33 terms

World War 1 Review

world war 1
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Terms in this set (...)

Causes of World War I
nationalism, imperialism, militarism, creation of alliances (Central and Allied Powers); immediate cause: assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand (heir to Austrian throne) by a Serb on June 28, 1914
Triple Alliance, Triple Entente
the triple alliance was made up of germany, italy, and austria hungary and the triple entente was made up of russia france and great britain. Italy eventually switched sides to the tiple entente, which made up the majority of the world power
Countries of world war 1
France, Russia, Britain
Austria, Germany, Ottoman Empire
Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Ottoman Empire
Allies
Great Britain, France, Russia, United States
Provisions of the Treaty of Versailles?
1)stripped Germany of all military 2) Germany had to repair war damages($33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manefacture any weapons.
Belgium in ww1
was used as a back door for germany after they conquered it but belgium had britan allies so english got into the war
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria Hungary assassinated by a Serbian in 1914. His murder was one of the causes of WW I.
WW1 Strategies
Tanks, poison gas, land mines to blow up trenches, advanced artillery, trench warfare
weapon that caused stalemate
machine gun
Gallipoli
A failed British offensive in Ottoman empire
Why did the U.S. enter World War I?
-Germany was attacking American ships
-Violating international law (germany)
- The Zimmerman note
militarism
policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war
nationalism
pride in one's country
imperialism
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.
armistice
a state of peace agreed to between opponents so they can discuss peace terms
reparations
payment for damages after a war
George Clemenceau
French prime minister in last years of WWI and during Versailles Conference of 1919. Pushed for heavy reparations from Germans. Wanted to make Germans suffer and help break Germany up.
Vittorio Orlando
He was the Italian representative at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. He pushed for a revenge-based treaty at Versailles, hampering the 14 points.
Lloyd George
British prime minister, although he was re-elected for his popular campaign of making Germany pay for the war, he ended up fighting the most for German interests in the Versailles Treaty because he feared communism
woodrow wilson
After World War I, this United States president sought to reduce the risk of war by writing the Fourteen Points that influenced the creation of the League of Nations.
zimmerman note
A note intercepted by the US, originally sent from Germany to Mexico saying that if Mexico can keep the US out of the Great War then Germany would help Mexico regain its territories taken from the US like New Mexico, Texas and Arizona.
wilson's peace plan
this was called the fourteen points. this was meant to pervent international problems from causing another war. the first point in this was to end secret agreements. next the on wilson thought was most important was the league of nations which was to protect any nation large or small for independence.
unrestricted submarine
type of warfare used by Germany in WWI where they attacked any ship with no warning
sinking of lusitania
When German submarines sunk an unarmed British ship killing 139 Americans
us enter WWI
Sinking of the Louistania, Zimmerman note, unrestricted submarine warfare, selling weapons, loaning money to allies. Wanted to make the world safe for democracy
trench warfare
Fighting with trenches, mines, and barbed wire. Horrible living conditions, great slaughter, no gains, stalemate, used in WWI.
spanish flu
Pandemic that spread around the world in 1918, killing more than 50 million people
provisions of treaty of versailles
1)stripped Germany of all military 2) Germany had to repair war damages($33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manefacture any weapons.
technology of WWI
germany used poison gas; other things include machine guns, long range artillery, airplanes, tanks, the draft, zepplin
militarism
policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war
alliance system
defense agreement among nations
nationalism
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it