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Human Geography - De Blij Chap. 1
9th edition Geographic Concepts
Terms in this set (63)
the study of geographic phenomena by visiting places and observing how people interact with and thereby change those places
focuses on how people make places, organize space and society, interact with each other in places and across space, and how we make sense of others and ourselves in or locality, region and world
A set of processes that are increasing interactions, deepening relationships, and heightening interdependence without regard to country borders.
The study of physical phenomena on Earth
having to do with space and earth's surface. Sometimes synonym for geographic.
The distribution of something across a space
Using geography to map the distribution of a disease to help finding its cause
worldwide outbreak of disease
regional outbreak of a disease
An intellectual framework that looks at the particular locations of specific phenomena, how and why that phenomena is where it is, and, finally, how it is spatially related to phenomena in other places.
the design of spatial distribution
the study of health and disease within a geographic context and from a geographical perspective. Among other things, _______ _______ looks at sources, diffusion routes, and distributions of diseases.
location, human environment, region, place, movement
The geographical situation of people and things
a logical attempt to explain the locational pattern of economic activities & the manner in which its producing areas are interrelated
the second theme of human geography, reciprocal relationship between humans and environment
The third theme of Geography; an area on the Earth's surface marked by a degree of formal, funtional, or perceptual homogeneity of some phenomenon.
The fourth theme of Geography; uniqueness of a location.
sense of place
state of mind derived through the infusion of a place with meaning and emotion by remembering important events that occurred in that place or by labeling a place with a certain character.
perception of place
Belief or "understanding" about a place developed through books, movies, stories or pictures.
The fifth theme of Geography; the mobility of people, goods and ideas across the surface of the planet.
Both Complementarity ( A condition that exists when two regions, through an exchange of raw materials and/ or finished products, can specifically satisfy each other's demands) and Intervening Opportunity (The presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away).
measurement of the physical space between two places.
The degree of ease with which it is possible to reach a certian location from other locations. ________ varies from place to place and can be measured.
the degree of direct linkage between one particular location and other locations in a transport network
The overall appearance of an area. Most _______ are comprised of a combination of natural and human-induced influences.
the visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape
the notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape
The art and science of making maps, including data compilation, layout, and design. Also concerned with the interpretation of mapped patterns.
maps that show the absolute location of places and geographic features determined by a frame of reference, typically latitude and longitude
Maps that tell stories, typically showing the degree of some attribute of the movement of a geographic phenomenon.
The position or place of a certian item on the surface of the Earth as expresed in degrees, minutes, and seconds of latitude, 0° to 90° north or south of the equator, and longitude, 0° to 180° east or west of the Prime Meridian passing through Greenwich, England.
global positioning system
Satellite-based system for determining the absolute location of places or geographic features
a hunt for a cache, the GPS coordinates which are placed on the Internet by other geocachers
the regional position or situation of a place relative to the position of other places
image or picture of the way space is organized as determined by an individual's perception, impression, and knowledge of that space
the space within which daily activity occurs
Maps that show the distribution of a certain phenomena, such as precipitation, over an area.
A method of collecting data or information through the use of instruments that are physically distant from the area or object of study.
geographic information systems
A collection of computer hardware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, recorded, stored, retrieved, manipulated, analyzed, and displayed to the user.
Involvement of players at other scales to generate support for a position or an initiative (e.g., use of the Internet to generate interest on a national or global scale for a local position or initiative).
A type of region marked by a certain degree of homogeneity in one or more phenomena; also called uniform region or homogeneous region.
a region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it
a region that only exist as a conceptualization or idea & not physically demacated enity
The sum total of the knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared and transmitted by the members of a society.
A single element of normal practice in a culture, such as the wearing of a turban.
A related set of culture traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils.
Heartland, source area, innovation center; place of origin of a major culture.
the term for a trait with many cultural hearths that developed independent of each other
The expansion and adoption of a cultural element, from its place of origin to a wider area.
The declining degree of acceptance of an idea or innovation with increasing time and distance from its point of origin or source.
Prevailing cultural attitude rendering certain innovations, ideas or practices unacceptable or unadoptable in that particular culture.
The spread of an innovation or an idea through a population in an area in such a way that the number of those influenced grows continuously larger, resulting in an expanding area of dissemination.
The distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through a local population by contact from person to person - analogous to the communication of a contagious illness.
A form of diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by passing first among the most connected places or peoples.
a form of diffusion in which a cultural adaptation is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place
sequential diffusion process in which the items being diffused are transmitted by their carrier agents as they evacuate the old areas and relocate to new ones.
Ways of seeing the world spatially that are used by geographers in answering research questions.
the view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life including cultural development
line on a map connecting points equal temperature values
Geographic viewpoint- a response to determinism- that holds that human descision making, not the environment, is the critical factor in cultural development.
The multiple interactions and relationships between a culture and the natural environment.
An approach to studying nature-society relations that is concerned with the ways in which environmental issues both reflect, and are the result of, the political and socioeconomic contexts in which they are situated.
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