European retelling of myth thanks to his fifteen-book epic, entitled Metamorphoses?
a. Virgil
b. Ovid
c. Horace
d. Catullus
5. Based on your reading, which of the following statements is FALSE concerning Cornutus' Compendium of the Traditions of Greek Theology?
a. It was written Greek
b. Through the use of allegory and etymology, Cornutus connects Stoic theories of the elements with the relationship between Zeus, Hera, and Rhea.
c. Cornutus uses the myth of Athena's birth from Zeus' head to explain the location of the Stoic concept of providence (pronoia).
d. He explains the thyrsus of Dionysos as representing the need for a device to support oneself after having drunk a lot of wine.
e. None of the above
6. Based on your reading, which of the following is FALSE concerning Horace's Odes?
a. They were written in Latin during the 1st century BC
b. Like Greek lyric poetry, Horace's Odes often make Greek mythological figures the central theme of the poem
c. In Ode 3.11, Horace encourages a woman named Lyde to follow the examples of Danaus' daughters
d. In Ode 2.19, Horace employs Greek myths about Dionysus to explain the character of Bacchus
7. Based on your reading, which of the following is TRUE in respect to Fulgentius' Myth?
a. Fulgentius' Myth is an example of how Greek myth was considered useless pagan stories by Christians.
b. Fulgentius' approach to myth is similar to Cornutus' approach because both authors interpret Greek myth via allegory and etymology.
c. Fulgentius uses the Greek myth of Athdemonsena (Minerva) and Hephaestus (Vulcan) to explain why pagan gods were lustful and hateful .
d. Fulgentius clearly uses Cornutus' interpretation of Dionysus (see pp. 90-91) to explain why intoxication is dangerous.
8. True or False, the appropriation and reworking Greek myth ended with the rise of Christianity in the Roman empire.
9. Which of the following illustrates the importance of Roman contribution to the preservation of Greek myths:
a. Greek myths were preserved in the Latin language
b. During the Roman empire, Roman culture was spread throughout much of Western Europe
c. The continued appropriation of Greek myth by Roman political figures, such as Commodus
d. All the above
e. None of the above
1. True or False, Vergil's use of myth for political purposes can be attributed to his close relationship with the new regime of Caesar Augustus
2. True or False, the Aeneid begins with an invocation to the muse, in which a connection is made between Aeneas' struggles with the foundation of Rome
3. True or False, Aeneas epithet pius is his distinguishing feature, which is linked to the Roman virtue of pietas (i.e. devotion to one's family, country, and the gods).
4. In respect to the myths about Aeneas prior to Vergil, which of the following is FALSE:
a. Roman historians describe how Aeneas landed in Italy and his son Ascanius (Iulus) founded Alba Longa
b. Etruscan statuettes reveal that by the 5th century BC there was an awareness of the story of Aeneas carrying Anchises out of Troy
c. Homer's Iliad mentions that Aeneas was fated to escape Troy and his descendants will rule over the Trojans.
d. The Roman statesman and historiographer, Cato the Elder, recounts how Aeneas founded Rome
5. Which of the following is TRUE of Vergil's account of the fall of Troy in Book 2 of the Aeneid:
a. Hector comes to Aeneas in a dream encouraging him to defend Troy to the end
b. Aeneas describes the Trojan horse and the fall of Troy to the Carthaginian Queen, Dido
c. Because of the prophecy, Aeneas immediately flees Troy rather than engaging in battle with the Greeks
d. The Trojans are depicted as being foolish and cowardly
6. Which of the following is FALSE of Vergil's account of the Aeneas trip to the Underworld in book 6 of the Aeneid:
a. Odysseus' trip to the underworld in the Odyssey provides the basic model for Aeneas' journey
b. Aeneas' father describes an afterlife in which some souls return to the upper world after a thousand years
c. Anchises tells Aeneas that Caesar Augustus will usher in a golden age
d. None of the above
7. True or False, Dido's curse in the Aeneid serves as a mythical explanation for the historically hostile relationship between Carthage and Rome.
