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US History Final

STUDY
PLAY
What happened in Virginia in 1626 according to the lecture?
A) Sam Houston was born.
B) A gun control law was passed.
C) the first Black indentured servants were released from their contracts.
D) the first Black indentured servants had their contract times extended.
the first Black indentured servants were released from their contracts
The witch craze in Salem started when:
A) a slave named Tituba cursed the village minister
B) Indians attacked and looted the village
C) several people died of a mysterious illness
D) adolescent girls began to exhibit strange afflictions
E) the town minister was caught in a sex scandal
adolescent girls began to exhibit strange afflictions
The Germans spoke what language?
A) English
B) German
C) Dutch
D) Spanish
German
Which region had the most free Blacks by percentage?
A) North
B) South.
North
All of the following are true of the southern gentry EXCEPT:
A) their great houses became centers of luxurious living
B) they were often dependent on outside capital
C) they were mainly in Virginia and South Carolina
D) they loved to gamble on horses and games of chance
E) they were ethnically and religiously diverse
they were ethnically and religiously diverse
New York was the name given to what area captured from the Dutch?
A) New Jersey
B) France
C) New Amsterdam
D) Nova Scotia
New Amsterdam
After the arrival of Europeans, the greatest number of Indians died as a result of:
A) depression
B) starvation
C) battle
D) disease
E) enslavement
disease-decreased by 50 percent
*As a result of the "Glorious Revolution," England abolished the monarchy and became a republic.
A) True
B) False
false--temporarily abolished the monarchy
By 1700, the most democratic and important social institutions were:
A) coffee houses
B) churches
C) theaters
D) colleges
E) taverns
taverns
Christopher Columbus had to convince his sponsors that the earth is round.
A) True
B) False
false
*When did slavery become hereditary in Virginia according to the lecture?
A) 1619
B) 1641
C) 1661
D) 1865
1661-Slavery was enacted in 1661 after making lifetime indetured servitude hereditary for Blacks.
By 1700, rice and indigo were Virginia's most important export crops.
A) True
B) False
false
The Puritans settled what region?
A) New England
B) Middle Colonies
C) South
D) West Indies
New England
Which type of Indian environmental adaptation had the greatest disease immunity?
A) Farmers
B) Hunters
C) Gatherers
farmers
The "extended present" refers to the view of time as seen by
A) Indians.
B) the English.
C) the Scots-Irish.
D) all choices listed.
indians
Colonists arriving in the New World found that Indians:
A) had no concept of a supreme being
B) maintained large herds of horses and cattle
C) had left the landscape virtually unchanged
D) regularly burned forests to promote new growth
E) supported themselves strictly through hunting
regularly burned forests to promote new growth
John Cabot's crossing of the Atlantic in 1497 resulted in his:
A) sighting of the Pacific
B) sailing around the tip of South America
C) discovery of a shortcut to China
D) exploration of Florida
E) making landfall in present-day Canada
making landfall in present-day Canada
Ferdinand and Isabella forced Muslims and Jews to either become Christians or leave Spain.
A) True
B) False
true
After defeating the native forces at Vera Cruz, Cortés:
A) ordered all the defeated people to worship him as a god
B) instructed all the defeated people to move out of the area
C) insisted that all female prisoners be executed
D) invited the warriors to join his advance on the Aztecs
E) received permission from the governor of Cuba to go further
invited the warriors to join his advance on the Aztecs
*The Pennsylvania Dutch were ethnically
A) Dutch
B) German
C) Swedish
D) Hungarian
German-as discussed in class, the German word for German, "Deutsch" sounded like "Dutch" to the English
The Pennsylvania Dutch:
A) were immigrants from Holland who settled in the backcountry of New York and Pennsylvania
B) migrated to Virginia and North Carolina in the late seventeenth century to escape religious persecution
C) were almost wiped out because of a genetic intolerance to New World viruses
D) were a mixture of Mennonites, Lutherans, Moravians, Dunkers, and others
E) built windmills and dikes as they had done in their native country
were a mixture of Mennonites, Lutherans, Moravians, Dunkers, and others
The Quakers settled in what region?
A) New England
B) Middle Colonies
C) South
D) West Indies
middle colonies
The first gun control law in Virginia targeted __________?
A) slaves
B) Blacks
C) Scots
D) Germans
blacks-slaves were not around yet, blacks were the target
Which Native American group used cannibalism on occasion to supplement their diets according to the lecture?
A) hunters
B) farmers
C) scavengers/foragers/gatherers
D) all choices listed
scavengers/foragers/gatherers
John Peter Zenger's trial in 1735 established:
A) that truth is a defense in libel cases
B) absolute freedom of the press
C) private ownership of newspapers
D) the right to send newspapers through the mail
E) the legal difference between libel and slander
that truth is a defense in libel cases
Roger Williams founded Rhode Island after he:
A) devoted himself to converting the Indians
B) decided he was no longer a Christian
C) had been banished from Massachusetts for his religious opinions
D) led a rebellion against the government of Massachusetts
E) discovered it had the best farmland in New England
had been banished from Massachusetts for religious opinions
The colony of Pennsylvania
A) was based upon lands seized from the Indians
B) was open to all religious believers
C) was populated solely by the English
D) was governed by Quaker ministers
E) was considered part of New England
was open to all religious believers
Which of the following was not regularly used by slaves to show independence?
A) body language
B) trickster tales
C) lawsuits
D) names
lawsuits
Food crops exported from the Americas:
A) were more valuable to Europeans than gold or silver
B) allowed a worldwide population explosion
C) included the meat of cattle and pigs
D) made Spain the most powerful nation in Europe
E) included commodities like rice and wheat previously unknown in Europe
allowed a worldwide population explosion
Thousands of years after people first appeared in North America:
A) global warming increased grasslands
B) global warming decreased forest growth
C) climatic changes and extensive hunting had increased the large mammal population
D) climatic changes and extensive hunting had killed off the large mammal population
E) the environment remained basically unchanged
climatic changes and extensive hunting had killed off the large mammal population
English merchants in the Carolinas by the early 1700s established a thriving trade with Southern Indians for:
A) beaver pelts
B) fish
C) indigo
D) corn
E) deerskins
deerskins
The British colonies differed from the Spanish in all of the following ways EXCEPT:
A) they experienced less centralized control
B) they were developed with private investment funds rather than royal money
C) they were able to establish settlements which still exist today
D) they were in a more compact geographical area
E) they encountered no Indian empires like the Aztecs or Incas
they were able to establish settlements which still exist today
Which religious group mentioned in class not only desired religious freedom in thier colony but also granted it to others?
A) Puritans
B) Anglicans
C) Catholics
D) Quakers
Quakers
The "Middle Passage" referred to:
A) the Anglican belief in entire sanctification
B) the transportation of slaves to the West Indies
C) certain features of domestic architecture in the southern colonies
D) social customs in Pennsylvania
E) Puritan belief in moderation in all things
the transportation of slaves to the West Indies
Which church dominated the Chesapeake region by 1700?
A) Anglican
B) Quaker
C) Puritan
D) Baptist
E) Presbyterian
Anglican
The primary objective of the thousands of priests in New Spain was to:
A) bless marriages
B) establish towns
C) educate Spanish colonists
D) serve as government officials
E) convert the Indians
convert the Indians
*The covenant theory from which the Puritans drew their ideas contained:
A) the justification for New England's strict theocracy
B) the notion that the king replaced God as the head of the government of the people
C) the notion that men were capable of governing themselves well because they had been absolved of all sin when they entered the church
D) a fundamental belief in democracy
E) certain kernels of democracy in both church and state
certain kernels of democracy in both church and state--wore colorful clothes and enjoyed secular music
The Anglicans settled primarily in what region?
A) New England
B) Middle Colonies
C) South
D) West Indies
south
The horse was the only domestic four-legged animal in the New World before the arrival of the Europeans.
A) True
B) False
false
By the early eighteenth century, the English colonies in North America:
A) extended beyond the Appalachians
B) had eliminated their French and Spanish rivals
C) were the most populous and prosperous on the continent
D) were on the verge of independence from England
E) remained tiny outposts of civilization
were the most populous and prosperous on the continent
The Trickster is a common theme in
A) African American slave culture.
B) English folklore.
C) German American culture.
D) Soviet folklore.
African American slave culture
A major theme of slave Christianity was:
A) deliverance in heaven
B) the wickedness of white people
C) submission to the authority of slave masters
D) depression over the condition of bondage
E) the evil of drinking and dancing
deliverance in heaven
The largest number of German immigrants to the colonies settled in:
A) Rhode Island
B) South Carolina
C) New York
D) Delaware
E) Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Which of the following was not true of the eighteenth-century North American colonies?
A) Land was abundant.
B) Land was cheap.
C) Most colonists lived within fifty miles of the Atlantic coast.
D) A fairly high ratio of people to land existed.
a fairly high ration of people to land existed
In most cases, Spanish explorers and soldiers who came to the New World were motivated by all of the following EXCEPT:
A) religious zeal
B) desire to serve their fellow man
C) pursuit of riches
D) desire for power
E) patriotism
desire to serve their fellow men
The main Aztec god, Huitzilopochtli:
A) was usually depicted as a woman
B) caused the Aztecs to live at peace with their neighbors
C) required a constant offering of human blood
D) was ultimately repudiated by Montezuma
E) had many similarities to Jesus
required a constant offering of human blood
Which of the following animals were NOT found in the New World before the Europeans arrived?
A) flying squirrels and catfish
B) bison and opossums
C) sheep and pigs
D) turkeys and llamas
E) rattlesnakes and iguanas
sheep and pigs
Francis Drake was one of the most famous of the English "sea dogges."
A) True
B) False
true
The introduction of horses to Plains tribes:
A) bettered the lives of their women
B) lessened their dependence on bison
C) replaced dogs as beasts of burden
D) minimally altered the ecology of the Great Plains
E) made them less nomadic
replaced dogs as beasts of burden
Which of the following foods did Europeans introduce to the New World?
A) beans
B) corn
C) potatoes
D) squash
E) rice
rice
Which of the following would NOT characterize the Mississippi Indian culture?
A) towns built around plazas and temples
B) cliff dwellings and widespread use of irrigation
C) cultivation of corn, beans, and squashes
D) ceremonial human torture and sacrifice
E) extensive trading activities
cliff dwellings and widespread use of irrigation
The Aztecs:
A) were the most advanced example of the Adena-Hopewell culture
B) had an empire of perhaps five million people in Mexico
C) absorbed the Mayas around 1425
D) succumbed to the Toltecs around A.D. 900
E) were a peaceful, nomadic people
had an empire of perhaps five million people in Mexico
The presidios established by the Spaniards in the Southwest housed:
A) missionaries
B) settlers
C) soldiers
D) ranchers
E) explorers
soldiers
The explorer Sir Humphrey Gilbert:
A) was lost at sea
B) founded the Roanoke colony
C) became a notorious pirate
D) married Queen Elizabeth
E) was an English captain hired by the French
was lost at sea
The French captain, Jacques Cartier, most importantly explored the:
A) Caribbean
B) Mississippi River
C) Great Lakes
D) St. Lawrence River
E) Hudson Bay
St. Lawrence River
Columbus succeeded in:
A) finding a water route to Asia
B) proving the world was round
C) inspiring subsequent European explorations
D) bringing the benefits of European civilization to the Indians
E) finding rich sources of rubies and diamonds
inspiring subsequent European explorations
For the Pequots, the result of the 1637 war they fought with New England settlers was:
A) leadership of all other Indians in the region
B) retention of most of their traditional lands
C) revenge for the previous cruelties of the English
D) slaughter and enslavement
E) a religious crisis
slaughter and enslavement
The major cause of King Philip's War was:
A) Indian anger over their destruction from European diseases
B) Indian resentment over forced conversions to Christianity
C) the need of Indian warriors to prove themselves in battle
D) King Philip's desire for territorial expansion
E) Indian feelings of racial superiority over the English
Indian resentment over forced conversions to Christianity
The Virginia Company of Plymouth brought the Puritans to Massachusetts Bay.
