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2016 Midterm Religion Exam Study Guide
Terms in this set (43)
What Happened in the Reforms of the Carmelite Order?
During the reforms of the Church, St. Teresa of Avila and St. John of the Cross lead a movement to rid the Carmelites of abuses and to return them to prayer and silence.
What are the two branches of the order?
The Discalced Order and The Carmelites of the Ancient Observance
What does the terms active and contemplative mean and which branch focuses on which?
Carmelites of Ancient Observance- Active- tends to be progressive Discalced Order- contemplative- silent reflection
What is the scapular and what does it signify?
The scapular is a tradition in the Church that is a sigh of Mary. It symbolizes special dedication of the Carmelites to Mary, the Mother of God, and to express trust in her motherly protection as well as the desire to be like her commitment to Christ and others.
What is the story of Elijah on Mount Carmel and why is it important?
Elijah was tired of "baal's" prophets killing the Israelites who worshiped God. So, Elijah proved to "baal's" prophets that our god is the real God. He took them back and executed them all. -remember* back then the 'rule' was an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth. Also it was B.C. It is important because the Carmelites learned from Elijah to look for God in silence
What is the significance of Mary to the Carmelites?
The Carmelites devotion themselves to Mary because she is the perfect feminine role model. She represents bravery, humility, contemplation, and compassion
What is Divine Providence?
Divine providence is that God governs creation as a loving father, working all things for good.
What are the three stages of the Interior Life? Be able to describe them.
Purgative State- In this state, we try to rid ourselves of attachment to material desires. This can be a painful process, and the pain that is experienced in this stage is known as the Dark Knight of the Senses.Illuminative Stage- Those who are in this stage have made great progress in overcoming temptation, but still have not achieved complete union of their will and God's will. As a final challenge, people in this stage often experience extreme dryness in prayer. This is called the Dark Night of the Soul.Unitive Stage- In this stage, our wills are completely united with God's will. (Heaven on Earth!)
What are the four types of prayer we discussed?
A.- adoration- "praising God for who he is"C.- contrition- "sorry for what you did wrong"T.- thanksgiving- "to give thanks; giving thanks"S.- supplication- "when you're asking God for your needs and your wants"
What are the two pillars of Carmelite Spirituality?
The discalced order and The Carmelites of the Ancient Observance
Why did the Carmelites choose to leave Mount Carmel?
The Carmelites chose to leave Mount Carmel because they did not want to be part of the crusades. The crusades were faught on the Holy Land
What was the significance of the story of Elijah on Mount Horeb?
Just like Elijah on Mount Horeb, the earliest carmelites looked for God in the silence. The earliest carmelites were hermits. Hermits are people who live secluded. They lived as hermits because they sought to live like Elijah and find God through silence. The carmelites also learned God's providence in the story of Elijah. Providence means help or protection. Just like Jesus in the garden, Elijah Trusted that God was going to take care of him.
is a specific type of clothing worn by a religious order. Every order has a female and male branch.Brown- symbolizes dirt- humility, humble-represents wood- the crossWhite- symbolizes puritySandals- symbolizes povertyScapular- a sign of devotion to Mary
What is the importance of silence within the Carmelite tradition?
The Carmelites believed it was another way to grow closer and to worship God in silence.
What does a typical Carmelite day normally consist of?
Day to day life of an early Carmelites1.Most of time spent in prayer and silence in cells2.Go to mass and liturgy of the hours together3.Say a daily prayer service 3 times a day
Modern day Carmelites
1.Not hermits2.Frequent mass and Holy Communion3.Reading and meditating on Sacred Scripture4.Liturgy of the Hours5.Imitation of Mary6.Have a jobs- teachers, doctors, nurses, lawyers7.All together in a community/center/mother house
What does it mean for Peter to be given the keys to the kingdom of heaven?
Jesus gave him the keys of heaven so Peter can go out and preach the good news of Jesus and to start a church.
What is apostolic succession?
We believe as Catholics that our bishops are the successors of the Apostles. So they possess the same authority that Jesus gave to the Apostles.
What are some of the Old Testament examples of apostolic succession we discussed?
Moses passed his authority to Joshua to be the leader of Israel by laying his hands on his head
What does it mean for priests or bishops to have authority?
They possess the same authority that Jesus gave to the Apostles
What types of authority are possessed by priests and bishops?
To teach and to perform sacraments
What is a sacrament? What do they have to do with the holiness of the Church?
Signs of inward and spiritual divine grace. Jesus gave us the sacraments
What does it mean for the Church to be holy?
It means that we are set apart. The church exists in a realm that is sacred
What is the source of the Church's holiness?
We believe our chapel is holy because Jesus is present there in the most personal way on Earth
How is the Eucharist importance in terms of the Church's holiness?
The Eucharist is Jesus that we are able to consume.
Who is the model of the Church's holiness?
What is purgatory?
It is a place to cleanse all your sins before you go to heaven
How can we say that the Church is holy, yet still admit that there are people in the Church who are far from perfect?
There are people who we may think are wheat are weeds and there are people who we think are weeds are actually wheat. So, we don't know who are wheat and who are weeds. Only God knows. We will know at harvest time. (aka the last judgement)
What is the primary mission of the Church?
To save souls to get people into heaven
Where does the Church exist?
In heaven, on Earth, in Purgatory
Why is it important to stress that Jesus did found a Church, and why is the Church necessary?
If it wasn't for Christ, we would not be holy. The church is not holy because of its members, but because of Christ
What does it mean for the Church to be 'Catholic'?
To be universal
How does the catholicity of the Church refer to its mission?
The Church is universal and so the Church helps everyone into heaven
What does it mean to say that the Church images the Trinity?
The Church is both one and many
What is Paul's analogy of the body?
Every part of the body is important. We are Christ's body and individual parts of it. Each and every one of us are important
Why is it important for the Church to be united?
It is important because we are all one in Jesus Christ
What are some misconceptions people have of the Trinity?
People think that the trinity is three different people, which is wrong. There are three persons in One God.
What is Pentecost? Why is it called the 'birthday' of the Church?
The day the Holy Spirit came to to the Apostles and the Apostles were able to speak different languages. It was the day that 3 million souls were added to the Church
What were Gentile and Jewish Christians?
The Gentiles ate meat. The Jewish did not
How did the Council of Jerusalem show how the Church is both one and many?
Through the decision to allow people to eat meat, but not with people that might be offended by it showed that the Church was unified
How does the story of Paul's conversion show why he is the 'Apostle of the Gentiles'?
He was the first person to preach to the gentiles
What is a martyr?
A person killed because of his or her religious beliefs
marry apparitions mean
to choose love and not hatred
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