15 terms

VOCABULARY #5

STUDY
PLAY
temperature
a measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object
thermal expansion
an increase in the size of a substance in response to an increase in the temperature of the substance
absolute zero
the temperature at which molecular energy is at a minimum (0 K on the Kelvin scale or -273.16ºC on the Celsius scale)
heat
the energy transferred between objects that are at different temperatures
thermal energy
the kinetic energy of a substance's atoms
thermal conduction
the transfer of energy as heat moves through a material
thermal conductor
a material through which energy can be transferred as heat
thermal insulator
a material that reduces or prevents the transfer of heat
convection
the transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement of a liquid or gas
radiation
the transfer of energy as electromagnetic waves
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, and gas.
change of state
the change of a substance from one physical state to another
insulation
a substance that reduces the transfer of electricity, heat or sound
heat engine
any engine that makes use of heat to do work
thermal pollution
a temperature increase in a body of water that is caused by human activity and that has a harmful effect on water quality and on the ability of that body of water to support life
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...