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Terms in this set (101)
Bones are held to bones by ____ bones are held to muscles by ____.
Cartilage, and tendons
Name the unique joint that holds a tooth in its alveolus
Sutures as in the skull technically are _____ joints.
The point where two bones come together and join or move is called the _____ point
A tooth is held in its alveolus by a ________ ligament
Synovial fulid is secreted by the _______.
A dog has two mandibles held together at the front by cartilage at the mandibular ______.
The elbow is an excellent example of a _____ synovial joint.
The atlas and the axis together form a _______ synovial joint
The hip is an example of a ___________ synovial joint.
Ball and Socket
How many bones help form the knee joint?
4, tibia, femur, fibula, patella
The coxal joint is the technical name for the
A TMJ dislocation would be found in the____.
Arthritis conditions affect the joints. Which type is caused by a dietary problem, rich amino-acid-containing foods?
Groups of muscle fibers, the fascicles, are surrounded by thin connective tissue called the ________.
An actual muscle is really multiple groupings of microscopic fibers into larger and larger bundles, the largest bundles (making up the visible muscle) being surrounded by thin connective tissue called the ______.
Small to large sheets of ____ form from connective tissue to aid muscle attachment.
A single fiber of skeletal muscle would be a _____, while one unit of muscle contraction would be a _____:
During a single muscle contraction, protein filaments(myofilaments) called ____and ____move.
Which type of myofilament( the thick one) is always confined to the dark bands?
A myofilament unit extending from a z line or disk across a dark band to another z line or disk would be called a ______.
Which chemical provides the energy for a muscle contraction?
The palm of the hand is covered with a wide sheet of connective tissue convering ligaments and tendon, technically, this is a _____.
Translate( make it into English words) in , quadriceps brachii.
Four heads upper arm
If the biceps brachii flexes the upper arm then the triceps brachii _____ it.
If you adduct your arm, do you bring it to your side or raise it into line with your shoulder?
bring it to your side
Of the upper arm muscles, which would the antagonist?
Which large lower arm muscle could be considered a synergist both stabilizing the elbow and assisting forearm movements?
the smiling muscles would be the _____?
which muscle group puckers the lips for whistling and kissing?
When people shave under their chin , they are shabing the skin over the _____ muscle sheet.
back spasms often result from damage to the groups of ___ muscles:
the condition of the diaphragm when relaxed is
Where would the deltoid muscle insert on the humerus?
The idea that structure and function cannot be separated when studying the human body is known as the principle of _______?
the proper scientific name for modern humans is _______ _______?
Modern man evolved in _____ just 160,000 to 200,000 years ago:
the technical term for death is _____?
Nutrients do not include_____:
water, vitamins, minerals
How many organ systems form the human body?
The shoulder is _____ to the elbow ( compared to the trunk):
The left and right halves of the rectus abdominis are separated by a thin vertical line of fascia: this fascia would be in which plane?
The thumb is properly called the __________.
All atoms ( except H and He) want to have a maximum of _____ electrons in the outer shell:
What is the most abundant element in the human body?
What is the most abundant compound in the human body?
When carbon and another atom share electrons, a _____ bond usually is formed :
Tell me about element atomic number 7, it has ____ protons. ____ electrons. and ____electrons in its outer shell.
7, 2, 5
pH of 7.1 would lie in the ____ range:
Plants store excess carbohydrates as starch: animals store ____ instead:
The most common steroid in the human body is
An enzyme is a ______ because it does not change during a reaction.
The two nucleic acids found in the cell are ____ and ____.
Adenine and thymine, as well as ADP, belong to the chemical group known as ____. ( don't miss this one)
The major energy carrier in the body is ____?
All metabolism occurs in the _____?
The plasma membrane of the cell is composed mostly of ____plus cholesterol:
Osmosis moves ions from____ concentrations:
Greater to lesser
The concept that the account of plasma membrane remains ____ in and around a cell is known as membrane cycling:
Active protein pumps move ions ____ the osmotic gradient with energy from ____:
The smooth ER generally deals with ___, among other things:
The beads on a chromatin thread really are ____, which are groups of ____ proteins:
A codon would be carried by ____, while ____ would carry an anticodon;
A single amino acid is coded for by ____nucleotide bases, while a gene codes for and entire ____:
Glycolysis consists of ____pathways that occur in the ____ and mitochondria:
The first pathway of glycolysis produces as end product two ___ molecules with 3 carbons each that enter the Krebs cycle:
The matrix of blood is called ____?
The matrix produced by chondroblasts is ____?
A mammary gland is a modified multicellular ___ gland;
You might notice leukocytes in the upper part of the dermis because that portion of the skin is made from ____:
Loose connective tissue
Bone is made from the chemical _____ _____ laid on the framework of the protein _____?
calcium phosphate, collagen
The pubic symphysis is held together by ____ cartilage.
The most abundant protein in the body is ____:
Fingerprints are the result of fine pegs, the ____, holding together the skin layers,
Blood is made by stem cells known as ____ tissue.
The large spaces containing air at the center of a hair shaft form the ___ of the hair:
In the Latin system, the ossicles of the ear ( from out to in) would be known as the:
Malleus, Hammer; Incus, Anvil; and Stapes, Stirrup
In a typical PNS ( Peripheral Nervous System) neuron, the afferent processes are the ___ the efferent processes are the ___:
In neurons, the rough ER is called the chromatophilic substance or _____ bodies.
In the PNS, the ____ cells form the insulation over the axons;
Where would you find a myelinated dendrite?
all dendrites are nonmyelinated
If an axon has collaterals, they branch off at the nodes of ___:
Name the rather common disease in which the myelinated sheaths of axons are destroyed by the immune system, causing spastic muscular movements and speech difficulties:
In an ionic bond, the cation has a _____ charge and the anion has a ____ charge:
Under normal conditions, there are more____ ions inside the cell membrane than outside and more ____ ions outside in the fluid than inside the membrane.
Which is an example of a ligand?
The resting membrane potential of a nerve cell averages about ____mV.
Potentials that operate over short distances and generally are weak are _____potentials.
Potentials that operate over long distances and generally are strong are _____potentials.
which type of potential would a dendrite display?
What is the threshold charge for a typical membrane?
Which ion is responsible for releasing neurotransmitters in the PNS?
This ion (#92) resides in the fulid between the end of the axon terminal and the muscle membrane. This area is known as the ______ ______?
maybe synaptic cleft
What is the major neurotransmitter involved in muscle contraction?
How much does the typical adult human brain weigh?
On the surface of the cerebrum, a raised area is a ____, while a depressed fold or valley is a _______.
Which part of the brain is continuous with the spinal cord?
The transverse fissure separates the ____ from the ____.
The dorsal nerve root is the sensory or _____ end of a spinal nerve.
An axon terminal bouton contains a sac called the _____ that contains thousands of _____ vesicles.
Name all the muscles of the buttocks from the outside to the inside:
Gluteus Maximus, Gluteus Medius, Gluteus Minimus
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