8. True or False, Virgil models the last six books of the Aeneid after the Iliad.
9. The Aeneid abruptly ends with:
a. Aeneas marrying Dido
b. Aeneas killing Turnus in a fit of rage
c. Aeneas building Rome
1. The poem that most scholars believe caused Ovid to run afoul with Caesar Augustus' social reforms is:
a. Ars Amatoria
b. Heroides
c. Metamorphoses
2. True or False, Ovid's Heroides is an example of his creative use of a genre of literature not typically used in the telling of myth.
3. True or False, Ovid's Echo and Narcissus is an ironic retelling of a traditional Greek myth dating back to the Pindar.
4. Which of the following is TRUE of Ovid's political overture at the end of the Metamorphoses:
a. Julius Caesar is deified and metamorphosed into a star
b. Associates narrative elements in the Aeneid with contemporary events
c. Ovid suggests that his poem will make him immortal
d. Ovid invokes the gods to delay Caesar Augustus' apotheosis
e. All the above
5. Which of the following represents Ovid's combining of Etruscan god to create a mythological narrative for Italian fertility goddess?
a. Pygmalion
b. Pomona and Vertumnus
c. Pyramus and Thisbe
d. Narcissus and Echo
6. True or False, the tale of Pyramus and Thisbe, which was used by Shakespeare for his main plot, appears to be entirely Ovid's own invention
7. True or False, George Benard Shaw's Pygmalion derives its name from Ovid's account of sculpture who marries his ivory sculpture, which has been changed to a woman under Aphrodite's blessing.
8. True or False, Ovid's humanization of a god is evident in Apollo's fawning over Daphne.
1. Criseyde is described as:
a. an angel
b. a captive
c. a widow
d. a wild virgin
e. b and d
f. a and c
2. True or False: Troilus, like Apollo, falls prey to the power of Cupid.
3. In the beginning of the poem, the Trojans celebrate the feast of the:
a. Saturnalia
b. Dionysia
c. Pan-Athenaia
d. None of the above
4. In the Middle Ages, authors learned about the Trojan Cycle from:
a. Homer
b. Vergil
c. Dares and Dictys
d. Guido delle Colonne
e. b, c, and d
f. all of the above
5. True or False: In the Iliad, Troilus takes over leadership of the Trojan forces after Hector's death.
6. At the beginning of Book One, Chaucer invokes:
a. the Muses
b. Tisiphone
c. Apollo
d. Orpheus
7. Criseyde is the daughter of:
a. Chryses
b. Pandarus
c. Calchas
d. Cadmus
8. True or False: In the Middle Ages, Troy was frequently equated with London.
1. Where was Beowulf from?
a. Scotland
b. Denmark
c. England
d. Sweden
2. True or False. Our primary source for the story of Beowulf is the Poetic Edda.
3. By what means did Beowulf defeat Grendel?
a. A magic sword found in the monster's lair
b. His bare strength
c. A throwing spear
d. Burning the monster alive
4. Wayland is traditionally said to have made:
a. Gram, the sword wielded by Sigmund of the Volsung clan
b. The Gae Bulg, Cu Chulainn's spear
c. Beowulf's chainmail shirt
d. B and C
e. A and C
5. True or False. Nidudr (Nidhad) tried to trap Wayland on his island by maiming his legs.
6. How did Wayland escape from the island of Sævarstath?
a. He built a folding boat and sailed away
b. He tied himself to a rock and threw it into to the sea
c. He roped together a pair of sea turtles and rode away on them
d. He built himself a pair of wings and flew away
7. What does the name "Cu Chulainn" mean?
a. The Crow of Culann
b. The Warrior of Culann
c. The Hound of Culann
d. The King of Culann
8. True or False. Cu Chulainn is an Irish hero known primarily from the Ulster Cycle.
9. During the Cattle Raid of Cooley, which goddess did Cu Chulainn slight?
a. The Morrigan
b. The Dagda
c. Scathach
d. Aife
10. (Extra Credit): A raiding party does not stop until when?
a. We have burned the village
b. We have salted the fields
c. We have crushed our enemies
d. We have heard the lamentations of our enemies' women
e. All of the above