Contemporary Social Problems FINAL David Evans MSU
Terms in this set (62)
what state passed the "support our law enforcement and safe neighborhoods act" of 2010?
arizona. this was one of the toughest illegal immigration bills in the country. federal law requires that legal immigrants carry registration papers with them at
all times, made failure to carry papers a state crime, requires police to verify the legal status of a person during traffic stops, detentions, or arrests, and criminalizes anyone carrying illegal immigrants.
what are some predictors of anti-LGBT bias?
what do a majority of women's work involve? what kind of work?
these jobs are teacher, nurse, secretary jobs. women do not hold CEO positions, government jobs, etc. "man"
what is the DREAM act?
development, relief, and education for alien minors act. introduced in congress in 2009, would provide a path to legal status for undocumented immigrants who were brought to the united states as children, would permit certain immigrant student who have grown up in the US to apply for temporary legal stats and eventually obtain permanent status and become eligible for US citizenship if they go to college or serve in the military
what is color blind racism?
form of racism that is based on the idea that overcoming racism means ignoring race, but color blindness is, in itself, a form of racism because it prevents acknowledgement of privilege and disadvantage associated with race, and therefore allows the continuation of institutional forms of racial bias
what are modern racists?
subtle form of racism that involves the belief that serious discrimination in the US no longer exists, that any continuing racial inequality is the fault of minority group members, and that the demands for affirmative action for minorities are unfair and unjustified
what is lawrence v. texas?
June 2003, a Supreme Court decision invalidated state laws that criminalize sodomy - oral and anal sexual acts, overruled 1986 Supreme Court case Bowers v. Hardwick which upheld Georgia sodomy law as constitutional
what is the motherhood penalty?
tendency for women with children, particularity young children, to be disadvantaged in hiring, wages, and the like compared to women without children. history of women's rights - in 1920 the 19th amendment was passed
give a brief history of womens rights
what are honor killings?
murders, often public, as a result of a female dishonoring, or being perceived to have dishonored her family or community
what is the time availability approach?
consistent with the structural functionalist perspective, this position claims that role performance is a function of who has the time to accomplish certain tasks, because women are more likely to be at home, they are more likely to perform domestic chores
what is the defense of marriage act?
federal legislation that states that marriage is a legal union between one man and one woman and denies federal recognition of same sex marriage
what is the purpose of the one drop of blood rule?
specified that even one drop of negro blood defined a person as black and therefore eligible for slavery, still operative today with biracial couples still seen as a member of the person with the lowest status
what is the definition of structural sexism?
the ways in which the organization of society, specifically its institutions, subordinate individuals and groups based on their sex classification
what is the definition of cultural sexism?
the ways in which the culture of society perpetuates the subordination of an individual or group based on the sex classification of that individual or group
who are the republicans least likely to vote for with respect to gender and child arrangements?
the male figure
what are pink collar jobs?
jobs that offer few benefits, often have low prestige, and are disproportionately held by women
what is acculturation?
process of adopting the culture of a group different from the one in which a person was originally raised
what is boy code?
set of societal expectations that discourages males from expressing emotion, weakness, or vulnerability or asking for help
what are some media and gender portrayals?
pink & blue, dolls & trucks, dresses & ties, etc...
what was bowers v. hardwick?
1986 Supreme Court case which upheld a Georgia sodomy law as constitutional
what is title ix?
comprehensive federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity
what is affirmative action?
broad range of policies and practices in the workplace and
educational institutions to promote equal opportunity as well as diversity
what is the mankind project? what are the core values of this project?
men's community for the 21st century, nonprofit training and
education organization with three decades of proven success hosting life-changing experiential personal development programs for men, global network of free peer- facilitated men's groups and supports men in leading lives of integrity, authenticity and service. core values of project - emotionally mature, powerful, compassionated, purpose driven, care deeply about men, families, communities, and the planet.
what are the findings of the household division of labor study?
what is the don't ask, don't tell policy?
signed bill by bill clinton. more than 13,000 servicemen and women have been discharged from the military on the basis of their sexual orientation, prohibits recruiters from asking enlistees orientation and enlistees could not reveal orientation
what are de facto citizens?
citizens that we in fact either citizens or not
what is internalized homophobia?
internalization of negative messages about homosexuality by lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals as a result of direct or indirect social rejection and
belief that innate psychological, behavioral, and/ or intellectual differences exist between women and men and that these differences connote the superiority of one group
and the interiority of other
1st major christian denomination endorsing same sex marriage?
what is the social construction of race?
"race is one of the most misunderstood, misused, and often
dangerous concepts of the modern world", race has been used to describe people of a
particular nationally, religion, skin color, and even the entire human species
what is race as a biological, scientific concept?
Biological - race refers to a classification of people based on hereditary physical
characteristics such as skin colors, hair texture, and the size and shapes of the
eyes, lips and nose.