A) True
B) False
false
In 1624, a British court dissolved the struggling Virginia Company, and Virginia:
A) was given to the king's brother, the Duke of York
B) was merged with New England
C) lost all its funding
D) became a royal colony
E) no longer existed
became a royal colony
Charles I:
A) founded "Great Britain" when he came from Scotland to assume the throne
B) was the son of James II
C) was executed as a result of the English Civil War
D) sympathized with the Puritans more than any other seventeenth-century British monarch
E) was the father of James I
was executed as a result of the English Civil War
Delaware was originally part of Pennsylvania.
A) True
B) False
true
James I:
A) openly favored the Puritans
B) was the first of the Stuart monarchs
C) recognized the supreme authority of Parliament
D) was wise and open-minded
E) conquered Scotland
was the first of the Stuart monarchs
In the Southeast, the profitability of Indian captives prompted a frenzy of:
A) raiding Indian villages to capture children
B) missionary activity
C) dishonest treaty making
D) head-hunting
E) slaving activity
slaving activity
In Virginia by the mid-1600s:
A) small farmers dominated the government
B) the Virginia Company still operated the colony
C) Roger Williams established a community for those experiencing religious persecution
D) tobacco prices were falling
E) John Smith was governor
tobacco prices were falling
*Bacon's Rebellion:
A) brought indentured servants and small farmers together against the colony's rich planters and political leaders
B) sought to make Virginia independent of England
C) had the support of nearby Indian tribes
D) led to the burning of Charleston
E) resulted from changes in the Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina that discriminated against Puritans
brought indentured servants and small farmers together against the colony's rich planters and political leaders--dispute between Nathan Bacon and Governor Berkeley over how to respond to Indian attacks on frontier
During Oliver Cromwell's rule, defeated English Royalists would most likely seek refuge in:
A) Virginia
B) Massachusetts
C) Connecticut
D) New Hampshire
E) New Jersey
Virginia
For the English preparing to colonize America, one model of settlement was provided by their country's prior experience in:
A) the Canary Islands
B) Ireland
C) Africa
D) Iceland
E) Scotland
Ireland
The Enlightenment:
A) encouraged the idea that God was like a master clockmaker who planned the universe and set it in motion
B) led most educated men to become atheists
C) was based mainly on the writings of Martin Luther
D) increased church attendance
E) started in America and spread to Europe
encouraged the idea that God was like a master clockmaker who planned the universe and set it in motion
In regard to religion, women:
A) frequently served as ministers
B) were more likely to be churchgoers than men
C) experienced most equality in Puritan churches
D) were more likely than men to question religious authority
E) were frequently employed as faith-healers
were more likely to be churchgoers than men
Education in the colonies was:
A) most advanced in the South
B) primarily intended for young women
C) most advanced in frontier regions
D) hampered in New England by the Puritans' anti-intellectual tradition
E) usually seen as the responsibility of family and church
usually seen as the responsibility of family and church
All of the following are true of the southern gentry EXCEPT:
A) their great houses became centers of luxurious living
B) they were often dependent on outside capital
C) they were mainly in Virginia and South Carolina
D) they loved to gamble on horses and games of chance
E) they were ethnically and religiously diverse
they were ethnically and religiously diverse
One major reason for the willingness of the English to enslave Africans was the _____ of the Africans.
A) blackness
B) docility
C) physical strength
D) religiosity
E) hostility
blackness
By 1750, the smallest percentage of slaves lived in:
A) New England
B) Virginia and Maryland
C) the Carolinas
D) the middle colonies
E) the West Indies
New England
*By 1790, second only to the English in their percentage of the white population were the:
A) Germans
B) French
C) Scottish or Scotch-Irish
D) Irish
E) Dutch
Scottish or Scotch-Irish--who were mainly Presbyterian
George Whitefield was a great preacher who even impressed Ben Franklin with his eloquence.
A) True
B) False
true
Early settlers of Puritan New England typically lived:
A) on plantations
B) in large seaports
C) on isolated farmsteads
D) in towns modeled on English villages
E) in log cabins
in towns modeled on English villages
In the first century of colonization, mortality rates among settlers were highest in which region?
A) New England
B) the middle colonies
C) the South
D) the western frontier
E) Canada
New England--settled by religious fundamentalists
English farm animals allowed to roam free:
A) devastated Indian lands and cornfields
B) increased the fertility of colonial farm fields
C) was a practice quickly outlawed in New England
D) introduced deadly diseases to North America
E) generally died from thirst or starvation
devastated Indian lands and cornfields
During the colonial period, prostitution:
A) was practically unknown
B) was legal
C) was especially common in port cities
D) resulted in equal punishment for men and women
E) was legal in official red light districts
was especially common in port cities
Jefferson's preferred course of action in dealing with the warring European nations in the 1790s was:
A) join France in attacking Britain.
B) cut off all trade with the warring countries.
C) give Britain commercial advantages, but not join them in war against France.
D) reward countries that respected America's sovereignty and neutrality with commercial advantages.
E) join Britain in war with France.
reward countries that respected America's sovereignty and neutrality with commercial advantages
*The Constitution needed all thirteen states to accept it before it would be valid.
A) True
B) False
false--only needed 9 states
British military strategists believed they could win the Revolutionary War if they could win over southern loyalists.
A) True
B) False
true
The Hartford Convention convened for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A) to recommend that congressional representation be based on the population of white males alone.
B) to secede New England states from the Union.
C) to propose presidential term limits.
D) to express frustration because New England's economic interests were being ignored by the federal government.
E) to suggest that Congress require a two-thirds majority in order to declare war.
to secede New England states from the Union
The rise of cotton can be attributed to all of the following factors EXCEPT
A) southern textile factories.
B) a natural transportation system of rivers.
C) the invention of the cotton gin.
D) the availability of fertile land.
E) slave labor.
southern textile factories
Gibbons v. Ogden involved questions regarding
A) federal funding of internal improvements.
B) the power of the federal government to regulate interstate commerce.
C) slavery.
D) scope of executive privilege.
E) constitutionality of the national bank.
the power of the federal government to regulate interstate commerce
Pinckney's Treaty resulted in all of the following EXCEPT
A) opening the Mississippi River.
B) the right to deposit goods in New Orleans without paying duties.
C) stationing troops along the border of New Spain.
D) a secure southern boundary on the 31st parallel.
E) a promise to stay out of Indian affairs.
stationing troops along the border of New Spain
James Madison argued against the Bank of the United States, saying that the Constitution did not specify whether or not the federal government could charter financial corporations.
A) True
B) False
true
Just before the Battle of Saratoga the French entered the war on the side of the United States.
A) True
B) False
false
The last major battle of the American Revolution was the
A) Battle of Saratoga
B) Battle of Franklin.
C) Battle of Yorktown.
D) Battle of Brandywine.
Battle of Yorktown
The First Seminole War involved the United States invading
A) French territory.
B) Canada.
C) British territory.
D) unsettled American territory.
E) Spanish territory.
Spanish territory
The basic principles embodied in the Constitution include all of the following EXCEPT
A) federalism.
B) republicanism.
C) recognition of slavery.
D) balance between liberty and order.
E) equality of all peoples.
recognition of slavery
Which of the following acts specifically taxed paper products?
A) Tea Act
B) Stamp Act
C) Quebec Act
D) Disorder Act
E) Newsprint Act
stamp act
The right to due process is in which Constitutional Amendment?
A) 1st
B) 2nd
C) 4th
D) 5th
E) 8th
5th
Squatters enjoyed what right, even if they settled on the land in advance of government surveyors?
A) Manifest Destiny
B) eminent domain
C) Speculation
D) Preemption
E) Jurisdiction
preemption
The exectutive branch is discussed in what article in the Constitution?
A) 1st
B) 2nd
C) 3rd
D) 4th
2nd
The British attempted to negotiate peace with the colonists following defeat at Bunker Hill.
A) True
B) False
false
Cruel and Unusual punishments are prohibited by which constitutional amendment?
A) 1st
B) 4th
C) 5th
D) 6th
E) 8th
8th
The expansion of "The People," or those who could vote, was selfless because
A) It lessened the number of people who could vote.
B) It supported tyranny by the king.
C) It diluted the voting power of those who could already vote.
D) All choices listed.
it diluted the voting power of those who could already vote
One of the reasons George Washington was chosen as commander of the Continental Army was that
A) he supported Great Britain.
B) he did not hail from Massachusetts.
C) he was able to quell rebellion in the colonies.
D) his status in the Northern colonies was controversial.
E) he had experience with slaves.
he was able to quell rebellion in the colonies
The right to keep and bear arms is in which Constitutional amendment?
A) 1st
B) 2nd
C) 4th
D) 5th
E) 6th
2nd
*The Intolerable Acts was the name given by the British to four laws designed to coerce the American colony of Massachusetts.
A) True
B) False
false--intolerable acts was given by the AMERICANS to the FIVE laws
Macon's Bill Number Two strengthened the Embargo Act.
A) True
B) False
false
As a provision of the Adams-Onís Treaty, the United States won control over
A) Texas.
B) Louisiana.
C) Florida.
D) Arkansas.
E) California.
Florida
Which article of the Constitution covers the legislative branch?
A) 1st
B) 2nd
C) 3rd
D) 4th
1st
The Embargo Act stopped trade with
A) Great Britain and France.
B) Great Britain.
C) France.
D) all of Europe.
E) everyone, it was a total embargo of American commerce.
everyone, it was total embargo of American commerce
What battle convinced the French to recognize the colonists' new, independent republic and to join in the fighting against the British?
A) Yorktown
B) King's Mountain
C) Trenton-Princeton
D) Lexington and Concord
E) Saratoga
Saratoga
The Land Ordinance of 1785
A) secured land rights for Native Americans
B) created an orderly process for laying out new townships
C) met with overwhealming public support
D) outlawed slavery west of the Mississippi River
E) was first proposed by George Washington
created an orderly process for laying out new townships
Which of the following was part of the Intolerable Acts, but not the Coercive Acts?
A) Quebec Act
B) Boston Port Act
C) Impartial Administration of Justice Act
D) Massachusetts Government Act
Quebec Act
Eminent Domain is found in what Amendment?
A) First
B) Third
C) Fourth
D) Fifth
E) Sixth
fifth
Which of the following reasons does NOT help explain why the Stamp Act engendered more opposition than the Sugar Act?
A) The Stamp Act was the first to be passed with only virtual colonial representation in Parliament.
B) Colonial presses published Patrick Henry's Virginia Resolves to protest the Stamp Act and made Virginia seem radicalized.
C) For the first time since the Albany Plan of Union, the Stamp Act caused nine colonies to assemble and discuss common problems with the crown.
D) The Stamp Act, which applied to licenses, deeds, and cards, affected a majority of colonists, not just merchants.
The Stamp Act was the first to be passed with only virtual colonial representation in Parliament
The turning point of the Revolutionary War was the
A) Battle of Saratoga.
B) Battle of Franklin.
C) Battle of Yorktown.
D) Battle of Saratoga.
Battle of Saratoga
The right to a speedy trail is in which Constitutional amendment?
A) 1st
B) 2nd
C) 4th
D) 5th
E) 6th
6th
"The Star-Spangled Banner" was written in response to the battle of
A) New Orleans.
B) Tippecanoe.
C) Put-in-Bay.
D) Fort McHenry.
E) Washington, D.C.
