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25 terms

Russian Revolution Timeline

history
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1914
Russia enters the First World War.
1915
Russia suffers 2 million casualties.
1915
Progressive bloc calls for a new government responsible to the Duma rather than to the czar.
1915
Czar Nicholas adjourns the Duma and departs for the front; Alexandra and Rasputin exert a strong influence on the government.
Dec. 1916
Rasputin is murdered.
March 8, 1917
Bread riots take place in Petrograd (St. Petersburg)
March 12, 1917
Duma declares a provisional government.
March 15, 1917
Czar Nicholas abdicates.
April 16, 1917
Lenin returns from exile and denounces the provisional government.
May 1917
Reorganized provisional government, including Kerensky, continues the war.
May 1917
Petrograd Soviet issues Army Order No. 1, granting military power to committees of common soldiers.
Summer 1917
Agrarian upheavals: peasants seize estates; peasant soldiers desert the army to participate.
October 1917
Bolsheviks gain a majority in the Petrograd Soviet.
Nov. 6, 1917
Bolsheviks seize power; Lenin heads the new "provisional workers' and peasants' government."
Nov. 1917
Lenin accepts peasant seizure of land and worker control of factories; all banks are nationalized.
January 1918
Lenin permanently disbands the Constituent Assembly.
February 1918
Lenin convinces the Bolshevik Central Committee to accept a humiliating peace with Germany in order to safeguard the revolution.
March 1918
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk: Russia loses one-third of its population.
March 1918
Trotsky as war commissar begins to rebuild the Russian army.
March 1918
Government moves from Petrograd to Moscow.
1918-1920
Great civil war takes place.
Summer 1918
Eighteen regional governments compete for power.
Summer 1918
White armies oppose the Bolshevik Revolution.
1919
White armies are on the offensive, but divided politically; they receive little benefit from Allied intervention.
1920
Lenin and the Red Army are victorious, retaking Belorussia and Ukraine.