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the organization of pitches around a central pitch and modality.


the pattern of beats by which the time-span of a piece of music or a section is measured.


the basic pulse of music


volume in music


clear and meaningful rendition of music; diction


the separation of a continuous melodic and harmonic line into smaller units.


the fluctuation in pitch and volume in a musical tone.


the qualitative aspect of a musical tone


the manner in which all the musical elements are treated which associates a work with others by time.

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