Study of Language chapter 5: Word formation
Terms in this set (17)
a new word in our language
the study of the origin and history of words
the invention of totally new words. most typical sources are invented trade names for products, like zipper, vaseline and aspirin.
new words based on the name of a person or place, for example watt by the Scottish inventor James Watt
the taking of words from another language, for example croissant, piano and tattoo
loan-translation or calque
there is a direct translation of the elements of a word into the borrowing language. for example gratte-ciel from the French language, which literally means "scrape sky"
the process of combining two or more words to form a new word. examples are doorknob, sunburn and wallpaper
combining the beginning of one word with the ending of another word to form a new word. for example: brunch, which comes from breakfast and lunch
the process of reducing a word of more than one syllable into a shorter form, for example "ad" from "advertisement"
a word of one type, usually a noun, is reduced to form a word of another type, usually a verb. For example "television", "televise"
the process of changing the function of a word, for example from a noun to a verb, as a way of forming new words. For example: "we bottled the home brew". Also known as category change or functional shift.
new words formed from the initial letters of other words, for example CD.
the process of forming new words by adding affixes
a bound morpheme such as "un-", or "-ed" added to a word
a bound morpheme added to the beginning of a word, for example the "un" in unhappy
a bound morpheme added to the end of a word
a morpheme that is inserted in the middle of a word, for example "hallebloodylujah!"