Fort McHenry
Conflict occurred between colonists and Britain for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A) the legislative wings of colonial assemblies were not previously clipped by Parliament, so colonists assumed their assemblies were equal with Parliament in some matters.
B) colonial political ideology involved a strong moral component that many in Britain never fully understood.
C) colonial assemblies had a rich history of their own policy-making.
D) they wanted to return to the pre-Glorious Revolution era with a more powerful king.
E) colonists resented the concept of virtual representation.
they wanted to return to the pre-Glorious Revolution era with a more powerful king
Which of the following did NOT contribute to early American industrialism and/or commercial agriculture?
A) the cotton gin
B) the power loom
C) the sewing machine
D) interchangeable gun parts
E) the steam-driven riverboat
the sewing machine
The right to petition is in what constitutional amendment?
A) 1st
B) 2nd
C) 4th
D) 5th
E) 6th
1st
The judicial branch is discussed in what article in the Constitution?
A) 1st
B) 2nd
C) 3rd
D) 4th
3rd
Because of the 3/5ths rule, Southerners dominated the House of Representatives into the 1820s.
A) True
B) False
false
Some early state constitutions included declarations of rights, which specified all of the following EXCEPT
A) no unlawful searches and seizures.
B) the right to trial by jury.
C) universal male suffrage.
D) freedom of the press.
E) freedom of religion.
universal male suffrage
Macon's Bill Number Two stopped trade with
A) Spain and France.
B) no one.
C) France and Great Britain.
D) France and the West Indies.
E) Great Britain.
no one
A fully developed factory system emerged first in
A) slaughterhouses.
B) distilleries.
C) iron-making.
D) textiles.
E) gristmills.
textiles
Chief Justice John Marshall consistently ruled in favor of states' rights and greatly expanded state power during his tenure on the Supreme Court.
A) True
B) False
false
During the eighteenth century, colonial assemblies:
A) were appointive instead of elective bodies
B) included both men and women
C) expanded their influence and power
D) lost their power to approve new taxes
E) were hotbeds of revolutionary agitation
expanded their influence and power
The Cajuns of Louisiana were:
A) French Protestants driven from their homeland in southern France
B) French who escaped from the British forces when Britain took over Nova Scotia
C) a group of British who obtained permission from the French to settle in Louisiana
D) a group of Indians who assimilated French customs and language
E) Spaniards who left Florida when the British took over after 1763
French who escaped from the British forces when Britain took over Nova Scotia
The Navigation Acts did all of the following EXCEPT:
A) cause resentment among Americans
B) increase customs revenue collected in England
C) prove difficult to enforce
D) date back to the period of Cromwell's rule
E) increase trade with England's rivals
increase trade with England's rivals
By 1750, the French population in North America:
A) had begun to diminish
B) was largely in Louisiana
C) was vastly outnumbered by the English
D) had a similar number of men and women
E) was only about half Roman Catholic
was vastly outnumbered by the English
John Locke's contract theory of government argued that:
A) men have certain rights in the state of nature, including the right to life, liberty, and property
B) governments were formed when strong men seized authority as kings to protect natural rights
C) kings have a "divine right" to rule their subjects as long as their subjects prosper
D) the only legitimate governments are ones that allow all adults, regardless of sex and race, to vote
E) government's chief duty is to wage war against other nations
men have certain rights in the state of nature, including the right to life, liberty, and property
All of the following opposed Britain in the Seven Years' War EXCEPT:
A) Spain
B) France
C) Austria
D) Prussia
E) Russia
Prussia
Colonial governors:
A) appointed members of colonial assemblies
B) in some respects retained more power than the king
C) were trained in public service at either Oxford or Cambridge
D) were basically dictators
E) were required to be natives of the colonies
in some respects retained more power than the king
The man who established Quebec in 1608 and governed New France until 1635 was:
A) La Salle
B) Marquette
C) Bienville
D) Colbert
E) Champlain
Champlain
During the period of salutary neglect:
A) the British government took less of a role in governing the American colonies
B) new and efficient trade regulations were introduced
C) William and Mary ruled Britain
D) a new trade board, the Lords of Trade and Plantations, was introduced
E) Americans developed a powerful desire for independence
the British government took less of a role in governing the American colonies
In the South, British troops and colonial militia fought the:
A) Iroquois
B) Cherokees
C) Shawnees
D) Hurons
E) Ottawas
Cherokees
A major cause of the Glorious Revolution in Britain was James II's:
A) devotion to Catholicism
B) determination to regulate colonial trade
C) scandalous lifestyle
D) effort to improve relations with France
E) relaxed style of leadership
devotion to Catholicism
The French and Indian War was triggered by:
A) conflicting French and English claims to the Ohio Valley
B) religious tension between French Catholics and English Protestants
C) the expansionist policies of Louis XIV
D) French anger over English restrictions on trade and shipping
E) the desire of both sides to pull their economies out of depression
conflicting French and English claims to the Ohio Valley
The right to vote for members of the colonial assemblies was:
A) greatly restricted because of high property qualifications
B) open to women in most colonies
C) extended to a greater proportion of the population than anywhere else in the world
D) based on the same property qualifications as required to vote for Parliament in Britain
E) given to all adult males as a result of the Glorious Revolution
extended to a greater proportion of population than anywhere else in the world
As a result of the 1763 Treaty of Paris, Britain acquired ________ from Spain.
A) Florida
B) New Orleans
C) Mexico
D) Cuba
E) California
Florida
The missionary priests who so energetically served in New France were:
A) Dominicans
B) Deists
C) Jesuits
D) Huguenots
E) Franciscans
Jesuits
Of the great colonial wars of the eighteenth century, King William's War was the fourth.
A) True
B) False
false
Spain fought on the side of England in the Seven Years' War.
A) True
B) False
false
At the end of the war, New Orleans and all of the French lands west of the Mississippi:
A) went to Spain
B) went to Britain
C) remained French
D) became independent
E) none of the above
went to Spain
The purpose of the Coercive Acts was to:
A) abolish the colonial assemblies
B) arrest the leaders of the Sons of Liberty
C) make Americans drink more tea
D) outlaw any public criticism of British policy
E) punish Boston for the Tea Party
punish Boston for the Tea Party
The Second Continental Congress:
A) ordered all American ships to stay in port
B) created a post office, a navy, and a marine corps
C) met with British generals to negotiate an end to the fighting
D) sent General Washington on a tour of the colonies to recruit an American army
E) refused to fund efforts for colonial defense
created a post office, a navy, and marine corps
The Townshend duties brought in more revenue than the Stamp Act.
A) True
B) False
true
Which one of the following was NOT a result of the Coercive Acts?
A) A new Quartering Act required the housing of British soldiers.
B) Massachusetts's council and law-enforcement officers were made appointive rather than elective.
C) The port of Boston was closed to commerce.
D) Town meetings were called by the governor to raise taxes to pay for the tea tossed into Boston Harbor.
E) The governor was permitted to transfer Massachusetts officials to Britain.
Town meetings were called by the governor to raise taxes to pay for the tea tossed into Boston Harbor
George Grenville continued the policy of "salutary neglect."
A) True
B) False
false
The triumph of what Britain called the Great War saw Americans:
A) jealous of British military power
B) very nervous about their own future
C) compassionate toward the French
D) celebrating as joyously as Londoners
E) turn their anger on the king
celebrating as joyously as Londoners
The fighting at Lexington and Concord started the Revolutionary War.
A) True
B) False
true
The writings of the "Real Whigs":
A) supported increasing the power of the king
B) were inspired by Benjamin Franklin
C) supported the Quartering Act
D) supported the policies of Grenville
E) were inspired by John Locke
were inspired by John Locke
Which of the following is NOT true of the Townshend duties?
A) A number of colonial imports were taxed.
B) British manufacturing was hurt because British exports were taxed.
C) They were designed to raise revenue for the crown.
D) The shipbuilding industry was hurt as imports and exports decreased.
E) The colonists were further antagonized.
the shipbuilding industry was hurt as imports and exports decreased
The Quebec Act of 1774 did all of the following EXCEPT:
A) anger American colonists even further
B) recognize the Catholic Church in Canada
C) extend Canada's boundaries to western lands north of the Ohio River
D) give Canada a government that was non-representative in nature
E) spark a major revolt in that part of Canada
sparks a major revolt in that part of Canada
The Gaspee incident involved the burning of a grounded British patrol boat.
A) True
B) False
true
The Sugar Act of 1764:
A) legalized trade with the French West Indies
B) taxed sugar refined in the colonies
C) taxed imports in order to raise revenue
D) aimed to reduce rum drinking in the colonies
E) doubled the existing tax on molasses
taxed imports in order to raise revenue
The 1765 Stamp Act:
A) required revenue stamps on legal and commercial documents
B) was approved by the colonial assemblies
C) raised a lot of money for the crown
D) directly affected only a few Americans
E) soothed American fears of standing armies
required revenue stamps on legal and commercial documents
Which of the following is NOT true of the American attack on Quebec?
A) One of the American leaders was Benedict Arnold.
B) After a long siege, the British surrendered the city.
C) It took place before independence was declared.
D) It was the first of numerous defeats for the Americans.
E) Smallpox ravaged the American forces.
after a long siege, the British surrendered the city
Which of the following is NOT a reason that George Washington was chosen as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army?
A) He had served in Congress.
B) He made himself available.
C) He looked like a military leader.
D) He was from Virginia.
E) He had military experience.
He had served in Congress
In response to American protests, in 1766 Parliament:
A) gave Americans representation in the House of Commons
B) repealed the Stamp Act
C) blamed George III for its mistaken policies
D) removed British troops from the colonies
E) issued an official apology
repealed the Stamp Act
Benedict Arnold became notorious late in the war by:
A) recruiting slaves into the American army
B) questioning Washington's fitness for command
C) going over to the British
D) selling weapons to Indians
E) trying to become a military dictator
going over to the British
The Revolution did all of the following EXCEPT:
A) foster a spirit of social equality
B) lower property requirements for the vote
C) limit opportunities to acquire land in the west
D) encourage greater participation in politics
E) establish American independence
limit opportunities to acquire land in the west
In late December 1776, George Washington was able to reverse American fortunes by:
A) recapturing New York City from the British
B) convincing Congress to give the army all the resources it needed
C) getting France and Spain to enter the conflict
D) destroying a British force outside of Boston
E) winning battles at Trenton and Princeton
winning battles at Trenton and Princeton
At the time of the Revolution, a republican form of government:
A) was considered a radical idea
B) had been adopted by most European countries
C) was believed to require the presence of a king
D) was supported by all Americans
E) was rejected by the first state constitutions
was considered a radical idea
On Christmas night 1776, Washington crossed the Delaware to defeat the:
A) Loyalists
B) Hessians
C) British
D) Iroquois
E) all of the above
Hessians
During the war, Benjamin Franklin's son, William:
A) was a prominent American general
B) served as minister to France
C) stayed loyal to Britain
D) deserted from the Continental army
E) earned his father's admiration
stayed loyal to Britain
The news of Yorktown inspired the British to:
A) recruit more soldiers
B) end the war
C) replace George III
D) sign a peace treaty with France
E) replace their commanders
end the war
Americans of the Revolutionary generation believed that a republic:
A) was compatible with military dictatorship
B) would give all white men the right to vote
C) required a virtuous citizenry
D) was guaranteed to be stable and enduring
E) would grow into a democracy
required a virtuous citizenry
A problem with the Spanish entry into the Revolution against Britain was that Spain:
A) entered as an ally of France rather than of the United States
B) demanded that the United States surrender Georgia as the price for its help
C) agreed to fight the British but only on the open seas
D) said it would attack only the British colonies in South America
E) demanded that the United States adopt monarchy
entered as an ally of France rather than of the United States
In 1778, Parliament adopted a program that granted all the American demands made prior to independence.
