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6th Grade SS - Lesson 6 Exploring Four Empires of Mesopotamia Notes
What are the most important achievements of the Mesopotamian empires?
Terms in this set (20)
What are the four empires of Mesopotamia between 2300 and 539 BCE?
The Akkadian Empire, The Babylonian Empire, The Assyrian Empire, and The Neo-Babylonian Empire
For 1,200 years, Sumer was a land of independent city-states. Who conquered the land in 3000 BC?
The Akkadians led by King Sargon.
Who created the world's first empire? How?
King Sargon and the Akkadians. They used very clever political strategies to keep control of the empire.
The Akkadians may have ruled Sumer, but the Sumerian (Sumer people) culture lived on. What things did the Akkadians learn from the Sumerian's?
1. The Akkadians farmed using the Sumerians' irrigation techniques.
2. To record information they used the Sumer's system of cuneiform writing.
3. They even worshipped the same gods and goddessess.
The Akkadians would carve sculptures on stones. What were the stones called?
These carved stones are called steles.
When the Akkadian Empire fell, who was the ruler of the new invaders from the north?
Hammurabi was the next king to unite all of Mesopotamia. Hammurabi was the king of Babylon, a small city-state in central Mesopotamia
What is Hammurabi is best known for?
Hammurabi is best known for his code of laws. His code was detailed. It covered many situations, such as trade, and divorce.
What things did Hammurabi do to help Babylonia succeed?
Hammurabi was careful to maintain irrigation systems properly so that land remained fertile and provided plenty of food.
Which empire was north of Babylon and lived in Mesopotamia for a long time?
The Assyrians. They rose to power again toward 900 BC, when a series of rulers of Assyria began preparing for war.
Why did people fear the Assyrians?
The Assyrians were feared for their military might and their cruelty.Their greatest achievements were their new weapons and their war strategies.
What would the Assyrian people do for their king? Why?
The Assyrians believed that their kings were special beings. They built beautiful palaces to honor them.
How long did the Assyrian Empire last? What were their artisans known for?
The Assyrian Empire lasted about 300 years. Assyrian artisans were known for their two-dimensional sculptures called bas-reliefs
Who took control after the capital of Assyria (Nineveh) fell? What was the name of the new empire?
The Babylonian's took control of the empire and their most famous king was Nebucharadrezzar II. He was a ruthless military leader who reigned from 605 to 562 BCE.
Nebuchadrezzar worked hard to restore the splendor that Babylon had enjoyed under Hammurabi. What things did he do?
He rebuilt the city's ziggurat. He also built Hanging Gardens of Babylon. These gardens were built on rooftops and terraces show the greenery would cascade down the walls.
What were the Neo-Babylonians skilled at?
Neo-Babylonians were skilled in mathematics and astronomy.
What was the Akkadian Empire known for?
The Akkadians developed their own language. Artists carved beautiful relief sculptures on stones.
What was the Assyrian Empire known for?
The Assyrians honored their powerful kings with beautiful palaces and huge sculptures. They built some of the earliest aqueducts.
The Neo-Babylonian Empire lasted only 75 years. Who became the new ruler after the fall of this empire?
Cyrus - the leader of the Persian Empire
What was the Babylonian Empire known for?
This empire was known for King Hammurabi and his code of laws that applied to everyone in the empire. In fact, Women had more rights than they did in most ancient societies. Additionally, they were known for agriculture and trade
What was the Neo-Babylonian Empire known for?
This empire, under King Nebuchadrezzar, restored the splender of King Hammurabi's time. His Hanging Gardens of Babylon became famous.
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