26 terms

Maya, Inca, and Aztecs & The Age of Exploration

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Civilization
a state of society, in which a high level of culture, science, industry, and government has been reached.
Aztec
A people that lived in the valley of central Mexico that was conquered by Cortés in 1521.
Maya
a civilization of the Yucatán Peninsula that made pyramids, a number and calendar system, hieroglyphic writing, and sculpture, painting, and ceramics.
Inca
a civilization of South American Indian peoples who established an empire in Peru prior to the Spanish conquest.
Conquistador
a Spanish conqueror of the Americas in the 16 century
Hieroglyphics
a picture writing in which some pictures stand for ideas and sounds used by the Maya
Census
An official count of people in a certain place at a certain time
Cuzco
The capital city of the Incan Empire located in Peru
Tenochtitlan
The capital city of the Aztecs
Maize
Corn
Explorer
A person who explores an unfamiliar area
Age of Exploration
A period in history when explorers traveled west to claim land in the Americas
Native
A person born in a specific area
Compass
a tool showing cardinal directions
Scurvy
a disease that sailors had that was caused by a deficiency of vitamin C
Christopher Columbus
an Italian explorer responsible for the European discovery of America in 1492
Jacques Cartier
a navigator who made three voyages for France to the North American continent between 1534 and 1542
Samuel de Champlain
French explorer in the Americas: founder of Quebec, Canada
Henry Hudson
English navigator who sailed a river with his name, however, his crew mutinied and sent him to die
Diversity
A variety of different things or people
Equality
When things are equal, like rights and opportunities
Empire
A group of territories that are controlled by the same person
Colonize
Sending settlers to take control over new land
Conquest
The act of conquering new land
Interpret
To explain the meaning of something
Communicate
To share information, news, or ideas