A) True
B) False
true
The Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom marked the general trend away from:
A) belief in God
B) religious diversity
C) public prayer
D) revivalism
E) state-supported churches
state-supported churches
The first conflicts of the American Revolution took place in South Carolina.
A) True
B) False
false
The American victory at Saratoga resulted in:
A) a new invasion of Canada
B) serious peace negotiations with the British
C) a huge increase in the size of the Continental army
D) France's entry on the American side
E) Dutch entry on the American side
France's entry on the American side
Benedict Arnold, originally a British officer, switched to the American side halfway through the war.
A) True
B) False
false
American settlers who defended Kentucky were led by:
A) Daniel Boone
B) George Rogers Clark
C) Ethan Allen
D) Francis Marion
E) Andrew Jackson
Daniel Boone
In the era of the Revolution, the northern states:
A) took steps to abolish slavery
B) elected a number of free blacks to office
C) gave free blacks full equality
D) outlawed racist language
E) sent many former slaves to Canada
took steps to abolish slavery
During the war, John Paul Jones became famous as an American:
A) spy
B) guerilla leader
C) diplomat
D) naval commander
E) sharpshooter
naval commander
As the new Constitution went into effect, Founding Fathers like Franklin and Washington viewed its future with feelings of:
A) supreme confidence
B) uncertainty
C) regret, since the Articles of Confederation were clearly better
D) God's approval
E) fear and loathing
uncertainty
Shays's Rebellion broke out in:
A) western Massachusetts
B) New York City
C) Rhode Island
D) Pennsylvania
E) Boston
western Massachusetts
The delegates who met:
A) arrived knowing what they wanted
B) tended to be elderly
C) wanted a weaker central government
D) included many participants in the Revolution
E) included John Adams and Thomas Jefferson
included many participants in the Revolution
Merchants suffered more than farmers by the separation from Great Britain.
A) True
B) False
true
Under the proposed constitution, members of the Senate would:
A) be appointed by state governors
B) be chosen by state legislatures
C) be chosen by popular vote
D) be men of substantial wealth
E) serve two-year terms
be chosen by state legislatures
The great majority of the Founding Fathers rejected:
A) division of federal and state authority
B) religion
C) property requirements for voting
D) federal taxation
E) rule by the people
rule by the people
The movement for states to issue paper money in the 1780s was led by:
A) artisans
B) creditors
C) farmers
D) merchants
E) ministers
farmers
The Founding Fathers viewed the most "democratic" branch of the government as the:
A) Senate
B) presidency
C) cabinet
D) House of Representatives
E) Supreme Court
House of Representatives
The president's powers were limited by all of the following EXCEPT:
A) Congress could override his vetoes
B) he could be impeached
C) he could not declare war
D) he would be chosen by popular vote
E) he could be convicted and removed from office
he would be chosen by popular vote
Federalists favored a decentralized federal system of government.
A) True
B) False
false
Which one of the following gave the Confederation government the most trouble?
A) immigration policy
B) Indian affairs
C) finances
D) land policy
E) postal service
finances
The New Jersey Plan proposed to keep a unicameral legislature with equal representation for each state.
A) True
B) False
true
The convention's most gifted political philosopher and man who emerged as its central figure was:
A) Patrick Henry
B) George Washington
C) Ben Franklin
D) Alexander Hamilton
E) James Madison
James Madison
By raising taxes in the early 1780s, the Confederation was able to reduce the national debt.
A) True
B) False
false
Madison's Virginia Plan:
A) would create a two-house Congress
B) was most favored by the small states
C) would simply amend the Articles of Confederation
D) would create a president for life
E) would abolish the state governments
would create a two-house Congress
Anti-Federalist leaders:
A) tended to be wealthier than their Federalist opponents
B) often were better organized and prepared than their Federalist opponents
C) had been the chief proponents of a stronger central government at the Constitutional Convention
D) tended to be younger than their Federalist counterparts
E) wanted a Bill of Rights to protect individuals from the new government
wanted a Bill of Rights to protect individuals from the new government
In 1840, American literacy rates:
A) were lowest in New England
B) had begun to decline
C) remained shockingly low
D) were the highest in the Western world
E) were impressive due to compulsory school laws
were the highest in the Western world
The Supreme Court in Gibbons v. Ogden settled a controversy over:
A) federal land sales
B) canal construction
C) steamboat commerce
D) state-chartered colleges
E) voting rights
steamboat commerce
The naval battle on Lake Erie resulted in:
A) the end of British naval supremacy
B) American control of Canada
C) a British invasion of New York
D) the death of Tecumseh
E) Commodore Perry's glorious victory
Commodores Perry's glorious victory
All of the following were prominent Whig politicians EXCEPT:
A) Henry Clay
B) John Tyler
C) Daniel Webster
D) Martin Van Buren
E) William Henry Harrison
Martin Van Buren
The nature of work was transformed for numerous Americans by:
A) scientific farming methods
B) government regulations
C) free land in the West
D) the growing factory system
E) advances in education
the growing factory system
The period of 1815-1914 in Europe saw many major wars.
A) True
B) False
false
Marbury v. Madison was sparked by one of President Adams's "midnight appointments."
A) True
B) False
true
James Monroe:
A) had limited political experience before becoming president
B) like Madison, was a Virginia Republican
C) suffered from alcoholism and bouts of depression
D) was the first president born after the Revolution
E) enthusiastically supported Madison's policies of economic nationalism
like Madison, was a Virginia Republican
In regard to religion, the Constitution:
A) expresses hostility toward religion
B) reflects the atheism of the Founding Fathers
C) prevents Congress from establishing an official religion
D) prohibits the states from having official churches
E) makes the United States a Christian nation
prevents Congress from establishing an official religion
Which of the following is NOT a pull factor for coming to the United States?
A) Land
B) Opportunity
C) Sanitation
D) Freedom
sanitation
Positive attributes of the potato included all of the following except
A) easy to store
B) sizable yield when harvested
C) low fat
D) high fat
high fat
The Trail of Tears resulted in:
A) Jackson's change of heart about Indian removal
B) a sad, but uneventful transfer of Indians to Oklahoma
C) Jackson's diminished popularity in the South and West
D) the death of thousands of Indians
E) the complete eradication of the Creeks and Seminoles
the death of thousands of Indians
Tecumseh was a Shawnee leader who supported the United States in the War of 1812.
A) True
B) False
false
Ironically, Thomas Jefferson's embargo in 1807:
A) ended Republican control of the government
B) helped perpetuate slavery
C) led to a significant increase in American manufacturing
D) boosted the British economy
E) encouraged farmers to grow less foodstuffs and more cotton
led to a significant increase in American manufacturing
Lyman Beecher's anti-Catholic sermons in 1834:
A) provoked a mob to attack the Ursuline Convent in Charlestown, Massachusetts
B) were met with great praise throughout the United States
C) provoked mob attacks on many churches in New York
D) were endorsed by Congress
E) caused the northern and southern Baptists to reunite
provoked a mob attack the Ursuline
Once in office, Jefferson set out to dismantle Hamilton's Federalist economic program.
A) True
B) False
false
Which group received the worst reception in the U.S.?
A) Germans
B) All answers listed
C) Irish
D) British
E) Chinese
Chinese
In Worcester v. Georgia, the Marshall court:
A) backed states' rights over federal authority
B) took the side of the Cherokees
C) supported Georgia's control of all lands in its boundaries
D) ordered the relocation of the Cherokees to the West
E) forced Jackson to protect Cherokee land titles
took the side of the Cherokees
Under the Navigation Act of 1817, importation of West Indian produce:
A) was prohibited
B) had to go through Britain first
C) was restricted to American vessels or vessels belonging to West Indian merchants
D) was only allowed in southern U.S. ports
E) was exempt from taxation
was restricted to American vessels or vessels belonging to West Indian merchants
Madison and Jefferson objected to the national bank primarily because:
A) they believed in a strict interpretation of the Constitution
B) they felt it was not powerful enough to meet the nation's financial needs
C) too many of Hamilton's friends had acquired bank stock
D) it would be located in New York rather than Virginia
E) it would cost the government too much money
they believed in a strict interpretation of the Constitution
To President Jefferson, one major incentive to purchase Louisiana was to:
A) acquire new ports on the Pacific
B) spend some of the surplus money in the Treasury
C) secure American access to the Mississippi River and New Orleans
D) prove that the United States had become a world power
E) gain the support of the Federalists
secure American access to the Mississippi River and New Orleans
The Monroe Doctrine's effectiveness in preventing the restoration of Spain's colonies depended upon British naval supremacy.
A) True
B) False
true
The Missouri Compromise stipulated that in the rest of the Louisiana Purchase north of 36°30??:
A) there would be no restrictions on slavery
B) slavery would be excluded
C) free blacks could not become citizens
D) slaves would become free at age 25
E) majority rule would determine whether slavery would be legal
slavery would be excluded
Horace Mann is most closely associated with
A) public school.
B) prison reform.
C) Canada.
D) mental health.
public schools
Expanding European populations is an example of a
A) push factors
B) shift factor
C) pull factors
D) none of the choices listed
push factors
The election of 1800 did all of the following EXCEPT:
A) cause Federalist rioting in the streets of the capital
B) show the emergence of a more democratic politics
C) elevate Jefferson to the presidency
D) bring slaveholding Republicans into power
E) mark the first time an opposition party came to power
cause Federalist rioting in the streets of the capital
By the 1820s, the right to vote had generally been extended to:
A) women
B) Indians
C) adult white males
D) all of the above
E) blacks
adult white males
All of the following factors contributed to the panic of 1837 EXCEPT the:
A) wave of failures of state banks
B) depression in Britain
C) tariff of 1835, which had lowered duties to dangerous levels
D) withdrawal of European investments
E) failure of the 1836 wheat crop
tariff of 1835, which had lowered duties to dangerous levels
The Louisiana Purchase was made possible by:
A) Britain's support of the U.S. effort
B) the fact that France offered it for free
C) Napoléon's disastrous setback in Haiti
D) Jefferson's threat to take the land by force
E) the political backing of the Federalists
Napoleon's disastrous setback in Haiti
All of the following are true of Brook Farm EXCEPT:
A) it was an effort in cooperative living
B) it was established by transcendentalists
C) it was long lasting
D) it was a secular utopian community
E) it was located near Boston
it was long lasting
*Unitarianism:
A) claimed to be the only true religion
B) became the country's largest denomination by 1830
C) insisted upon the divinity of Jesus
D) was a form of traditional Puritanism
E) was especially strong in Boston
was especially strong in Boston--stressed reason and conscience
Which of the following opposed a national bank in 1816?
A) Henry Clay
B) James Madison
C) John Quincy Adams
D) John C. Calhoun
E) Daniel Webster
Daniel Webster
All of the following were presidential candidates in 1836 EXCEPT:
A) Andrew Jackson
B) William Henry Harrison
C) Martin Van Buren
D) Hugh Lawson White
E) Daniel Webster
Andrew Jackson
The Transcontinental Treaty of 1819:
A) extended the boundary of Louisiana to the Pacific
B) strengthened the U.S. claim to Texas
C) recognized Spanish control of Florida
D) brought permanent peace with Britain
E) was negotiated by John C. Calhoun
extended the boundary of Louisiana to the Pacific
Which of the following is NOT true of Charles Finney?
A) He preached at marathon revivals.
B) He rejected the doctrine of predestination.
C) He was an active Universalist preacher.
D) He became president of Oberlin College.
E) He was active in New York's burned-over district.
