67 terms

APUSH Final Review

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House of Representatives
Only branch of gov't directly elected at first, because founders were afraid of too much democracy
Overproduction
Caused farm prices to drop
Increase the regulation of railroads
How farmers wanted the government to help them
Wounded Knee Massacre
Ended Native American resistance on the Plains
Complaints against the King and Unalienable Rights - Life, Liberty, and Pursuit of Happiness
Described in the Declaration of Independence
First Amendment Rights
Speech, Assembly,and Petition
Purpose of the Constitution
To form a more perfect Union
Convinced some members to ratify Constitution
Adding protections for the rights of the people
Senate ratification of Treaties, which he negotiates
Example of Checks and Balances
Forcing Natives on the reservations
Reason for strong resistance, especially from the Plains Indians
Chinese
Workers on the Transcontinental Railroad
Houses on the Plains
"Soddies" since soil had to be used because lumber was rare
Took place b/w 1860 and 1920
Urbanization (movement to cities)
Reasons people moved to cities
Economy and jobs because of industrialization
Why immigrants were first welcomed
Provided cheap labor for factories
"Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free."
What someone who supports unrestricted immigration might say
Where factory jobs were located
In Eastern and Northern cities
Economic opportunities
Why so many immigrants are attracted to America
How J.P. Morgan and Standard Oil Company gained wealth
By forming monopolies
Where steel manufacturing took place (think of the football team!)
In Northern cities
A major innovation in automobile
Use of refined oil lubricants in an engine
Made production much more efficient
Assembly line
Andrew Carnegie's vertical integration
When a company controlled all aspects of production
Why Prohibition failed
The law was too hard (and expensive) to enforce
16th Amendment
Gov't could collect an income tax
Muckrakers
Writers that revealed the ugly side of corporations and gov't
The Jungle
Encouraged the creation of the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act
Supported by Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois
Equal civil rights for African Americans
Teddy Roosevelt's Party
Bull Moose Party
Populist Party
Represented the farmers
Anti-Trust Laws
Goal was to encourage more competition by breaking up monopolies
Progressive laws
Goal was to protect Americans from greedy businesses and corrupt politicians
Another Anti-Trust Law that was stronger than the Sherman Act
Clayton
Wyoming
First state to allow women the right to vote
Zimmerman Telegram
When Germany tried to get Mexico to join the war against the U.S.
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
One of the reasons the U.S. joined WWI
Panama Canal
Made travel from Atlantic to Pacific way easier
U.S. involvement before officially joining the war
Supplied war materials to the Allies
Roosevelt's Great White Fleet
How the U.S. showed off its military power
Sinking of the USS Maine
Started the Spanish-American War
Guam, Philippines, and Puerto Rico
Territories won in the Spanish-American War
Open Door Policy
When China opened up its ports to all countries for trade
Tanks
New technology in WWI
Imperialism
When a country takes over another country
Battle of Argonne Forest
Turning point in WWI
Importance of Hawaii
Strategic location and source of sugar cane
Treaty of Versailles
Ended WWI, called for Austria-Hungary to separate, created League of Nations, the U.S. never ratified treaty
Chinese Exclusion Act
Stopped the immigration of undesirable immigrants
Isolationism
Change to American policy because Americans were unhappy about outcomes of WWI
Freedom of Speech
Restricted during WWI
Great Migration
Movement of African Americans north during WWI for jobs
Economic effect of WWI
Drop in unemployment because of production of wartime supplies
Nothing to fear but fear itself
Meant to encourage confidence to overcome challenges
21st Amendment
Ended prohibition - legalized alcohol again
Scopes Monkey Trial
Represented conflict b/w religion and science. Lawyers were Clarence Darrow and William Jennings Bryan
Role of government during the Great Depression
Grew as more money went to provide relief to Americans
Eugenics
Movement to encourage "good" genetics are passed on to offspring
Stock Market Crash
1929 - Marked beginning of the Great Depression
High Unemployment
Outcome of Great Depression
Social Security
Provides pensions to the elderly and retired
Teapot Dome Scandal
Event during the Harding Administration which granted leases to federal lands illegally
Roaring Twenties
Occurred b/w WWI and Great Depression - identified by its jazz music, ignoring of prohibition, Harlem Renaissance, and gangsters
Nativist's belief
Immigrants were a danger to America
Charles Lindbergh
First man to fly solo across the Atlantic
Mexicans (and other immigrants)
Repatriated (sent back) to their home country during the Great Depression
Flapper
Symbol of independent womanhood
FDIC
Insures bank deposits to prevent rushes to withdraw money from banks
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