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35 terms

AP HUG midterm..

notes and review for the midterm exam
STUDY
PLAY
Unitary Gov
highly centralized gov. where the capital city serves as a focus of power
Federal Gov.
a gov. where the state is organized into territories, which have control over gov. policies and funds Ex. US, Nigeria
Devolution
movement of power from the central to regional within the state
gerrymandering
drawing voting districts to benefit one group
define boundary
a document is created that indicates exact landmark
delimit boundary
cartogrophers place the boundary on the map
demarcate
physical boundary; wall, fence
mackinder's heartland theory
world dominance lies in Eurasia
Languages of Belgium
Flanders (north)- Flemish, Walloons (south)- French
Benelux
Belgium, Netherland, + Luxembourg in 1944 signed agreement of cooperation
concern of EU
euro, intigration, balance of power, Turkey
League of Nations
after ww1, US made it, but didn not last because US did not join
Euskara
lang. of the Basque ; unrelated to any other language
commodification
process of placing prices/selling something not previously bought/sold
toponym
place name
Khoisan Family
oldest langs in Subsahar Africa, "click" sound
Proto-Indo-European
ancestral Indo-Euro. language
Nostratic
P-I-E's ancient ancestor
Isogloss
boundary where languistic feature occurs. ex- pop, soda, coke
Standard Italian
Italian spoken in Florence + Tuscany
Invasion and Succession
new immigrants move to areas occupied by older immigrant groups ex- NY, Puerto Ricans "invade" Jew Harlem
Milwakee, Wisc.
most segregated city in U.S
Heirachial diffusion
starts somewhere big, goes to other big cities, follows patter ex- fashion
time-space compression
how quickly innovations difuse& refers to how interlinked two places are through transport/communication
neolocalism
invigorating old cultures in modern world
mortality rate
the rate at which people are dying by #s in a time period
biggest World Pop. Clusters
East Asia, South Asia, Europe, North America
absolute location
determined by frame of reference
relative location
describes a place in relation to other human or physical features
Wallerstein
made 3-teir structure of the world: core, periphery, semi-periphery
Tibetan Buddhism
splintered from Hinduism 2500+ yrs ago. Siddhartha- Buddha; enlightened one
monolingual states
only 1 spoken language. ex- Japan, Uruguay, Denamrk, Portugal, Poland, Lesotho
Globalization
a set of processes that are increasing interactions, deepening relationships, and heightening interdependence without regard to country borders
Themes of Geography
Location, Human-Environment Interactions, Region, Place, Movement
Malthus
worried about pop. growth and resources