He was an active Universalist preacher
All of the following characterized the United States by the time of Andrew Jackson's election EXCEPT:
A) increasing production for a national rather than a local market
B) a dynamic economy absent of panics or depressions
C) greater regional specialization in terms of production
D) an increasing number of wage laborers toiling in factories
E) dramatic population growth, especially in urban areas
a dynamic economy absent of panics or depressions
The Know-Nothings proposed to:
A) lengthen the time required to become a citizen
B) stop all immigration
C) build a fence along U.S. borders
D) send immigrants back to Europe
E) ban the use of all languages except English
lengthen the time required to become a citizen
The Rush-Bagot Agreement:
A) settled the boundary dispute with Florida
B) was a formal treaty dealing with trade with the British West Indies
C) allowed more British to immigrate to the United States
D) dealt with fishing rights off Newfoundland
E) ended naval competition on the Great Lakes by limiting naval forces there
ended naval competition on the Great Lakes by limiting naval forces there
The Missouri Compromise was almost undone when Missouri put into its constitution a provision excluding free blacks and mulattoes.
A) True
B) False
true
Alexander Hamilton believed the U.S. economy should remain predominantly agricultural.
A) True
B) False
false
By the mid-1790s, Americans became incensed with the British over:
A) Britain's refusal to recognize American independence
B) British seizure of American merchant vessels
C) Britain's support for the French Revolution
D) high British taxes on American imports
E) the British engaging in war with France
British seizure of American merchant vessels
The irony of Jackson's political philosophy is that:
A) his opposition to an independent Treasury was based on his belief in centralizing the functions of government
B) his laissez-faire rationale for republican simplicity became the justification for the unregulated growth of centers of economic power
C) the special privileges he urged for in business led to wide-scale abuse
D) his concern for the common man came at a time of extremely low voter participation
E) despite his elite status, his policies inspired many Americans to become socialists
his laissez-faire rationale for republican simplicity became the justification for the unregulated growth of centers of economic power
The two historians I told you to know were Darren Pierson and
A) Stephen Bainbridge
B) Frederick Douglass
C) Frederick Jackson Turner
D) Elvis Presley
Frederick Jackson Turner
By the 1850s, railroads had begun to receive encouragement from the federal government in the form of:
A) a ban on further canal construction
B) military protection
C) advertising
D) monetary backing
E) land grants
land grants
As a result of the Eaton affair, President Jackson:
A) began to distrust Martin Van Buren
B) drew closer to Martin Van Buren
C) began to distrust John Eaton
D) drew closer to John C. Calhoun
E) became less sympathetic toward women
drew closer to Martin Van Buren
The Tenth Amendment to the Constitution:
A) protected the right to bear arms
B) guaranteed certain civil rights for African Americans
C) guaranteed free speech and the right of assembly
D) prohibited the national government from interfering in the religious beliefs or practices of any citizen
E) said that powers not specifically given to the national government remained with the states or the people
said that powers not specifically given to the national government remained with the states or the people
The Judiciary Act of 1801:
A) created three new positions on the Supreme Court
B) was the first act passed by the Republicans
C) allowed federal judges to be impeached under the Sedition Act
D) was the legacy of the Federalists as they left office
E) was vetoed by President Jefferson
was the legacy of the Federalists as they left office
The slogan "Millions for defense but not one cent for tribute" is associated with the XYZ affair.
A) True
B) False
true
The slogan "Millions for defense but not one cent for tribute" is associated with the XYZ affair.
A) True
B) False
false
The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions argued that:
A) states could decide if laws were unconstitutional
B) taxes imposed by Congress were unconstitutional
C) immigrants should be expelled from the country if they were not loyal to the American cause
D) the "freedom of speech" clause in the Bill of Rights did not apply to purely political rhetoric
E) new Western states should be admitted as quickly as possible
states could decide if laws were unconstitutional
Conflicts with Britain and France in the 1790s created a spirit of national unity.
A) True
B) False
false
Hamilton's plan to fund the national debt at its full face value would most benefit:
A) farmers
B) military veterans
C) speculators
D) Congressmen
E) Southerners
speculators
By 1790, America:
A) had less than a million people
B) reached from the Atlantic to the Appalachians
C) remained a predominantly rural society
D) was free of significant regional differences
E) was confident of success under its new constitution
remained a predominantly rural society
All of the following were liabilities for Adams when he ran for reelection EXCEPT:
A) his pursuit of peace with France
B) Hamilton's questions about his fitness for office
C) disapproval of the Alien and Sedition Acts
D) evidence he enriched himself in office
E) suggestions that he was a monarchist
evidence he enriched himself in office
On the issue of the assumption of state debts, James Madison agreed with Alexander Hamilton.
A) True
B) False
false
The Treaty of Greenville was an agreement between the United States and:
A) Britain
B) France
C) Spain
D) Indians on the northwest frontier
E) Canada
Indians on the northwest frontier
In foreign affairs, Americans became deeply divided in the 1790s over:
A) the French Revolution
B) relations with Spain
C) the rise of Napoléon
D) Britain's interference with the slave trade
E) European colonization in Africa and Asia
the French Revolution
Washington's first presidential veto was on Hamilton's bill for a national bank.
A) True
B) False
false
The politician involved in partisan attacks on John Adams while he served as Adams's vice president was:
A) Alexander Hamilton
B) Thomas Jefferson
C) John Jay
D) James Madison
E) Aaron Burr
Thomas Jefferson
In regard to state debts, Hamilton proposed that:
A) they be canceled
B) the federal government take them over
C) they be paid off by an income tax
D) creditors get back only half their money
E) the British be forced to pay them
they be paid off by an income tax
Opposition to Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey was strongest among:
A) merchants
B) Federalists
C) veterans
D) frontier farmers
E) church-goers
frontier farmers
The first Supreme Court:
A) had nine members
B) was picked by Congress
C) was led by chief justice John Adams
D) required its justices to serve on circuit courts as well
E) limited its justices to six-year terms
was picked by Congress
Thomas Jefferson signed an act outlawing the foreign slave trade as of 1808.
A) True
B) False
true
James Madison followed Thomas Jefferson as president.
A) True
B) False
true
In the aftermath of the War of 1812:
A) Americans took decisive action against the Barbary pirates in the Mediterranean
B) the Barbary pirates defeated the small U.S. Navy and forced President Madison into an expensive settlement
C) the U.S. government paid tribute to the Barbary pirates to avoid an additional war with them
D) America and the Barbary states reached a peaceful settlement concerning shipping rights off the Barbary Coast
E) the United States, Britain, and France combined to defeat the Barbary pirates
Americans took decisive action against the Barbary pirates in the Mediterranean
The greatest support for the declaration of war in 1812 came from:
A) the New England area
B) the areas in which commerce and international trade were a primary occupation
C) the manufacturing centers
D) the agricultural regions from Pennsylvania southward and westward
E) the Old Republicans
the agriculture regions from Pennsylvania southward and westward
The Hartford Convention illustrated deep opposition to the war in:
A) the South
B) New England
C) New York
D) the West
E) Congress
New England
From 1763 to 1803, the Louisiana Territory belonged to France.
A) True
B) False
false
Jefferson's policy and political successes were indicated when ________ became a Republican.
A) Thomas Pickering
B) John Quincy Adams
C) Daniel Boone
D) Aaron Burr
E) Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton
Lewis and Clark's expedition:
A) gave the United States a claim to Oregon
B) was a spectacular failure
C) fought against Spaniards in Texas
D) encountered no friendly Indians
E) concluded that the West was uninhabitable
gave the United States a claim to Oregon
President Jefferson's cabinet:
A) included no one from New England
B) was marked for its mediocrity
C) included Madison as secretary of state
D) never actually met
included Madison as secretary of state
President Madison's attempts to deal with British and French interference with American trade:
A) were far more effective than Jefferson's
B) showed his belief in peace at any price
C) boosted the domestic economy
D) revealed that Napoléon could be trusted
E) led to war with the British
boosted the domestic economy
William Henry Harrison was the American hero at the Battle of New Orleans.
A) True
B) False
false
The Essex Junto was:
A) a group of New Englanders who supported the Louisiana Purchase
B) the name given to Republican supporters of Aaron Burr
C) an extremist group of Federalists in New England who developed the idea of secession from the Union
D) the primary supporter of Jefferson's Embargo Act
E) Jefferson's most trusted group of political advisers
an extremist group of Federalists in New England who developed the idea of secession from the Union
All of the following are true of the Louisiana Purchase EXCEPT:
A) it was Jefferson's greatest achievement as president
B) the United States acquired an immensity of new territory
C) it was easily approved by the Senate
D) it was clearly constitutional
E) it soon led to further territorial acquisition
it was clearly constitutional
Jefferson's inauguration was notable for:
A) its sharp partisan tone
B) the impassioned delivery of his speech
C) its being the first in Washington, D.C.
D) the luxurious surroundings
E) its immediate call to arms
its being the first in Washington, D.C.
Jefferson showed his commitment to limited government by:
A) cutting military spending
B) selling the national bank
C) ending the tariff
D) abolishing the post office
E) canceling the national debt
cutting military spending
At Horseshoe Bend, Andrew Jackson won a smashing victory over the:
A) Cherokees
B) Shawnees
C) British
D) Spaniards
E) Creeks
Creeks
Following the War of 1812, President Madison endorsed:
A) increasing purchases of British goods
B) a return to agriculture
C) reducing the size of the navy
D) a national university
E) abolition of slavery
a national university
In the first half of the nineteenth century internal improvements:
A) finally became the responsibility of the national government
B) were supported mainly by people in the West
C) were supported mainly by people in New England and the South
D) were supported mainly by people who held to a strict interpretation of the Constitution
E) caused the national debt to skyrocket
were supported mainly by people in the West
The phrase "Era of Good Feelings" resulted from President Monroe's tour of:
A) New England
B) Canada
C) the West
D) Pennsylvania
E) the Deep South
New England
All of the following were presidential candidates in 1824 EXCEPT:
A) Andrew Jackson
B) William Crawford
C) John Calhoun
D) John Quincy Adams
E) Henry Clay
John Calhoun
The immediate cause of the Panic of 1819 was:
A) the flooding of the American market with cheap British goods
B) the collapse of the Bank of the United States
C) the Transcontinental Treaty of 1819
D) the difficulty of obtaining credit
E) a sudden collapse of cotton prices
a sudden collapse of cotton prices
In 1824, the United States signed a treaty with Russia concerning:
A) claims in Alaska
B) claims in Oregon
C) trading rights in the Atlantic
D) trading rights in the Pacific
E) regulation of fishing and whaling
claims in Oregon
One of John Quincy Adams's major shortcomings as president was his lack of:
A) intellect
B) experience
C) ideas for the nation's future
D) personal energy
E) political skills
political skills
In Latin America by the early 1820s:
A) Spain had lost nearly all its colonies
B) Russia was expanding its influence
C) Britain was aggressively acquiring new colonies
D) American missionaries were becoming more active
E) Argentina and Mexico were becoming world powers
Spain had lost nearly all its colonies
The United States experienced a period of economic prosperity in the years after the War of 1812.
A) True
B) False
true
Support for the Tariff of 1816 came primarily from the South.
A) True
B) False
false
The new Bank of the United States created in 1816:
A) served as a depository for federal funds
B) was opposed by President Madison
C) was totally owned by the government
D) would be located in Washington, D.C.
E) would be forbidden to issue paper money
served as a depository for federal funds
As president, which of the following did Adams NOT propose?
