Wordlist 2 (GSOM students only)

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Terms in this set (...)

adjust
verb
to change something slightly, especially to make it more correct, effective, or suitable
alternative
adjective plan or method is one that you can use if you do not want to use another one
livable
adjective
suitable or good for living in
sprawl
verb
to spread the arms and legs out carelessly and untidily while sitting or lying down
quaint
adjective
attractive because of being unusual and especially old-fashioned
adolescent
noun
a young person who is developing into an adult
Emission
noun
the act of sending out gas, heat, light, etc.
waste
noun
an unnecessary or wrong use of money, substances, time, energy, abilities, etc.
sustainability
noun
1) the ability to continue at a particular level for a period of time
2) the idea that goods and services should be produced in ways that do not use resources that cannot be replaced and that do not damage the environment
conservation
noun
1) the protection of plants and animals, natural areas, and interesting and important structures and buildings, especially from the damaging effects of human activity
2) carefully using valuable natural substances that exist in limited amounts in order to make certain that they will be available for as long a time as possible
splashy
adjective
more expensive, exciting, etc. than necessary
renewable
adjective
1) Renewable forms of energy can be produced as quickly as they are used
2) If an official document is renewable, its use can be continued for an extra period of time
onshore
adjective
moving towards land from the sea, or on land rather than at sea
emergence
noun
the fact of something becoming known or starting to exist
congested
adjective
Congested roads and towns have too much traffic and movement is made difficult.
explosive
adjective
1) very loud and sudden, like an explosion
2) exploding or able to explode easily
scope
noun
the range of a subject covered by a book, programme, discussion, class, etc.
uneven
adjective
not level, equal, flat, or continuous
inevitable
adjective
certain to happen and unable to be avoided or prevented
advance
verb
to go or move something forward, or to develop or improve something
efficient
adjective
working or operating quickly and effectively in an organized way
installed capacity
noun
the amount of energy that a power station, etc. is able to produce
generate
verb
to cause something to exist
tradeable
adjective
used to describe something that can be bought and sold
framework
noun
1) a supporting structure around which something can be built
2) a system of rules, ideas, or beliefs that is used to plan or decide something
pattern
noun
a particular way in which something is done, is organized, or happens
greenhouse gas
noun
a gas that causes the greenhouse effect, especially carbon dioxide
struggle
verb
to experience difficulty and make a very great effort in order to do something
affordable
adjective
(used about houses, etc.) able to be bought or rented by people who do not earn a lot of money
privileged
adjective
having a privilege
offshore
adjective
away from or at a distance from the coast
puzzling
adjective
difficult to explain or understand
investment
noun
the act of putting money, effort, time, etc. into something to make a profit or get an advantage, or the money, effort, time, etc. used to do this
buzzword
noun
a word or expression from a particular subject area that has become fashionable by being used a lot, especially on television and in the newspapers
capable
adjective
1) having the ability, power, or qualities to be able to do something
2) able to do things effectively and skilfully, and to achieve results
purchase
verb
to buy something
policy
noun
a set of ideas or a plan of what to do in particular situations that has been agreed to officially by a group of people, a business organization, a government, or a political party
havoc
noun
confusion and lack of order, especially causing damage or trouble
incentive
noun
something that encourages a person to do something
charge
verb
to ask an amount of money for something, especially a service or activity
estimate
verb
to guess or calculate the cost, size, value, etc. of something
capacity
noun
the total amount that can be contained or produced, or (especially of a person or organization) the ability to do a particular thing
stand out
phrasal verb
1) to be much better than other similar things or people
2) to be very noticeable
toll
noun
a small amount of money that you have to pay to use a road, cross a bridge, etc.
burgeoning
adjective
developing quickly
consumer goods
noun
products that people buy for their own use
disposable
adjective

