5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- What occurs in end of the Election of 1856?
- Laws passed in the South for Free Blacks
- Before 1831, how was slavery viewed?
- Why is the Civil War fought?
- a It's fought to preserve the Union not abolish slavery.
- b a "necessary evil"
- c 1. Forced free blacks to register or have white guardians who responsible for their behavior
2. Free blacks were required to carry papers proving their free status
3. Laws invoked to exclude blacks from several occupations
- d - James Buchanan wins the Election
- the new Republican party does extremely well and terrifies the South
- The South wants a federal law that will protect slavery in the territories
- e - members of a secret, fraternal organization called the Order of the Star-Spangled Banner, founded in NY
- when members were asked about the organization they responded with "I know nothing."
- The Order grew in size by 1854, reaching a membership of between 800,000 - 1,500,000
- political objective was to extend the period of naturalization (5 to 21 years) in order to undercut immigrant voting and to keep aliens in their place
5 Multiple choice questions
- -the North's economy was strong at the core
- it's factories and farms could produce enough provisions without hurting the civilian population
- - almost as lenient as Lincoln's
- Southerners, those who made 20,000 annually or less, could take an oath of allegience and recieve a pardon
- Wealthy men have to appeal directly to Johnson
- he sets up a governor for each state that meets his standards
- he also declares secession illegal, and repudiates the Condfederate debt
- states had to ratify the 13th Amendment and then they could hold elections and be readmitted to the Union
- - ratified in 1870, prohibits the denial or abridgment of the right to vote by the federal of state governments on the basis of race, color, or prior condition as a slave.
- intended to guarantee African Americans the right to vote in the South
- laws passed by southern states immediately after the Civil War to maintain white supremacy by restricting the rights of the newly freed slaves
- - Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois proposed a bill to organize the territory west of Missouri and Iowa
- sought up to set up a territorial government in Kansas and Nebraska on the basis of popular sovereignty
- wants to reunite the Democratic Party about Manifest Destiny and the transcontinental railroad
- tried to present it as a "railroad bill" but the South doesn't see it that way
- the South sees it as an anti-slavery bill b/c the South sees Kansas & Nebraska as two free territories
5 True/False questions
Why did people want to join the Know-Nothings? → 1. The Whig Party was falling apart
2. the other political parties are divided on the slavery issue
3. nativism was popular in the North but Southerners can live with any party that isn't about slavery
4. offered simple solutions for complex problems
5. started out as a secret club and people found it inviting
The Election of 1860 → - Zachary Taylor wins the Election.
- Taylor proposes to admit California and New Mexico as free states
- California applied for admission to the Union as a free state
- The South hates Taylor's initial proposal because they are afraid New Mexico will be a free state as well
- The South is afraid to become a political minority
- Southerners accused Taylor of trying to impose the Wilmot Proviso
Fugitive Slave Law → - Suspected fugitives were denied a jury trial, the right to testify on their own behalf, and other basic constitutional rights
- There were no effective safeguards against falsely identifying fugitives or kidnapping free black slaves
- If a judge decides the accused is a runaway slave, the judge receives 10 dollars; if the judge decides the accused is not a runaway slave, the judge receives 5 dollars
What is the fall of the Know-Nothings? → - it won complete control of Massachusetts,
- took power in three more New England states
- showed signs of becoming the next major political party
Republicans → - most of northern nativists became Republicans
- led by professional politicians who used to be Whigs or Democrats
- argued that the "slave power conspiracy" was a greater threat to American liberty and equality
- supported an anti-immigrant or anti-Catholic bias