A) to support internal improvements
B) to create a department of the interior
C) to establish a national university
D) to promote science
E) to create a new national bank
to create a new national bank
The 1824 election was ultimately decided by:
A) the Electoral College
B) popular vote
C) a Supreme Court ruling
D) the House of Representatives
E) the stance of the candidates on the major issues
the House of Representatives
In the presidential election of 1828:
A) John C. Calhoun won the South but lost in New England
B) John C. Calhoun won New England but lost in the South
C) most of Andrew Jackson's support was in New England
D) Adams won all of New England except for one of Maine's nine electoral votes
E) Jackson carried every state
Adams won all of New England except for one of Maine's nine electoral votes
The Supreme Court ruled that congressional power to regulate commerce "is complete in itself" and "may be exercised to its utmost extent" in:
A) Fletcher v. Peck
B) Gibbons v. Ogden
C) Dartmouth College v. Woodward
D) Cohens v. Virginia
E) McCulloch v. Maryland
Gibbons v. Ogden
Osceola led the Seminole resistance to their removal from their lands.
A) True
B) False
true
All of the following were prominent Whig politicians EXCEPT:
A) Martin Van Buren
B) Henry Clay
C) Daniel Webster
D) William Henry Harrison
E) John Tyler
Martin Van Buren
In regard to banks and banking policy, Jackson:
A) wanted to abolish all banks
B) supported banks if strictly regulated by the government
C) much preferred hard money to paper currency
D) gave banks credit for the economy's expansion
E) believed banks had made credit too available
much preferred hard money to paper currency
The Indian Removal Act of 1830:
A) allowed Indians who wished to become American citizens to remain on their homeland
B) became law after Congress overrode Jackson's veto
C) proposed moving Indian tribes to areas west of the Mississippi River
D) contained loopholes designed to exclude peaceful Indians from removal
E) showed Jackson's willingness to pursue policies that might hurt his popularity
proposed moving Indian tribes to areas west of the Mississippi River
Most Whigs were states' rights advocates.
A) True
B) False
false
Martin Van Buren was known as the Little Magician due to his:
A) miraculous election as president in 1836
B) skill as a professional politician
C) ability to get the country out of a depression
D) success in building the Whig coalition
E) seeming ability to read the mind of Jackson
skill as a professional politician
Despite the fact that Andrew Jackson continually opposed federal aid to local projects, he did support:
A) the national bank
B) all of the Supreme Court's decisions
C) interstate projects such as the National Road
D) federal programs to help the poor
E) increased spending that would enlarge the national debt
interstate projects such as the National Road
President Jackson's response to the nullification crisis was to ask Congress to raise the tariff.
A) True
B) False
false
President Jackson's attitude toward the Supreme Court's decision in Worcester v. Georgia was:
A) elation
B) sadness
C) acquiescence
D) defiance
E) nonconcern
defiance
According to the "progressive" historians, Jackson:
A) led a vast democratic movement against the abuses of the "Monster" bank
B) promoted democratic reforms only for political expediency
C) caused a decline in voter turnout during the 1830s by his lack of concern for issues touching the daily lives of the common man
D) supported the national bank and federal aid to internal improvements because he stood to benefit financially from them
E) unsurprisingly supported elite interests, since he was himself a man of great wealth
led a vast democratic movement against the abuses of the "Monster" bank
Andrew Jackson's soldiers nicknamed him:
A) Indian Killer
B) Honest Jack
C) the Little Magician
D) Old Hickory
E) Stonewall
Old Hickory
How many states joined South Carolina in repudiating the tariff acts of 1828 and 1832?
A) none
B) two southern states and one northern state
C) three northern states and one southern state
D) five states, all in the South
E) only Virginia and Kentucky
none
Before he became president, Andrew Jackson:
A) killed a man in a duel
B) was a popular general
C) fought the British in the Revolution
D) had experienced youthful poverty
E) all of the above
all of the above
Jackson viewed the Bank of the United States as:
A) a valued source of credit for small farmers
B) a "monster" that served the interests of a wealthy few
C) necessary for issuing paper money that stabilized the economy
D) justified by the "necessary and proper" clause of the Constitution
E) a source of national unity because it served the whole country
a "monster" that served the interests of a wealthy few
William Henry Harrison:
A) was a leader of the states' rights wing of the Whigs
B) was known as the Little Magician
C) had defeated the Shawnees at Tippecanoe
D) directed the Bank of the United States until Jackson destroyed it
E) like Jackson, was born in frontier poverty
had defeated the Shawnees at Tippecanoe
After the panic of 1837, working-class Americans could expect all of the following EXCEPT:
A) government assistance
B) massive joblessness
C) wage cuts
D) high prices for food and clothes
E) numerous bank failures
government assistance
The women's rights movement secured the vote for women in several states before 1860.
A) True
B) False
false
By 1860, public high schools:
A) charged high tuition
B) emphasized math and science
C) attracted only the best teachers
D) remained few in number
E) held classes nine months per year
remained few in number
The temperance movement was motivated by all the following EXCEPT:
A) binge-drinking among college students
B) religious concerns
C) the need for a sober industrial labor force
D) the effects of alcoholism on women and families
E) the desire of reformers to improve society
binge-drinking among college students
All of the following are true of the transcendentalists EXCEPT that they:
A) were largely based in New England
B) rejected Romanticism due to their intellectual faith in reason
C) studied various Eastern religions
D) often disagreed with one another
E) included male and female ministers and reformers
rejected Romanticism due to their intellectual faith in reason
Most of the utopian communities of the early nineteenth century:
A) received funding from the government
B) saw their ideas quickly become accepted by the public
C) were established inside major cities
D) quickly became failures
E) were led by religious extremists
quickly became failures
Dorothea Lynde Dix directed her reform efforts at:
A) insane asylums
B) public education
C) women's rights
D) slavery
E) temperance
insane asylums
Lucretia Mott wrote A Treatise on Domestic Economy.
A) True
B) False
false
Through the 1830s and early 1840s, Mormons:
A) cooperated closely with Methodists and Baptists
B) remained confined to western New York
C) denied that they were Christians
D) generated hostility from non-Mormons
E) remained a small cult with a few hundred members
generated hostility from non-Mormons
Henry David Thoreau best exhibited his transcendentalist perspective when he:
A) studied philosophy at Harvard
B) became a successful writer and lecturer
C) worked in his father's pencil factory
D) became Ralph Waldo Emerson's teacher
E) lived in a cabin at Walden Pond
lived in a cabin at Walden Pond
Peter Cartwright was president of Oberlin College.
A) True
B) False
false
Edgar Allan Poe based several of his novels (such as Typee and Omoo) on his experiences aboard an Australian whaler.
A) True
B) False
false
Deists:
A) believed in an all-powerful God
B) argued for the literal truth of the Bible
C) included Founding Fathers such as Jefferson and Franklin
D) were basically atheists
E) felt the United States should have an official religion
included Founding Fathers such as Jefferson and Franklin
Margaret Fuller edited The Dial, a Transcendentalist journal.
A) True
B) False
true
In response to the Mexican War, Thoreau:
A) refused to pay his poll tax
B) joined the army
C) organized anti-war rallies
D) tore up his draft card
E) wrote a book called Walden
refused to pay his poll tax
Which of the following religious movements arising in the nineteenth century attracted mainly workers and poor people?
A) Calvinism
B) Deism
C) Unitarianism
D) Universalism
E) Episcopalianism
universalism
Camp meetings and circuit riders appealed most to:
A) New Englanders
B) Deists
C) city dwellers
D) the educated
E) frontier people
frontier people
Members of the Shaker community:
A) believed that Jesus Christ had returned to earth in the 1820s
B) practiced free love and polygamy
C) were not permitted to leave after their "initiation"
D) practiced celibacy and owned everything in common
E) increased their numbers by having large families
practiced celibacy and owned everything in common
The first American college to admit both blacks and women was:
A) Duke
B) Oberlin
C) Vassar
D) William and Mary
E) Yale
Oberlin
By 1840, most colleges:
A) admitted women
B) had thousands of students
C) allowed students to take elective courses
D) emphasized technical training
E) were affiliated with churches
were affiliated with churches
The burned-over district was:
A) the southern frontier
B) the coastal areas of the Carolinas
C) western New York
D) the Appalachian region
E) the Mississippi Valley
western New York
The rapidly growing church that broke away from Anglicanism in the 1780s was the ______ church.
A) Episcopalian
B) Methodist
C) Unitarian
D) Presbyterian
E) Baptist
Methodist
Herman Melville's great novels made him rich and famous.
A) True
B) False
false
Mormon leader Joseph Smith was an advocate of "plural marriage."
A) True
B) False
true
Universalists believed that:
A) the universe is continually expanding
B) rich people are blessed by God
C) God predestined only a few for salvation
D) everyone can be saved
E) Americans are God's chosen people
everyone can be saved
Emily Dickinson:
A) wrote The Scarlet Letter, one of the first feminist novels
B) lived and worked in New York City
C) published only a few poems in her lifetime
D) quit writing after she got married
E) wrote poems that reflected the sunny optimism of her era
published only a few poems in her lifetime
The Southern state that by 1860 had done the most to advance public education was:
A) Virginia
B) Texas
C) Alabama
D) Georgia
E) North Carolina
North Carolina
Brigham Young:
A) rejected Joseph Smith's teachings on plural marriage
B) completely revised the Book of Mormon
C) declared war on Joseph Smith's killers
D) led the Mormons to Utah
E) founded a Mormon university
led the Mormons to Utah
Camp meetings often gave women an opportunity to:
A) exhibit their preaching skills
B) be leaders outside the home
C) talk about their husbands' sins
D) show off their Bible knowledge
E) take classes from local educators
be leaders outside the home
The Dred Scott Supreme Court ruling
A) was in 1857.
B) stated that slaves and their offspring could never be citizens.
C) argued that Federal property rights could not be lost without compensation as required by eminent domain.
D) said the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional.
E) all choices listed.
all choices listed
The most significant political challenges between 1820 and 1860 as discussed in class all centered on
A) slavery
B) states rights
C) expansion of slavery
D) nativism.
expansion of slavery
Abe Lincoln won the election of 1860 because
A) the South voted overwhelmingly Republican.
B) Northern Democrats supported John Breckinridge.
C) the North's population was larger than that of the South.
D) the Constitution required at least two regions to support a successful candidate.
the North's population was larger than that of the South
The party led by Madison and Jefferson that opposed Hamilton was the:
A) Federalists
B) Constitutionalists
C) Unionists
D) Republicans
E) Anti-Federalists
Republicans
Pontiac's Rebellion involved all of the following EXCEPT:
A) Indian rejection of the terms of the Treaty of Paris
B) the leadership of an Ottawa chief by that name
C) the return of French soldiers to Canada
D) Indian attacks on the British frontier
E) British use of germ warfare against the Indians
the return of French soldiers to Canada
The Kansas Nebraska Act
A) allowed for popular sovereignty to decide the fate of slavery in the two territories.
B) was designed to help build a transcontinental railroad from Chicago to California.
C) was championed by Stephen Douglas.
D) all choices listed.
all choices listed
The Fugitive Slave Act
A) only applied in California.
B) allowed slaves freedom if they escaped to the North.
C) all choices listed.
D) was part of the Compromise of 1850.
was part of the Compromise of 1850
One result of the Great Awakening was that it spurred an increase in the number of:
A) suicides
B) marriages
C) witch crazes
D) colleges
E) slave rebellions
colleges
In the case of Commonwealth v. Hunt, the Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled that:
A) immigration quotas established in the late 1830s were constitutional
B) employers could not hire strikebreakers
C) immigration quotas established in the late 1830s were
unconstitutional
D) forming a trade union was illegal
E) forming a trade union was not illegal
forming a trade union was not illegal
Martin Van Buren was a native of North Carolina and had served two terms as that state's governor.
A) True
B) False
false
As a result of the Boston Massacre:
A) the Sons of Liberty adopted peaceful methods
B) Sam Adams defended the British soldiers
C) Americans now quietly paid their taxes
D) all but two of the British defendants were acquitted
E) dozens of Americans were killed by the British
all but two of the British defendants were acquitted
The Missouri Compromise
A) brought Maine into the Union as a slave state.
