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Terms in this set (31)
What is the exocrine component of the testes?
-production of spermatozoa
What is the endocrine component of the testes?
-leydig cells produce testosterone
-sertoli cells produce estrogen
What type of CT forms the tunica albuginea?
-dense irregular CT
What type of CT forms the mediastinum testis?
What is around the seminiferous tubule?
What are the supporting cells of the testes parenchyma?
What is the function of sertoli cells?
-physical and nutritional support
-secretion of estrogen, androgen binding protein, and activin and inhibin
Where is the location of spermatogenesis?
What create the blood-testes barrier?
What holds the sertoli cells together?
What is the name of the entire process of producing spermatozoa?
What are the three phases of spermatogenesis?
What happens during the mitotic phase of spermatogenesis?
-spermatogonia divide and give rise to spermatocytes
What happens during the meiosis stage of spermatogenesis?
-spermatocytes becomes haploid spermatid
Which cells in sperm cell division are stem cells that have round nucleus with condensed chromatins?
What is the largest cell of spermatogenesis, represents the beginning of meiosis, DNA is replicated so cells have 4n DNA?
What cell of spermatogenesis has 2n DNA and undergoes the second meiotic division?
What cell of spermatogenesis is heterochromatic and are haploid (1n DNA)?
What are formed during the metamorphosis stage of spermatogenesis?
What is spermiogenesis?
-spermatid --> spermatogonia
What is the term referring to the retention of one or both testicles in the abdominal cavity?
What cells are in the CT between seminiferous tubules and contain acidophilic foamy cytoplasm?
What are made up of simple squamous or cuboidal epithelium and connect seminiferous tubules to rete testis?
What is the name of the anastomotic tubules located in the mediastinum of the testis?
What connects the rete testes to the epidiymis and is composed of ciliated simple columnar epithelium?
What controls the release of leydig cells?
What is the coiled tube that stores sperm while it matures?
What kind of epithelium is in the ductus epididymis?
-pseudostratified columnar with stereocilia
What does the seminal fluid of the prostate gland contain?
What kind of epithelium is found in the urethra?
What are the two types of erectile tissue of the penis?
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