areas dedicated to honor gods and goddesses
water color paintings
war in 1250 b.c. between Myceneans and Troy
Success of Minoans was based on
Trojan War may have been caused by
high part of a city, with temples
a military formation of foot soldiers
someone who gains power by force
law making body
rule by a heredity landowning elite
Democracy that gave more people a say in government than other ancient civilizations
One factor that helped unify all the Greek city-states
a formal agreement between states to cooperate
when citizens take part in day-to-day governmental affairs
a fixed salary paid to people who held offices in government
process to remove people who were considered a threat to their democracy
a group of citizens who make the final decision in a trial
the Delian League was formed
What was one result of the Greek victory against the Persians
the Spartans didn't like the Athenian domination
the cause of the Peloponnesian War
Sparta defeated the Athens
When the Pelopennesian War ended...
a Greek word meaning "lover of wisdom"
a philosopher sentenced to death for his views
a temple dedicated to the goddess of Athena
the "Father of History" in the Western world
reason and observation
Greek philosophers believed they could discover the laws of the universe through..
In a ______ solar system, the sun, not the earth, is at the center
the murder of a public figure
he gained the throne of Mycenae
this city was the canter of learning and the arts
conquer the Persian empire
After conquering Greece, Phillip II's dream was to...
Alexander's career as a conqueror came to a hault when...
the spread of Greek culture
Alexander's most lasting achievement was...
blending of cultures
Pythagoras and Euclid were outstanding Hellenistic...
a member of the Roman landholding upper class
an official elected by plebeians to protect their interests
a form of government in which the people elect some of the officials
a member of the Roman lower class
Which geographic factor supported Italy's growth?
During a war, the Roman senate could choose a temporary...
adapted from Greek religion
Many Roman gods and goddesses were...
control over foreign lands
absolute ruler of Rome
good emperor who codified laws
the ruler of Rome at the beginning of the empire
a picture made from small bits of stone or glass
carried water to Roman cities
the author of Aeneid
the application of science and mathematics to develop useful structures
To which civilization did Roman culture owe the greatest debt?
Livy and Tacitus were best known as Roman...
What building materials did Romans use for the rounded dome roofs they developed?
a person who suffers or dies for his or her beliefs
a Greek word meaning "a person sent forth"
people who conduct religious services
a belief contrary to official Church teaching
the man most responsible for spreading Christianity
the Jews left Judea
What was a result of the Jewish rebellion in A.D. 66?
bring salvation to the world
Jesus proclaimed that his mission was to...
divided Roman empire
rapid rise in prices
violent asian nomads
soldier serves for pay
the divided empire
Which was a major factor in the decline of Rome?
the rise of the Christian church
What factor helped preserve elements of Roman civilization?
Israelites believes that God made a ___ with Abraham
In a __ society, men hold the legal and moral authority
The first five books of the Hebrew Bible
Spiritual leaders who interpreted God's will to the Israelites
The Israelite's ____ religion made them unique in the ancient Middle East
Who united the twelve tribes of Israel into one kingdom?
How are Judaism, Christianity, and Islam similar?
an object made by humans
the study of the origins and development of people and their societies
someone who studies the past
a society's was of life
the study of past cultures through their remains
how ancient people lived
Artifacts play a key role in the study of...
One of the first Neolithic villages
the belief that spirits and other forces live in animals, objects, or dreams
Another name for the Old stone age
period when people learned how to farm
moves from place to place in search of food
some rulers of early civilizations conquered many cities and villages and created these
special workers who could only read and write
believing in many gods
near major rivers
the earliest civilizations to develop were...
the world's first civilization
the earliest known system of writing
a system for ranking groups
a region named for its rich soils and wheat fields
a large stepped platform for religious ceremonies
Sumerian cities became rich due to...
Sumerian scribes wrote wedge shaped marks on...
Phoenicians set up ___ around the Mediterranean to promote trade
the worlds first empire was created by him
The king who rebuilt the great city of Babylon
triangular land area
system of government
along the banks of the Nile River
Egyptian civilizations developed...
had responsibility for overseeing irrigation, tax collection, and farming in ancient Egypt
Egypt's empire expanded the farthest during the reign of...
the god who ruled over the underworld and the Nile
the use of symbols to represent words and ideas
the god from whom the pharoahs claimed their right to rule
a writing material made from a river plant
to figure out the meaning of something
many people in ancient Egypt were
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