B) all choices listed.
C) made slavery illegal south of 36 degrees 30 minutes North latitude.
D) outlawed slavery north of 36 degrees 30 minutes North latitude.
outlawed slavery north of 36 degrees 30 minutes North latitude
During the Civil War, Congress passed:
A) a number of laws designed to ease the transition of the southern states from the Confederacy back into the Union
B) the Morrill Tariff, which halved the average level of import duties
C) laws for the strict regulation of railroads and factories
D) the Pullen Agriculture Act, which set standards governing tenancy on small farms
E) the Homestead Act of 1862, which gave 160 acres to settlers who lived on the land for five years
the Homestead Act of 1862, which gave 160 acres to settlers who lived on the land for five years
If poor southern whites seemed lazy it was likely because of:
A) lack of exercise
B) genetics
C) the heat
D) dietary deficiencies and diseases like hookworm
E) the presence of slaves
dietary deficiencies and disease like hookworm
Charles Beard's writings on the Constitution at least caution us against:
A) separation of church and state
B) hero worship
C) intervening in the affairs of other countries
D) excessive democracy
E) states' rights
hero worship
At the First Battle of Bull Run:
A) Union forces almost captured Richmond
B) Union industrial supremacy proved decisive
C) Union forces won easily
D) Thomas Jackson earned his nickname
E) Confederates showed greater courage
Thomas Jackson earned his nickname
Denmark Vesey plotted a slave insurrection in Charleston, South Carolina.
A) True
B) False
true
As a result of the War of 1812, President Madison:
A) is recognized as a great president
B) learned the value of some Federalist policies
C) ran for a third term
D) was even more committed to limited government
E) switched parties
learned the value of some Federalist policies
Benjamin Franklin believed a major reason for colonial population growth was:
A) couples marrying later than in Europe
B) government bounties for large families
C) rapid advances in medical science
D) an abundance of cheap land
E) English immunity to contagious diseases
an abundance of cheap land
The first minister of the Privy Council Robert Walpole's relaxed policy toward the colonies:
A) enabled the Americans to pursue greater political independence
B) was seen as a positive policy in colonial relations by the crown
C) reflected his lack of interest in his official duties
D) was criticized by the king
E) resulted in his impeachment
enabled the Americans to pursue greater political independence
Lincoln's second inaugural address:
A) called for revenge on the South
B) declared the war was now over
C) was a plea for reconciliation
D) disappointed most his audience
E) showed his indifference to religion
was a plea for reconciliation
The "black codes" enacted by southern legislatures:
A) forbade blacks to marry
B) tried to restore key elements of slavery
C) proved the success of Johnson's Reconstruction plan
D) showed the South's spirit of conciliation
E) were accepted by Congress
tried to restore key elements of slavery
Anne Hutchinson was kicked out of Massachusetts for:
A) challenging the authority of local ministers
B) insufficient knowledge of the Bible
C) championing equal rights for women
D) believing good works would earn a place in heaven
E) refusing to uphold the Sabbath
challenging the authority of local ministers
The British used the 1805 Essex decision as an excuse to:
A) seize American ships
B) close the West Indies to American trade
C) reopen trade with France
D) cancel Jay's Treaty
E) blockade American ports
blockade American ports
As a result of its defeat in the war, France:
A) became an ally of the British
B) lost all of its territory in North America
C) had to pay a huge sum for war damages
D) removed all its settlers from Louisiana
E) ceased to be a great power
lost all of its territory in North America
The New England textile industry's use of water power:
A) made its products more expensive
B) was never a source of controversy
C) dramatically altered the region's ecology
D) dried up some rivers completely
E) largely ended by 1850 as factories switched to steam power
dramatically altered the region's ecology
Anti-draft rioters in New York City especially targeted for their violence:
A) African Americans
B) southern sympathizers
C) abolitionists
D) military recruiters
E) recently arrived immigrants
African Americans
In his inaugural speech, Lincoln:
A) said the Union is eternal
B) promised to abolish slavery
C) was angry and defiant toward the South
D) called for military volunteers
E) basically told the seceded states "good riddance"
said the Union is eternal
John A. Sutter:
A) established the trading post that became Sacramento
B) negotiated the Webster-Ashburton Treaty for the United States
C) became the most famous western explorer
D) was the captain of the Creole
E) intrigued with the British for control of Oregon
established the trading post that become Sacramento
Which war hawk loudly proclaimed that his state of Kentucky was ready to march on Canada and acquire its lucrative fur trade?
A) Felix Grundy
B) John Randolph
C) John C. Calhoun
D) Henry Clay
E) Andrew Jackson
Henry Clay
The British defeat at New Orleans is best explained by:
A) Andrew Jackson's military genius
B) their attack upon a strong defensive position
C) prior awareness that a peace treaty had been signed
D) their loss of energy in the southern heat
E) the sharpshooting of the Americans
Andrew Jackson's military genius
Which of the following provided most of the money raised by the Continental Congress for the Revolution?
A) contributions from patriotic citizens
B) new issues of paper money
C) direct taxes on the American people
D) requisitions from the states
E) loans from foreign countries
new issues of paper money
Andrew Jackson:
A) served as President Monroe's secretary of state
B) worked hard to revive the Federalist party
C) was elected to the U.S. Senate from Tennessee in 1823
D) is correctly represented by all the above statements
E) supported a national bank and a protective tariff
was elected to the U.S. Senate from Tennessee in 1823
Zachary Taylor's decisive victory at the Battle of Buena Vista led to an immediate Mexican surrender.
A) True
B) False
false
By the antebellum period, all of the following remained significant staple crops in the South EXCEPT:
A) cotton
B) tobacco
C) sugar
D) rice
E) indigo
indigo
Christopher "Kit" Carson was one of the most famous and knowledgeable of the mountain men.
A) True
B) False
true
William Laud ruled Britain as "lord protector" through most of the 1650s.
A) True
B) False
false
Which of the following were the two key powers of the colonial assemblies?
A) the power to appoint governors and the power to remove them
B) the power to vote on taxes and expenditures and the power to initiate legislation
C) the power to approve taxes and the power to approve the appointments of the governor
D) the power to set times of elections and the power to grant pardons
E) the power to approve appointments of the governor and the power to override his vetoes
the power to vote on taxes and expenditures and the power to initiate legislation
The Mexican ban on American immigration to Texas:
A) was ineffective
B) halted the flood of immigrants to the area
C) went into effect in 1820
D) was necessary because Americans in Texas already numbered almost half the Mexican population there
E) caused the United States to break diplomatic relations with Mexico
was ineffective
Most of the American settlers in Texas went there because of:
A) furs
B) gold and other mineral deposits
C) cheap cotton lands
D) trading opportunities with the Indians and the Mexicans
E) legal problems in the United States
cheap cotton lands
The stranding of the Donner party in 1846 resulted in:
A) no survivors
B) government regulation of the western trails
C) the discovery of a shorter route to California
D) rampant cannibalism
E) annihilation by the Indians
rampant cannibalism
William Henry Harrison:
A) was the last president elected from the Jacksonian Democratic party
B) developed a close association with Henry Clay during his presidency
C) led the fight to annex Texas
D) was the first president to be assassinated
E) was elected more on his military record than for his stand on the issues
was elected more on his military record than for his stand on the issues
Members of the Donner party engaged in cannibalism when stranded on their way to California.
A) True
B) False
true
James K. Polk was known to supporters as "Young Hickory."
A) True
B) False
true
California's Bear Flag Republic:
A) was controlled by Mexicans and Indians
B) was quickly recognized by the British
C) represented a California version of Manifest Destiny
D) lasted only a month until American rule was established
E) sent an expedition to capture Santa Fe
lasted only a month until American rule was established
The Great Plains were virtually devoid of a human presence until the Spaniards introduced the horse and the gun.
A) True
B) False
true
As president, William Henry Harrison:
A) merely followed the orders of Henry Clay
B) tried to slow American migration to the West
C) was able to fulfill most of the Whig economic platform
D) brought a completely different background to office than Andrew Jackson
E) died after only a month in office
died after only a month in office
William Henry Harrison:
A) was the last president elected from the Jacksonian Democratic party
B) developed a close association with Henry Clay during his presidency
C) led the fight to annex Texas
D) was the first president to be assassinated
E) was elected more on his military record than for his stand on the issues
was elected more on his military record than for his stand on this issues
When editor John L. O'Sullivan wrote of "manifest destiny," he meant that American westward expansion:
A) would end the current depression
B) required war against the British
C) was sanctioned by God
D) would end sectional arguments over slavery
E) would lead to global domination
was sanctioned by God
All of the following resulted from the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo EXCEPT:
A) the United States gained California
B) the United States paid Mexico $15 million
C) U.S. troops continued to occupy Mexico
D) Mexico gave up all claims to Texas
E) the United States gained New Mexico
U.S. troops continued to occupy Mexico
Future president James Buchanan, head of the Pennsylvania Democrats, declared that Martin Van Buren's stance against annexing Texas would:
A) help his presidential aspirations
B) hurt his relationship with his fellow senators
C) secure his nomination as the Whig candidate for president
D) cost him his party's nomination
E) cause future generations to honor his political courage
cost him his party's nomination
After Mexico gained its independence in 1821, the Santa Fe Trail established vigorous commerce between New Mexico and:
A) California
B) New Orleans
C) Missouri
D) Oregon
E) Texas
Missouri
The Mexican War erupted when:
A) Mexican and U.S. troops clashed north of the Rio Grande
B) American settlers started a revolt in California
C) the United States recognized Texas as independent
D) Mexico insulted the U.S. ambassador and ordered him to leave the country
E) Polk won the 1844 election
Mexican and U.S. troops clashed north of the Rio Grande
At the Battle of San Jacinto:
A) Sam Houston showed his military genius
B) the Texans won a costly victory
C) Mexico recognized Texas independence
D) Santa Anna was captured
E) William B. Travis and Jim Bowie were taken prisoner
Santa Anna was captured
Frederick Douglass:
A) was the founder of the Underground Railroad
B) became a notable black preacher
C) wrote a famous account of his life as a slave
D) was captured in the North and returned to slavery
E) helped abolish slavery in the British West Indies
wrote a famous account of his life as a slave
Slave owners in the antebellum South acquired additional slaves from:
A) Africa
B) Brazil
C) the domestic slave trade
D) the West Indies
E) Asia
the domestic slave trade
The focus on cotton and other cash crops has obscured the degree to which:
A) the antebellum South fed itself from its own fields
B) the South became totally dependent on the West for its food
C) the South relied on Britain for its manufactured goods
D) the North had to use imported cotton from overseas for its textile manufacturers
E) most white southerners lived and worked in cities
the antebellum South fed itself from its own fields
Denmark Vesey plotted a slave insurrection in Charleston, South Carolina.
A) True
B) False
true
Despite a great diversity of origins in the colonial population, the South:
A) drew more immigrants from Ireland than any other country after the Revolution
B) drew more immigrants from Germany than any other country after the Revolution
C) drew fewer immigrants from France than any other country after the Revolution
D) drew few overseas immigrants after the Revolution
E) banned overseas immigration after the Revolution in order to unify its white population
drew few overseas immigrants after the Revolution
George Fitzhugh's major pro-slavery argument was that:
A) slavery was justified in the Bible
B) southern slavery was better for workers than the "wage slavery" of northern industry
C) blacks were the product of a separate creation
D) blacks and whites could not live together without risk of race war except for slavery
E) slavery allowed so many whites to make a good living
blacks and whites could not live together
One of the most realistic depictions of the Old South comes from the classic film Gone with the Wind.
A) True
B) False
false
A black overseer on a plantation was known as a driver.
