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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Before 1831, how was slavery viewed?
  2. Why do people want to pardon?
  3. The Whigs
  4. Southern Nationalism
  5. What is the fall of the Know-Nothings?
  1. a (wealthy) people who could actually receive pardons wanted them because they couldn't vote or hold office without it
  2. b - split on sectional lines and very dividd about the Compromise
    - They cannot come up with a party platform in 1852 b/c their beliefs weren't unified
    - tried to receive interest in the nationalist economic policies
    - upset about the influx of Catholics
  3. c - the belief that the South is different from everyone
    - believe in a measure of autonomy
    - The South has become more conservative and defensive about slavery
    - The defensiveness hardness into a cultural and political nationalism, seeing the North as a threat
  4. d - the northern and southern delegates were split on the issue of slavery in the territories
    - declines after people realize that nativism isn't the answer
    - their secrecy comes back to haunt them
    - inspired a certain amount of mob violence
    - nominated Millard Fillmore as their representative
  5. e a "necessary evil"

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. - members of a secret, fraternal organization called the Order of the Star-Spangled Banner, founded in NY
    - when members were asked about the organization they responded with "I know nothing."
    - The Order grew in size by 1854, reaching a membership of between 800,000 - 1,500,000
    - political objective was to extend the period of naturalization (5 to 21 years) in order to undercut immigrant voting and to keep aliens in their place
  2. - The South feels like they have to protect themselves, they don't feel safe, and says the secession is not about slavery
  3. - almost as lenient as Lincoln's
    - Southerners, those who made 20,000 annually or less, could take an oath of allegience and recieve a pardon
    - Wealthy men have to appeal directly to Johnson
    - he sets up a governor for each state that meets his standards
    - he also declares secession illegal, and repudiates the Condfederate debt
    - states had to ratify the 13th Amendment and then they could hold elections and be readmitted to the Union
  4. - believed in "regeneration before Reconstruction"
    - required an extended period of military rule, confiscation and redistribution of large landholdings and federal aid for schools to educate blacks and whites
  5. 1. The Whig Party was falling apart
    2. the other political parties are divided on the slavery issue
    3. nativism was popular in the North but Southerners can live with any party that isn't about slavery
    4. offered simple solutions for complex problems
    5. started out as a secret club and people found it inviting

5 True/False questions

  1. Compromise of 1850- proposed by Henry Clay who wants to admit California as a free state
    - organize the rest of the Mexican cession to two territories on the basis of popular sovereignty (Mexican law had already abolished slavery there)
    - Resolve boundary dispute between New Mexico and Texas by granting the disputing region to New Mexico and paying Texas' debt of 10 million
    - proposes to abolish the slave trade in Washington, D.C.
    - called for a more effective Fugitive Slave Law


  2. Dred Scott v. Sanford- Missouri slave that moved to Illinois in 1834 and then moved to Wisconsin in 1836
    - sued for his freedom on the grounds that he had lived for many years in an area where slavery had been outlawed by the Missouri Compromise
    - the case went to the Supreme Court
    - the Court states that a slave is not a citizen and had no right to sue in federal courts
    - The Court ruled that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional


  3. Scalawagsterm used to describe white southerners who were in favor of Reconstruction and the Republican Party after the Civil War...


  4. Secessionterm used to describe white southerners who were in favor of Reconstruction and the Republican Party after the Civil War...


  5. What were Lincoln's views on slavery?- Slavery only exists in the South but the North was just was racist
    - Very few Northerners were willing to give blacks social and economic equality
    - Working class whites resented the competition of free blacks
    - Some states prohibit blacks from moving to their states
    - Northerners were against expansion of slavery to new territories