Scientific - no blood test or genetic test that reveals a person's race, no clear
guidelines for distinguish racial categories on the basis of visible traits
what is reparative/conversion therapy?
many programs view homosexuality as inherently
immoral and/ or pathological and allegedly achieve conversion to heterosexuality through embracing evangelical Christianity and being born again, some treatments have gone ot such unethical extreme as shaming and physical punishments, some adolescents are kidnapped by their parents and sent to conversion camps or group home
what are the genetic findings on race?
everyone's DNA in 99.9% similar, that 0.1% is what gives us our "differences"
what are some general trends and patterns surrounding same-sex behavior around the world?
the world is moving towards a more progressive era and accepting more ways to love someone/ more genders or non-genders
women suffer more from what types of health consequences?
women typically live longer life spans than men due to men working more dangerous jobs; women are more likely to have a mental health issue. women suffer more from what types of health consequences? more likely to suffer from respiratory problems due to indoor air pollution
§ domestic and sexual exploitation, increasing physical injury and inquiring
HIVs and STDs
what percentage of LGBT employees come out to all of their coworkers?
describe different types of sexual orientations and gender
o Heterosexuality- predominance of emotional, cognitive, and sexual attraction to individuals of the other sex
o Homosexuality- predominance of emotional, cognitive, and sexual attraction to individuals of the same sex
o Bisexuality- emotional, cognitive, and sexual attraction to members of both sexes o Lesbian- woman who is attracted to same sex partners
o Gay- term that can refer to either women or men who are attracted to same- sex
o Gender non- conforming- often used synonymously with transgender, gender non-
conforming refers to displays of gender that are inconsistent with society's
o LGBT, LGBTQ, LGBTQI- terms used to refer collectively to lesbian, gay,
bisexual, questioning, intersexed
how has religious groups responded to transgendered individuals?
what is the conflict perspective on race and ethnic relations?
who are the haves and have nots in the conflict perspective on race and ethnic relations?
lesbian, gay, bi, trans
what is the class ceiling?
an invisible barrier that prevents women and other minorities from
moving into top corporate positions
what are naturalized citizens?
immigrants who apply for and meet the requirements for US
explain the beijing conference on women
delegates had prepared a Declaration and Platform
aimed at achieving greater equality and opportunity for women, the Holy See publicly disagreed with positions outlined by the United States and other nations concerning abortion, reproductive rights, and other sensitive issues
what were some major concerns for women in the beijing conference on women?
§ education and training § health care
§ human rights concern § stereotyping
§ children abuse
give detail on matthew shepard and james byrd jr. and the hate crimes prevention act
law that expands
the original 1969 federal hate crime law to cover hate crimes based on actual or perceived
sexual orientation, gender, gender identity
what is the glass escalator?
tendency for men seeking or working in traditionally female
occupations to benefit from their minority status
what are second generation immigrants?
refers to the children of first generation immigrants
(refers to other people who were born in one country and relocated to another at a young
age, or to their children born in the country they have relocated to)
explain roe v. wade
Supreme Court decision in 1973 which made abortion legal, the since then
the right of a woman to obtain an abortion has steadily been limited and narrowed by
subsequent legislative acts and judicial decisions
what percent of women make up the global work force?
what are the structural functionalist views on homosexuality?
homosexual relations, as well as
heterosexual non-martial relations are "deviant" because they don't fulfill the main function of the family institution (producing and rearing children)
what functions of homosexuality benefit society?
arguments are less salient in a society where 1. Other institutions, most
notably school, have supplemented the traditional functions of the family 2. Reducing rather than increasing population is a societal goal 3. Same sex couple can and do raise children
what types of families are the poorest of all families in the united states? (race & family structure)
o Race- American Indians and Alaskan Natives or Black and African Americans
o family structure- families with a female householder, no husband present
1st wave of feminism: when did american feminism begin?
1848 in Seneca Falls NY when a group of women wrote and
adopted a women's right manifesto modeled after the Declaration
2nd wave of feminism: what factors lead to the rebirth of feminism?
2nd wave of feminism- ERA: equal rights amendment- proposed 28th amendment
to the Constitution, which states that "equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States, or by any state, on account of sex."
§ factors that led to the rebirth
• increase in the number of women in the labor force
• publication of Betty Friedan's book "The Feminine Mystique"
• escalating divorce rate
• socially and politically liberal climate of the 1960s student
• Commission on the Status of Women JFK
what is the contact hypothesis and tolerance towards homosexuals?
Contact- under appropriate conditions interpersonal contact is one of the most
effective ways to reduce prejudice between majority and minority groups
what is transgender?
what is loving v. virginia?
1967 Supreme Court declared these law unconstitutional
o Until 1967 16 states had antimiscegenation laws banning interracial marriage of whites and nonwhites
what does intersexed mean?
general term used for a variety of conditions in which a person is born with a reproductive or sexual anatomy that doesn't seem to fit the typical definitions of female or male
describe the structural functionalist views on gender such as traditional gender roles and pre-industrial v. industrial gender roles
view of gender inequality applies the division of labor to view predefined gender roles as complimentary, women take care of the home and men provide for the family
o traditional gender roles- the women stay at home while the men work for the money and family
o pre-industrial- women did not work and were stay at home moms
o industrial societies- women started to work as the demand went up, especially
during WWII women gained a taste of the workforce
what are some arguments for and against same sex marriage?
growing legal recognition of same sex relationships provides
evidence of the changing state of homosexuality throughout the world, yet it remains a complicated issue that has divided jurisdiction in many countries, some countries recognize same sex registered partnerships or civil unions, which are federally recognized relationships that convey most but not all the rights of marriage, 14 countries have legalized gay marriage
o arguments for- love is love; it is unconstitutional to ban this
o against same sex marriage- not reproductive literally, is not good for children?