A) True
B) False
true
The South's staple crops tended to exhaust the soil and lead to erosion.
A) True
B) False
true
The Republican party was created in 1854 by the merging of several anti-slavery groups.
A) True
B) False
true
The passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act:
A) allowed the peaceful settlement of Kansas
B) excluded slavery from the remainder of the Louisiana Purchase
C) broke apart the Whigs
D) was Pierce's greatest achievement as president
E) united the Baptists and Methodists in common opposition to slavery
broke apart the Whigs
The Free-Soil party stance on slavery:
A) was endorsed by John C. Calhoun
B) attracted Abraham Lincoln into their ranks
C) led to the political downfall of Henry Clay
D) infuriated John C. Calhoun
E) opposed the Wilmot Proviso
infuriated John C. Calhoun
In its decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford, the Supreme Court:
A) ruled that slaves who were taken to free states would be considered free
B) ruled that slaves who were taken to free territories would be considered free
C) upheld the constitutionality of the Missouri Compromise
D) noted that blacks did not have federal citizenship and therefore could not bring suit in federal courts
E) ruled that state bans on slavery violated the property rights of masters
noted that blacks did not have federal citizenship and therefore could not bring suit in federal courts
The discovery of gold in California did all of the following EXCEPT:
A) spur a massive migration of gold seekers
B) inspire the production of Levi's blue jeans
C) encourage American dreams of a Pacific empire
D) reduce the size of the Indian population
E) create a population with an equal balance of men and women
create a population with an equal balance of men and women
The Republican platform in 1860 promised to end slavery in the southern states.
A) True
B) False
false
Stephen Douglas's proposed Kansas-Nebraska Act:
A) might allow slavery in Kansas and Nebraska
B) strengthened the Missouri Compromise
C) showed his enthusiastic support of slavery
D) strengthened his presidential prospects
E) would promote construction of a transcontinental rail line along a southern route
might allow slavery in Kansas and Nebraska
In Kansas, the proposed Lecompton Constitution:
A) was vigorously opposed by President Buchanan
B) had overwhelming popular support
C) would establish equality for free blacks
D) showed the dominance of Free-Soilers
E) would make Kansas a slave state
would make Kansas a slave state
The attempt in Boston by federal officials to return Anthony Burns to slavery:
A) was met with resigned cooperation
B) provoked abolitionists to storm the jail
C) brought about amendments to the Fugitive Slave Act
D) caused President Pierce to give Burns his freedom
E) increased northern support for the Compromise of 1850
provoked abolitionists to storm the jail
John Brown and his followers in Kansas:
A) carried out the "sack of Lawrence"
B) came in from Missouri to vote for pro-slavery legislators
C) believed climate would exclude slavery from the area
D) worked for a compromise with pro-slavery forces
E) murdered some pro-slavery men in Pottawatomie
murdered some pro-slavery men in Pottawatomie
In response to secession, President Buchanan:
A) said he supported it
B) declared martial law
C) abandoned Fort Sumter
D) did practically nothing
E) let Lincoln take office ahead of schedule
did practically nothing
All of the following might have joined the Free-Soil party EXCEPT:
A) supporters of the Wilmot Proviso
B) admirers of Martin Van Buren
C) "Cotton" Whigs
D) Liberty party members
E) "Conscience" Whigs
"Cotton" Whigs
Stephen Douglas was one of the most extreme pro-slavery and states' rights advocates in the Democratic party.
A) True
B) False
false
Preston Brooks's caning of Charles Sumner:
A) took place in Kansas
B) ended Brooks's career in Congress
C) showed that both North and South rejected political extremists
D) was totally without motive or provocation
E) made Brooks a hero in much of the South
made Brooks a hero in much of the South
One-fifth of the gold seekers who went to California in 1849 died within six months.
A) True
B) False
true
The Compromise of 1850:
A) gave Texas more territory
B) admitted Utah as a slave state
C) postponed California statehood
D) ended slavery in Washington, D.C.
E) strengthened the fugitive slave laws
strengthened the fugitive slave laws
John C. Calhoun believed that the Wilmot Proviso:
A) would help keep the Union together
B) protected the interests of slaveholders
C) violated property rights guaranteed in the Fifth Amendment
D) blamed the South for the Mexican War
E) would never pass Congress
violated property rights guaranteed in the Fifth Amendment
As the election of 1860 approached, the Democratic party:
A) renominated Buchanan
B) was silent on the issue of slavery
C) condemned the Kansas-Nebraska Act
D) was dominated by southern extremists
E) broke up into northern and southern wings
broke up into northern and southern wings
In 1857, Kansas had only 200 slaves, and most people there were anti-slavery.
A) True
B) False
true
All of the following are true of religion during the war EXCEPT:
A) revivals swept both armies
B) both sides claimed God's favor
C) African Americans saw the relevance of Exodus
D) women became more active in churches
E) Lincoln claimed to be certain of God's purpose
Lincoln claimed to be certain of God's purpose
Civil War soldiers:
A) were strictly volunteers
B) were not paid
C) were sometimes drafted
D) were unlikely to be killed
E) fought for the same reasons
were sometimes drafted
Sherman's army in its march to the sea:
A) committed widespread rape and murder
B) sought to break the enemy's morale
C) burned every dwelling in its path
D) caused Sherman to later apologize for its behavior
E) suffered terrible losses to combat and desertion
sought to break the enemy's morale
A legal option for draftees on either side who chose not to serve was to:
A) hire a substitute
B) leave the country
C) volunteer for community service instead
D) claim to be insane
E) claim to be a pacifist
hire a substitute
All of the following were slave states that remained in the Union EXCEPT:
A) Maryland
B) Kentucky
C) Tennessee
D) Delaware
E) Missouri
Tennessee
As Union commander, Grant was best characterized by his:
A) tactical caution
B) alcoholism
C) ability to train and inspire troops
D) belief the war would be won in the West
E) plan to relentlessly attack
plan to relentlessly attack
The 54th Massachusetts Regiment was:
A) proof of how well black troops could fight
B) wiped out at Fort Wagner
C) the North's best cavalry unit
D) notorious for a high rate of desertions
E) proof of how well black and white troops could fight together
proof of how well black troops could fight
Copperheads were members of the extreme fringe of the peace wing of the Democratic party.
A) True
B) False
true
The mountainous region of Tennessee was among the most pro-Confederate areas in the South.
A) True
B) False
false
Jefferson Davis's most vocal political opponents were:
A) Confederate generals
B) slave owners
C) defenders of states' rights
D) ministers
E) bankers and merchants
defenders of states' rights
The first real battle of the war:
A) was fought near Washington, D.C.
B) was the Battle of Harpers Ferry
C) was a victory for the Union forces
D) resulted in the death of General Albert S. Johnston
E) made both sides think victory would be quick and easy
was fought near Washington, D.C.
At Fredericksburg:
A) Lee's army took a bad beating
B) Confederates used a great defensive position
C) McClellan once again was the aggressor
D) the Union captured a strategic Confederate city
E) Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation
Confederates used a great defensive position
The Anaconda strategy:
A) was General P. G. T. Beauregard's strategy for southern victory
B) was General U. S. Grant's strategy for northern victory
C) assumed a quick end to the war
D) included, among other things, a blockade of the southern coast
E) proposed to use biological warfare against the South
included, among other things, a blockade of the southern coast
Bull Run (Manassas) is in Virginia.
A) True
B) False
true
All of the following are true about the Battle of Antietam EXCEPT:
A) Lee's secret orders fell into the hands of the enemy
B) it was the bloodiest single day of the war
C) McClellan vigorously pursued the retreating Lee
D) Lee hoped a victory would gain the Confederacy foreign recognition
E) it inspired Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation
McClellan vigorously pursued the retreating Lee
Due to its superior resources, the North's victory in the Civil War was guaranteed.
A) True
B) False
false
The paper money known as greenbacks issued by the U.S. Treasury during the war was not backed by gold or silver.
A) True
B) False
true
The Confederate ship Virginia was able to break the Union blockade.
A) True
B) False
false
At the Battle of Chancellorsville:
A) the Union turned back a Confederate invasion
B) Lee displayed his typical caution
C) the Confederates lost Stonewall Jackson
D) black troops turned the tide for the Union
E) General Hooker delivered the big victory Lincoln had been seeking
the Confederates lost Stonewall Jackson
Scalawags was the derogatory name given to native white Republicans in the South.
A) True
B) False
true
When discussing what to do with the former Confederate States, President Johnson:
A) preferred the term reconstruction rather than restoration
B) preferred the term restoration rather than reconstruction
C) never made his opinion known to Congress
D) preferred to let Congress decide their fate
E) would often fly into a drunken rage
preferred the term restoration rather than reconstruction
Under Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction:
A) loyal governments appeared in five states, but Congress refused to recognize them
B) loyal governments were recognized by Congress in three southern states
C) 10 percent of elected officials in a state had to be black
D) 10 percent of the 1860 voters had to take an oath of allegiance to the Union
E) leading Confederates would be sent to prison
10 percent of the 1860 voters had to take an oath of allegiance to the Union
After the House of Representatives impeached President Johnson, the Senate failed to convict him by just one vote.
A) True
B) False
true
The primary objective of the Ku Klux Klan was:
A) national unity
B) upholding southern honor
C) starting a new civil war
D) oppressing blacks and white Republicans
E) raising money for Confederate widows
oppressing blacks and white Republicans
In the North, the Civil War especially elevated the power of:
A) business leaders
B) family farmers
C) ministers
D) teachers
E) industrial workers
business leaders
In response to the Klan, President Grant:
A) did nothing
B) endorsed their activities
C) created a special federal police force
D) ordered the army to crush it
E) tried to protect black rights
tried to protect black rights
Lincoln's successor, Andrew Johnson:
A) was a pro-Union southerner
B) supported black equality
C) supported the interests of southern planters
D) was Lincoln's equal in political skill
E) tried to repeal the Thirteenth Amendment
was a pro-Union southerner
The most popular religious denomination among blacks in the post-war South was Baptist.
A) True
B) False
true
Lincoln's assassin, John Wilkes Booth:
A) supported the Radical Republicans
B) used a high-powered rifle
C) was never apprehended
D) shot him during a speech
E) was a pro-Confederate actor
was a pro-Confederate actor
The Fifteenth Amendment was ratified during the Civil War.
A) True
B) False
false
The Radical state governments in the South did all the following EXCEPT:
A) construct railroads
B) cut taxes
C) establish public schools
D) build roads and bridges
E) provide opportunities for ex-slaves
cut taxes
President Johnson fully broke with Congress in 1866 when he:
A) made a drunken appearance in public
B) spoke in favor of the "black codes"
C) released Jefferson Davis from prison
D) vetoed a bill to continue the Freedmen's Bureau
E) addressed the Radicals in profane language
vetoed a bill to continue the Freedmen's Bureau
The "Mulligan letters":
A) revealed the extent of corruption of the "whiskey ring" in St. Louis
B) linked Republican James G. Blaine to shady railroad deals
C) cost Horace Greeley the 1872 Republican presidential nomination
D) revealed cases of vote fraud in three states in the election of 1876
E) contained disrespectful remarks about Irish Americans
linked Republican James G. Blaine to shady railroad deals
Which of the following contributed to a weakening of Republican control in the South?
A) electoral fraud
B) white supremacist violence
C) the panic of 1873
D) the growing weakness of Grant's administration
E) all of the above
all of the above
Lincoln's assassination resulted from a conspiracy that targeted him and other key government officials.
A) True
B) False
true
During Reconstruction, African Americans:
A) passively awaited developments
B) attempted to establish schools
C) normally joined integrated churches
D) terrorized their former masters
E) refused to work for wages
attempted to establish schools