APUSH CHAPTER 22-Reconstruction

the south was economically devastated by the civil war
military defeat in the civil war brought white southerners to accept the reality of northern political domination.
the newly freed laves often used their liberty to travel or seek lost loved ones.
the focus of black community life after emancipation became the church
lincoln's 10 percent plan was designed to return the Southern states to the Union Quickly and with few restrictions.
southerners first feared andrew johnson because he had been one of the few elite planters who backed Lincoln.
the cause of black education was greatly advanced by white northern female teachers who came south after the civil war
the enactment of the black codes in the south strengthened those who supported a moderate approach to reconstruction
congressional republicans demanded that the southern states ratify the fourteenth amendment in order to be readmitted to the union.
radical republicans succeeded in their goal of redistributing land to the former slaves
during reconstruction, blacks controlled most of the Southern state legislatures
the republican reconstruction legislature enacted educational and other reforms in southern state government
the Ku Klux KLan largely failed in its goal of intimidating blacks and preventing them from voting.
johnson's impeachment was essentially an act of political vindictiveness by radical republicans
the moderate republican plan for reconstruction might have succeeded if the KKK had been suppressed
lost family members
After emancipation, man blacks traveled in order to find ___ ___ ___ or seek new economic opportunities
food, clothes, and education
The freedmen's bureau was originally established to provide ___ ___ and ____ for emancipated slaves
Lincoln's original plan for reconstruction in 1863 was that a state could be re-integrated into the union when ____ percent of its voters took an oath of allegiance to the union and pledged to abide by emancipation
labor force
the black codes passed by many of the southern state governments in 1865 aimed to ensure a stable and subservient ___ ____ under white control
the congressional elections of ___ resulted in a decisive defeat for johnson, and a veto proof republican congress
moderate republicans
in contrast to radical republicans, ____ ______ generally favored states' rights and opposed direct federal involvement in the individuals' lives
Reconstruction act of 1867
besides putting the south under the rule of federal soldiers, the Military ____ ____ ___ ____ required that southern states give blacks the vote as a condition of readmittance to the UNion
full citizenship and civil rights
The 14th amendment provided for __ ___ and __ ___ for former slaves
voting rights
the 15th amendment provided for __ __ for former slaves
women's rights leaders opposed the 14th and 15th amendments because the amendments granted citizenship and voting rights to black and white men, but not to _____
union league
The right to vote encouraged southern black men to organize a ____ _____ as a vehicle for political empowerment and self-defense
white northerners, white southerners, blacks
the radical reconstruction regimes in the southern states included ___ ___, __ ____, and ______
union soldiers, businessmen, professionals
most of the Northern "carpetbaggers" were actually former __ ___, ___, or ____
failure, one
the radical republicans' impeachment of president andrew johnson resulted in: a ____ to convict and remove johnson by only ___ vote
the skeptical public finally accepted seward's purchase of alaska because ______ had been the only great power friendly to the union during the civil war
common term for the blacks newly liberated from slavery
freedmen's bureau
federal agency that greatly assisted blacks educationally but failed in other aid efforts
largest african american church after slavery
ten percent
lincoln's 1863 program for a rapid reconstruction of the South
constitutional amendment that freed all of the slaves
black code
the harsh southern state laws of 1865 that limited black rights and imposed restrictions to ensure a stable black labor supply
the constitutional amendment granting civil rights to freed slaves and barring former confederates from office
republican reconstructionists who favored a more rapid restoration of Southern state governments and opposed radical plans for drastic economic transformation of the south
republican reconstructionists who favored keeping the south out of the federal government until a complete social and economic revolution was accomplished in the region
union league
the black political organization that promoted self-help and defense of political rights
ex parte milligan
supreme court ruling that miitary tribunals could not try civilians when the civil courts were open
derogatory terms for white southerners who cooperated with the republican reconstruction governments
deragotory term for northerners who came to the south during reconstruction and sometimes took part in republican state governments
constitutional amendment guaranteeing blacks the right to vote
blacks who left the south for kansas and elsewhere during reconstruction
oliver howard
problack general who led an agency that tried to assist the freedmen
andrew johnson
born a white southerner, he became the white south's champion against radical reconstruction
abraham lincoln
author of moderate "10%" reconstruction plan that ran into congressional opposition
civil rights bill of 1866
first congressional attempt to guarantee black rights in the south, passed over johnson's veto
charles sumner
beaten in the senate chamber b4 civil war, he became the leader of the senate republican radicals during reconstruction.
thaddeus stevens
leader of radical republicans in the House of Reps
military reconstruction act of 1867
congressional law that imposed military rule on the south and demanded harsh conditions fore readmission of the seceded states
hiram revels
black republican senator from Mississippi during reconstruction
Ku Klux Klan
secret organization that intimidated blacks and worked to restore white supremacy
force acts of 1870 and 1871
laws designed to stamp out Ku Klux KLan terrorism in the south
tenure of office act
constitutionally questionable law whose violation by president johnson formed the basis for his impeachment
union league
leading black political organization during reconstruction
benjamin wade
president pro tempore of the sunate who hoped to become president of the US after johnson's impeachment conviction
william seward
secretary of state who arranged an initially unpopular but valuable land deal in 1867