intended to be thrown away after use
surge
noun
a sudden and great increase
curb
verb
to control or limit something that is not wanted
urban planning
noun
the planning of the way in which towns and cities are built in order to make them pleasant to live in
dominate
verb
1) to have control over a place or person
2) to be the largest, most important, or most noticeable part of something
implication
noun
1) the effect that an action or decision will have on something else in the future
2) an occasion when you seem to suggest something without saying it directly
awareness
noun
knowledge that something exists, or understanding of a situation or subject at the present time based on information or experience
concept
noun
a principle or idea
township
noun
1) in the US and Canada, a unit of local government consisting of a town and the area surrounding it
2) a South African town where only black people lived during apartheid
sheer
adjective
used to emphasize how very great, important, or powerful a quality or feeling is; nothing except
consumption
noun
the amount used or eaten
curve
noun
a line that bends continuously and has no straight parts
market economy
noun
an economic system in which goods and services are made, sold, and shared and prices set by the balance of supply and demand
enrich
verb
to improve the quality of something by adding something else
conformity
noun
behaviour that follows the usual standards that are expected by a group or society
gentrify
verb
to change a place from being a poor area to a richer one, by people of a higher social class moving to live there
evidence
noun
one or more reasons for believing that something is or is not true
determine
verb
to make a strong decision
campaign
noun
1) a planned group of especially political, business, or military activities that are intended to achieve a particular aim
2) a group of connected actions or movements that forms part of a war
argue
verb
to give the reasons for your opinion, idea, belief, etc.
opponent
noun
a person who disagrees with something and speaks against it or tries to change it
structure
verb
to plan, organize, or arrange the parts of something
movement
noun
1) a group of people with a particular set of aims
2) an occasion when something develops, changes, or happens in a particular way or direction
predictable
adjective
happening in a way or at a time that you know about before it happens
align
verb
to put two or more things into a straight line
professional
adjective
1) having the qualities that you connect with trained and skilled people, such as effectiveness, skill, organization, and seriousness of manner
2) relating to work that needs special training or education
convincing
adjective
able to make you believe that something is true or right
discursive
adjective
involving discussion
oppose
verb
to disagree with something or someone, often by speaking or fighting against it, him, or her
account (to sb) for sth
phrasal verb, verb
to explain the reason for something or the cause of something
research
noun
a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding
study
noun
the activity of examining a subject in detail in order to discover new information
ignorant
adjective
not having enough knowledge, understanding, or information about something
stance
noun
a way of thinking about something, especially expressed in a publicly stated opinion
supporter
noun
someone who supports a particular idea, group, or person
conversely
adverb
from a different and opposite way of looking at this
determine
verb
to control or influence something directly, or to decide what will happen
extent
noun
the degree to which something happens or is likely to happen
attitude
noun
a feeling or opinion about something or someone, or a way of behaving that is caused by this
convince
verb
to persuade someone or make someone certain
adopt
verb
to accept or start to use something new
relevance
noun
the degree to which something is related or useful to what is happening or being talked about
examine
verb
to look at or consider a person or thing carefully and in detail in order to discover something about them
account for sth
phrasal verb, verb
to form the total of something
trend
noun
a general development or change in a situation or in the way that people are behaving
overcome
verb
1) to defeat or succeed in controlling or dealing with something
2) to prevent someone from being able to act or think in the usual way
contribute
verb
to give something, especially money, in order to provide or achieve something together with other people
prominent
adjective
very well known and important
to reach one's potential
to achieve the standard that you are capable of.
cross-national
of or relating to two or more nations.
weather patterns
the day-to-day meteorological conditions, esp. temperature, cloudiness, and rainfall, affecting a specific place.
alternative fuels
are any materials or substances that can be used as fuels, other than conventional fuels
walkable
capable of being traveled, crossed, or covered by walking.
public space
a social space that is generally open and accessible to people.
mixed neighborhood
so many different classes of neighborhoods that surrounds our area by less than a mile.
social code
rules of social conduct and behavior
social mix
somewhat vague concept that is often better explained in more precise terms as income mix or housing tenure mix, which are in fact two measurable indicators that, when varied, may result in social mix
in-text reference
a writer or a book, article, etc. that is mentioned in a piece of writing, showing you where particular information was found
bibliography
a complete or selective list of works compiled upon some common principle, as authorship, subject, place of publication, or printer
numerical system
type of referencing, when a number appears in the text instead of the author and the date, and links to the full reference details in a footnote or a numbered reference list at the end of the text
author-date system
type of referencing, when the name of the author and the date of publication appear in the in-text reference
referencing conventions
In academic writing, we use agreed referencing (or citation) conventions to acknowledge the sources we have consulted in our reading and research
to constitute plagiarism
to be or be considered as plagiarism
main point
the most important or central thought of a paragraph or larger section of text, which tells the reader what the text is about
supporting point
the thought that supports the main point
key term
a word that serves as a key, as to the meaning of another word, a sentence, passage, or the like
Sense of community
a concept in community psychology, social psychology, and community social work, as well as in several other research disciplines, such as urban sociology, which focuses on the experience of community rather than its structure, formation, setting, or other features.
to set out an argument
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to stay in relation to smth
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recent studies show...
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to be ranked (sixth) in...
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these perspectives cannot fully explain...
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an uncommon approach to .... considers ...
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this perspective acknowledges ...
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the perspective analyzes...
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... perspective argues that ...
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approach focuses on
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...views have emerged
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numerous academic studies have used this framework to show...
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academic research taking this perspective examines...
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(advocates) frequently employ this framework...
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(critics) have claimed that...
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they have proposed...
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evaluation of the main points
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to give an overview
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Particularly I'm looking at...
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But really what we are concerned with today is...
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So today we are going to focus this lecture on...
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For the purposes of this lecture, I'm going to be concentrating on...
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I'm not going to look at... as a whole...
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I'm going to focus narrowly on...
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Sorry, can I just interrupt you there?
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If I could interrupt you for a second...
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I just wanted to say something about...
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Can I ask something?
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Exactly, I think that's a really important point...
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Well, I completely agree about...but...
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Yes, of course we need to consider ..., but ...
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to recap the main idea
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