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FCE Common structures in Use of English
Terms in this set (115)
Siempre y cuando / con tal (de) que
__________you have a passport, you can leave the country
Prevent sb from + verb -ing
Impedir que alguien haga algo
Be keen on
Ser aficionado a... / entusiasta
I'm not all that keen on grapes: no me gustan mucho las uvas
He's keen on fishing: es muy aficionado a la pesca, le gusta mucho la pesca
Because it was raining heavily (RAIN)
But for the heavy rain
Due to ...
As a result of
Because it snowed heavily during the night the motorway is closed.
The motorway is closed ........................................ that there was heavy snow the night before.
The train is due to arrive at 3 o'clock
A diferencia de (+ sustanivo)
Unlike his father she doesn't like potatoes
Is likely to/ Is unlikely to
It therefore seems unlikely that the date of 17 December can be maintained.
Por lo tanto, parece improbable que se pueda mantener la fecha del 17 de diciembre.
Some people will say that this will be difficult, even unlikely. Creo sinceramente que cuanto más lo posterguemos, más difícil será.
It's not like
No es probable
Patrich doesn't usually forget his keys
It's not like Patrick to forget his keys
Prefer to / ing
I prefer buying online = I prefer to buy online (prefiero comprar por internet)
Preferir una cosa a otra
I prefer tea to coffe (prefiero el té al café)
I prefer eating macarroni to drinking whisky
Would rather than
I'd rather eat macarroni than drink whisky
Would rather than
I enjoy watching football more than reading
I would rather watch football than read
I would rather not go out tonight
If only I had...
It's a pity we won't have a bigger house!
If only we had a bigger house!
Naomy is the only person who wants tomgo to the cinema
Apart from Naomy nobodyis interested in going to the cinema
To be on the point of doing something...
If he hadn't arrived at that moment, I would have gone home a few seconds later
I was on the point of going home when he arrived
It's too expensive
I can't afford to buy it
I can't afford such an expensive....
To take advantage of...
Mustn't miss the opportunity (ADVANTAGE)
Must take advantage of this opportunity
I wish I had...
I regret not telling the truth
I wish I had told the truth
Feel like going...
Ganas de ir
I'd rather not go out
I don't feel like going out
Yesterday the theatre was almost empty (ANYBODY)
There was hardly anybody in the theatre yesterday
He doesn't go out often
He hardly ever goes out
To get used to + v ing
He is not accostumed to travelling abroad
He can't get used to travelling abroad
I used to...
I used to go to Cercedilla every summer
I'm used to
I'm used to waking up early
Has the habbit of + v ing
He has the habbit of saying things that are not true
The landslides are belived to have resulted from
There is no doubt in mind
I'm absolutely sure
Interest in + v ing
Fame doesn't interest me
I'm not interested in being famous
Make sense to somebody...
It make sense to me
No point in + v ing
No tiene sentido
It's no worth inviting her
There is no point in inviting her
There was no point in staying at the party
It was no worth staying
Make up his mind...
Decidirse a hacer algo
Succed in + v ing
Manage to get
Succeded in getting
Be out of order
Fuera de servicio
It hasn't worked for 3 days
It has been out of order for 3 days
Apologise to somebody for something / v ing
I'm sorry I forgot to phone
I apologise for forgetting to phone
Would you mind...
Would you mind speaking up?
Me recuerda a
Reminds me of
No querer / Rechazar a alguien
She refused to eat
He denied having stolen the bag
Nobody like having a new factory in the area
Everybody objected to having a new factory in the area
Had better not...
Siempre en infinitivo nunca con -ing
You had better not buy this car
Have talent for doing something
Should not have to...
You should not have to bring that coat
Try my hardest
Hacer todo lo posible
Beside the point
No viene al caso
The only one who
In case your flight is delayed
He is by far the most beautiful girl
(No confundir con SO FAR : Hasta ahora)
In order to
Put an advert for...
They decided to advertise (PUT)
They decided to put an advert for...
In spite of + v ing
A pesar de
In spite of felling sick
Although he is small for his age, he is very strong
In spite of the fact that
A pesar del hecho de que
In spite of the fact that he was sick
Get on my nerves
Sacar de quicio
It gets on my nerves
Made lose my temper
I was angry when Sandra was rude to me this morning
Sandra's rudeness made me lose my temper this morning
Take care of some one
My elder sister likes to look after small children
My elder children enjoys taking care of children
En la cual
Here's the house where I lived as a child (IN)
Heres's the house in which i lived in as a child
It's no worth doing
There's no point going!
There's no worth going
Difficulty in doing something
Mary didn't find it difficult to pass the exam
Mary had no difficulty in passing the exam
I lend her a dictionary
Borrow something from
She borrowed a dictionary from me
It seem as if
Parece como si...
Accuse somebody of + v ing
Acusar a alguien de algo
Mary accused Pierra of having left the door unlocked
Make an attempt to
Laura didn't try to be friendly with us (MADE)
Laura made no attempt to be friendly to us
It was the first time...
Era la primera vez que...
Robert has never been to Turkey (FIRST)
It was the first time that Robert had ever been to Turkey
No sooner had .... than
As soon as his plan landed he was arrested
No sooner had the plane landed than he was arrested
It's time ...
Ya es hora..
You have got to decide
It's time you decided
It's about time...
Ya es hora
You should learn how to read
It's about time you kearn how to read
Since / For
It' been ages since I last saw David
I haven't seen David for ages
From then on
A partir de ese momento
Since / ago
A month ago...
Is a month since...
En la actualidad, actualmente
As soon as
Tan pronto como
I'm sure he hasn't forgotten about the meeting
He can't have forgotten about the meeting
Couldn't / Didn't manage to
I did't managed to save the cat
No puedo decir: I couldn't save the cat
Should have (deber)
Why didn't you tell me...
You should have told me
Should be able (posibilidad)
I think I can
I should be able to
Might not have
It's possible I didn't take the early train (MIGHT)
I might not have taken the early train
It is said to be...
They say is getting dark
It's said to be getting dark
Had something done
He had his hair cut
I cannot get all the clothes in the suitcase (BIG)
The suitcase is not big enought to take all my clothes
The same as...
Mark and Tony are equally tall (HEIGHT)
Mark is the the same height as Tony
Higher and higher
It's getting higher and higher
As .... As
It was cheaper
It was not as cheaper as..
Such a silly story!
The silliest story I have ever heard!
I didn't go skating because I was so tired
I would haver gone skating If I hadn't been so tired
Run out off
Quedarse sin algo
There's no tea left
Run out of tea at home
Do exactly what the teacher say
Carry out the teacher instrucctions
Recover from an illness
He gets over his illness
Cut down on
Reduce the amount of sugar
To cut down on the amount of sugar
They are identical twins so they look exactly the same
You can't tell them apart
Come up with
Proponer una idea o plan o solución
I was not able to come up with the correct answer
Take the day off
Aplazar / postponer
The match had to be put off until next week
Cancelar - dar por terminado
Partir, to leave
The bus set off at 10 o'clock
He carried on walking even thought started to rain
Tom carry up 20 passengers
He took up golf at the age of 12
My English isn't perfect yet, but I manage!
Althought my English isn't perfect yet, I get by!
Let somebody down
Please don't dissapoint me this time
I'd rather you didn't let me down this time
He must work out how much weight a particular rock will support
Be in the mood FOR + v.ing
Estar de ánimo
Do you fancy goin...?
Te apetece ir...?
Be fond of + v.ing
Ser aficionado a
On your own
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