Terms in this set (64)
clarity of structure and theme is subordinate to harmonic effects, characteristically using the whole-tone scale.
Accomplished pianist, rejected romantic musical style, operas directed at Wagner.
style of art that is
inﬂuenced by exotic locations and people.
the rite of spring
Very controversial at ﬁrst
✦ Ballet is about Russian
peasant pagan rite
✦ Rhythmically complex non-
Western idea combined with Russian folk music
artistic and poetic movement or style using symbolic images and indirect suggestion to express mystical ideas, emotions, and states of mind.
slow-tempo Latin music and its associated dance.
art or music of the
20th century based on objectivity, balanced formal structure, and emotional restraint as found in earlier art of Greece, the Baroque, or the Classical period.
art that represents the tormented feelings of people stuck in a world of pain and conflict.
Austrian composer trained in German Romantic Style. Rejected tonality more than anyone else
type of serialism
spoken vocal technique that is half sung/half spoken
Alban Berg (1885-1935)
adopted 12-tone system. Wozzeck is his greatest work.
Anton Webern (1883-1945)
More radical than Berg. Work are shorter miniatures. regarded by musicians, not public.
leader of 18th century music.
hymns/psalms that have brief polyphonic sections
Stephen Foster (1826-1864)
most popular american 19th century writer. mainly focus on unattainable love.
Louis Moreau Gottschalk
19th century. Showman,
Amy Beach (1867-1944)
Boston female composer. Composed in Romantic Tradition. gifted pianist and composer in America and Europe
singers that memorized and repeated songs tracking tribal history
several distinctly different rhythmic patterns being played at the same time
Call and response
phrase sung by leader is responded to by group
early american style related to Jazz. influenced by african music.
most famous composer and performer of ragtime.
roots are from african songs.
earliest form of blues.
empress of the blues. call and response and pitch sliding between notes.
earliest jazz style. Originated in New Orleans. no singers, performed in casinos, brothels, dance halls.
embodiment of swing style jazz. had lasting influence with his trumpet playing.
1920's, chicago style of jazz. Focus on one soloist.
singer improvising using nonsense syllables.
big band composer, pianist, band leader. Music style changes reflecting parts of the world he visited.
style of jazz developed after WWII. younger musicians rebelling against old styles.
trumpeter grew tired of bebop.
Developed at end of WWII. answer to bebop. avoided fast tempos.
West Coast Jazz
sub-genre of cool jazz.
"the girl from Ipanema"
extension of bebop. renewed emphasis on blues.
similar to hard bop. greater emphasis on hammond organ. gospel feel. contributor to jazz/funk in 70's.
jazz that uses musical modes rather than chord progressions as a harmonic framework. Originating in the late 1950s and 1960s,
to describe a musical genre that is a synthesis of classical music and jazz.
an improvised style of jazz characterized by the absence of set chord patterns or time patterns.
musical genre that developed in the late 1960s when musicians combined aspects of jazz harmony and improvisation with styles such as funk, rock, rhythm and blues, and Latin jazz.
American composer who experimented with new musical ideas
Atonality, Free Dissonance, Extreme Rhythmic Complexity
Used Homegrown Musical & Personal Experience
the simultaneous use of two or more keys in a musical composition.
a play or movie in which singing and dancing play an essential part. Musicals developed from light opera in the early 20th century.
a short opera, usually on a light or humorous theme and typically having spoken dialogue.
George M. Cohan
Early American musical writer
Hit songs include
"I'm a Yankee Doodle Dandy"
Rodgers and Hammerstein
Musical writing team of Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein
Composes some of the earliest big Broadway hits in the 1940s & 50s
American composer & conductor
1st American born conductor of NY Philharmonic
Music Theater gained him fame with general public
wrote "into the woods" born in 1930.
Andrew Lloyd Webber
Brought operatic style to musical theater - sung dialogue
born in 1948
device that allowed music to be recorded on a phonograph and synced with a film
early film music composer. Major success was King Kong, Gone with the wind, Casablanca
film composer gained fame in 1940's. used dissonance more freely
incorporates classical music composers into his music. Jaws, Star Wars. One of largest orchestras ever used in film. Start of royalties.
one of most respected film composers of today. Star Trek II. Aliens, Titanic, Avatar
5 note scale
intervals smaller than a half step.
two or more contrasting and independent rhythms performed at the same time.
wooden board with metal keys that are plucked using thumbs.
bowed string instrument that uses 2 steel strings.
Ragas and Talas
system of melodic modes.
: rhythmic cycles.
plucked instrument that is similar to a guitar, but has sympathetic strings.