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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Popular Sovereignty
  2. Southern Nationalism
  3. Why don't Free Soilers want slavery?
  4. Laws passed in the South for Free Blacks
  5. Andrew Johnson
  1. a - the belief that the South is different from everyone
    - believe in a measure of autonomy
    - The South has become more conservative and defensive about slavery
    - The defensiveness hardness into a cultural and political nationalism, seeing the North as a threat
  2. b - made President after the assassination of Lincoln
    - senator from Tennessee that didn't leave his seat after secession and stayed loyal to the Union
    - grew up poor in the south and contributed to Lincoln's views on blacks
    - wants to punish the Confederates
    - his plan for Reconstruction is similar to Lincoln's
  3. c - Lewis Cass; Senator of Michigan; Democrat; places the sovereignty doctrine
    - described as "squatter sovereignty" meant that the settlers could vote slavery up or down at the first meeting of a territorial legislature
    - Cass doesn't know if the federal government has the right to regulate slavery;
    - Cass says if the govt. has the right to abolish slavery; they shouldn't
    - Cass wants to keep slavery out of national politics because it will tear the country and the democratic party apart
  4. d 1. Forced free blacks to register or have white guardians who responsible for their behavior
    2. Free blacks were required to carry papers proving their free status
    3. Laws invoked to exclude blacks from several occupations
  5. e 1. They believe that if slavery is allowed it will be difficult to remove later on
    2. They are afraid big plantation owners will dominate life like they do in the South
    3. People don't want to compete with slave labor
    4. A lot of free soilers were racist and didn't want blacks in the new territories at all

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. 1. it was made illegal for blacks to own property in certain areas
    2. blacks still can't testify in court
    3. have curfews
    4. in order to avoid prison, blacks would sign longtime contracts to have a job like indentured servants
  2. - Clay will compromise and join with the North and then join with the South to pass the other parts
    - By Sept. 1850, all bills are passed but still no one is satisfied
  3. As a land of opportunities where the hardworking could improve their social and economic status
    - Free soil would serve as a guarantee of free competition or the "right to rise"
    - But if slavery was permitted to expand, the rights of "free labor" would be denied and slaveowners would use the best land, blocking commercial and industrial development
  4. 1. The South as a whole was unrepentant and hasn't changed; determined to make reconstruction fail
    2. Both the North and South are tired of military rule
    3. The Conservatives openly appeal to white supremacy
    4. People of the North and South believe the propoganda about the bad the governments were and any change wouldn't be good
    5. The Compromise of 1877 pulls soldiers out of the South
  5. - proposed by Henry Clay who wants to admit California as a free state
    - organize the rest of the Mexican cession to two territories on the basis of popular sovereignty (Mexican law had already abolished slavery there)
    - Resolve boundary dispute between New Mexico and Texas by granting the disputing region to New Mexico and paying Texas' debt of 10 million
    - proposes to abolish the slave trade in Washington, D.C.
    - called for a more effective Fugitive Slave Law

5 True/False questions

  1. Know-Nothings- members of a secret, fraternal organization called the Order of the Star-Spangled Banner, founded in NY
    - when members were asked about the organization they responded with "I know nothing."
    - The Order grew in size by 1854, reaching a membership of between 800,000 - 1,500,000
    - political objective was to extend the period of naturalization (5 to 21 years) in order to undercut immigrant voting and to keep aliens in their place


  2. Tenure of Office Act-intended to restrict the power of the President to remove certain office-holders without the approval of the Senate.
    - enacted on March 3, 1867, over the veto of President Andrew Johnson
    - deny the president the power to remove any executive officer who had been appointed by the president, without the advice and consent of the Senate, unless the Senate approved the removal during the next full session of Congress.


  3. What did the Confederacy do to solve the problem of the draft?- the Southern economy was less adaptable than the North
    - the Confederacy had to rely on a govt. cash program to produce war materials


  4. What happened after Fort Sumter?- it unites the Northern opposition to the South
    - also forces everyone to take sides
    - The middle states will now secede and join the Confederacy.


  5. How are the southern states readmitted into the Union?Lincoln uses a reconstruction process