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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Guglielmo Marconi
  2. American Railway Union
  3. Alexander Graham Bell
  4. Henry Ford
  5. Charles and Frank Duryea
  1. a They built the first gasoline-driven motor vehicle in America in 1903.
  2. b developed the first telephone with commercial capacity.
  3. c An italian inventor who took the first steps to develop the radio in the 1890s. His technology quickly found its way to the U.S.
  4. d Introduced the movable assembly line with his automobile plants in 1914. This process stressed the complete interchangablity of parts.
  5. e Led by Eugene Debs, he refused to handle Pullman cars and equiptment. Within a few days thousands of railroad workers and territories were on strike. Transportation from chicago to the Pacific Coast was paralyzed.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Invented the cash register in 1878.
  2. in Chicago, a strike was taking place at McCormick Harvester Company, when the city police began harassing the strikers and trying to make them disperse in Haymarket Square, when someone threw a bomb that killed seven policemen and injured 67 others, and the policemen, firing into the crowd, killed 4 more people. Conservative Americans demanded retribution, 8 anarchists were tried and sentenced to death. One committed suicide, four were executed and two others had their sentences commuted to life in prison. The bombing represented a new fear of social chaos and radicalism, especially of anarchism.
  3. Formed in 1869 under the leadership of Uriah Stephens. A national labor organization open to all who were "tolied." Meaning all workers, business men, proffessional people, and virtually all women. This group wanted 8-hr days and no child labor.
  4. In 1881, representatives of a number of craft unions formed the Federation of Organized Trade and Labor Unions of the United States and Canada. Five years later they took the name of this. Samuel Gompers was the leader of this organization. They concentrated on wages, hours, and working conditions.
  5. Patented a sewing machine in 1851 and created I. M. Singer and Company. One of the first modern manufacturing corperations.

5 True/False questions

  1. Vertical IntegrationThe combining of a number of firms engaged in the same enterprise into a single corperation.

          

  2. J. Pierpont MorganAn italian inventor who took the first steps to develop the radio in the 1890s. His technology quickly found its way to the U.S.

          

  3. Pullman Strikein Chicago in 1894, Pullman cut wages but refused to lower rents in the company town. So the workers went on strike.

          

  4. Wilbur and Orville WrightLed by Eugene Debs, he refused to handle Pullman cars and equiptment. Within a few days thousands of railroad workers and territories were on strike. Transportation from chicago to the Pacific Coast was paralyzed.

          

  5. Social DarwinismAlso known as "Scientific Managment", named after its leading theoretician, Frederick Winslow Taylor. He argued that scientific managment was also a way to increase the employers control of the workplace. He urged employers to subdived tasks, to speed up production, and decrease being dependent on a specific worker.