49 terms

Soc1101 OSU Final Exam (part 2)

These are the possible questions that will be used for the final exam that may or may not have been on previous exams.
The sociological perspective
challenges commonly held beliefs
The focus of the structural-functional approach
The consequences of social patterns for the operation of society
Criticism of the structural-functional approach
Not critical of inequalities base on social class, race, ethnicity, and gender
Which theoretical approach would highlight the fact that on average African American families have less income than white families
Race Conflict approach
Using the symbolic interaction approach, sports are understood as
Less a system, than an ongoing process
The following illustrates a micro-level focus
Two people on an airplane getting to know each other
Sociologists define a symbol as
anything that carries meaning to people who share a culture
____ are rules about casual living; and ____ are rules with great moral significance
Folkways; mores
As our society has entered a postindustrial, computer based phase the following has become more important
Learning to work with symbols by speaking writing and computing
The following statement is a good example of cultural lag
Gaining the ability to modify genetic patterns in humans before understanding the possible social consequences of doing so
Cultural change is set in motion in 3 general ways
Invention, discovery, diffusion
A person who criticizes an Amish farmer as being "backward" for tilling his fields with horses and plow instead of using a tractor is displaying
The theoretical approach that highlights the link between culture and social inequality
Social-Conflict approach
Family is important to the socialization process because
Family members are often what Mead called "significant others", families pass along social identity to children in terms of class, ethnicity, and religion; parents greatly affect a child's sense of self
One contribution of schooling to the socialization process that teaches about rules and schedules is
Exposing the child to a bureaucratic setting
In the historical perspective, the importance of the mass media to the socialization process has
Increased over time
Industrial societies typically define people in old age as
more out of touch and less socially important than younger adults
Julie is a police officer who finds that wherever she goes in her small town, people seem to think of her as a "cop". Julie is experiencing the effects of
Master status
In sociological terms, being an honor student is an example of which of the following
Achieved status
Shawna is an excellent artist, but as a mother she feels that she cannot work and devote enough time to her family, she is experiencing
Role conflict
Cultures differ in terms of
What triggers emotions; the rules for what emotions are appropriate to express
Milgram's research in which subjects used a "shock generator" showed
People are surprisingly likely to follow the orders of not only real authority figures but also groups of ordinary individuals
If you were a prisoner, a max-security prison would be an example of which of the following organizations
A coercive organization
The following is not a bureaucracy trait
Favoring family members over strangers
Weber argued that formal organizations were efficient, but he cautioned that they can have harmful effects on people. As he saw it
Organizations create conformity
The historical replacement of cast systems with class systems
Replaces one kind of inequality with another
Ideology or cultural beliefs that support social stratification is found in
both class and caste systems
The concept of "conspicuous consumption" refers to
The practice of buying things to make a statement about one's social position
A common micro-level pattern involving social interaction is that
People tend to socialize with others of about the same social position
In the US, which age category has the highest pov rate
Children and young adults under 24
Japan, Canada, nations of western Europe are classified as
High-income countries
Absolute poverty is
Which concept refers to a global economy in which multinational corporations exploit people in low income nations
If you were to apply modernization theory to the problem of global poverty, you might point to
The use of relatively little advanced technology
Some critics claim that modernization theory
Ignores how rich nations prevent the econ development of poor nations
Dependency theory differs from modernization theory by
Explaining global inequality in terms of exploitation of poor by rich
Wallerstein pointed to several factors that cause dependency among low-income nations, and prevent those nations from improving their economies. Which of the following is a factor that Wallerstein did not claim to be a cause of dependency?
Lack of integration into world economy
The chapter argues that gender is not just a matter of difference in behavior, but also differences in
Power, wealth and privileges
The concept of "glass ceiling" refers to
the barrier that prevents women from being promoted
What is a reason to see women as a minority in the US
At every class level, women have less income, education and power than men do
In what percent of rapes and attempted rapes on college campuses does the woman know her attacker?
Rape culture refers to the idea that
The existence of rape affects all women, even those who are never assaulted; the existence of rape is a form of gender inequality; rape is not an aberration but an extension of cultural definitions of masculinity and femininity
Comparative research indicates that
Although sex has a bio foundation, sex practices vary from place to place as an element of the culture
The majority of evidence that sex orientation is rooted in
Human biology, although social experience might play some role
What is NOT true about rape
In most cases of rape, the victim does NOT know the attacker
If you were teaching a class about the symbolic-interaction approach to sexuality, on which of the following topics would you likely focus
How individuals in various settings engage in different sexual behavior and attach different meanings to sexual activity
Which of the following statements about prejudice is true?
Prejudice involves prejudgments; prejudice treats everyone in some category the same way; prejudice can be positive or negative
While prejudice is a matter of ____, discrimination is a matter of ____
Attitude; action
A company has a policy of finding job applicants by asking their workers for referrals. This could be an example of
Institutional discrimination