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The Film Experience Chapter 10
Terms in this set (27)
1895-1913, characterized by the shift from single to multiple shots, the beginnings of continuity editing, and variations in camera distance
classical hollywood cinema
1917 to 1927, basic structures of classical narrative and studio system put into place. Standardization of film production, the establishment of the feature film, and the cultural and economic expansion of movies throughout society.
"big five" studios
Fox, MGM, Paramount, Warner bros., and RKO
"little three" studios
Columbia, Universal, and United Artists
Motion Picture Producers and Distributors Association of America, formed in 1922
German Expressionist Cinema
1918-1929, film movement drawing on painting and theatrical developments; used dramatic light and set and costume design to represent irrational forces
French Impressionist Cinema
1920s avant-garde film movement that aimed to destabilize familiar or objective ways of seeing, and to revitalize the dynamics of human perception
Soviet Silent Films
1917-1931; resulted in an emphasis on documentary and historical subjects; Man with a Movie Camera
the elaboration of movie dialogue and the growth of characterization in films, and the prominence of generic formulas in constructing film narratives
dealt with an extended period of tension and anxiety about national identity and security. Traditional institutions stood on the brink of tremendous change.
U.S. v. Paramount
studios were ordered to divest their theater chains and end their control of the industry
A film movement that began in Italy during WWII and lasted until approx. 1952, depicting everyday social realities using location shooting and amateur actors, in opposition to glossy studio formulas.
French New Wave
A film movement that came to prominence in the late 1950s and 1960s in France in opposition to the conventional studio system. The films were often made with low budgets and young actors, shot on location, using unconventional sound and editing patterns, and addressed the struggle for personal expression.
after WWII and the Allied occupation, Japanese films increasingly incorporated Hollywood forms and styles; drawing on a range of cultural and artistic traditions and emphasizing the contemplative aspect of images and place character rather than action at the center of a narrative.
A term coined in the late 1960s in Latin America to echo the phrase and concept "Third World," Third Cinema opposed commercial and auteurist cinemas with a political, populist aesthetic and united films from a number of countries and contexts
affected by the dominance of youth audiences, the increasing influence of European art films, globalization, and the rise of economic and technological innovations such as blockbusters, cable, etc; the idea of the auteur, often the director, as a brand; the elevation of image spectacles and special effects and the fragmentation and reflexivity of narrative constructions.
contemporary independent cinema
often noted for controversial subject matter and dark tone
promotion of a director's vision
New German Cinema
characterized by a confrontation with Germany's Nazi and postwar past, approached directly through an examination of the current political and cultural climate, and an emphasis on the distinctive, often maverick, visions of individual directors; depicted historical, political, and social questions.
World's most prolific film industry
Can be divided into three categories: Film in the People's Republic of China, Film in Hong Kong, and Film in Taiwan.
women in independent film
independent movements have been more accessible to women filmmakers than feature filmmaking.
featured African-American casts and were circulated to urban African-American audiences in the North and shown in special segregated screenings in the South.
Although the term suggests the exploitation of black film audiences, it was also made possible in part by the black power movement. Most films were made by whtie producers.
films that have been abandoned by their owners or copyright holders
reasons for saving films
Historians have access to a wide range of images from particular times, places, and institutions
Filmmakers can ensure their work survives
Audiences can have new film experiences
Filmmakers may use orphan films as sources for their work