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FDNS Final Exam (past tests)
Terms in this set (121)
True or False: Nutrition is the study of how food nourishes the body.
True or False: The main storage form of glucose in plants is glycogen.
True or False: In Type 1 Diabetes, the pancreas produces insulin, but cells are resistant to the signal.
True or False: The RDA covers 67% of the populations nutrient needs.
True or False: The daily values on a food label are the daily goals of a person consuming 2000 calories/day.
True or False: The same monosaccharides are found in high fructose corn syrup and sucrose.
True or False: Bile is produced in the gallbladder.
True or False: Fiber contains 4 calories/gram.
True or False: Glycogen is an example of a simple carbohydrate.
True or False: The majority of nutrients are absorbed in the small intestine.
True or False: Vitamins are sensitive to degradation.
True or False: People who suffer from Celiac disease need to avoid wheat products.
True or False: The stomach is lined with bicarbonate which protects it from being digested by gastric acid.
True or False: Glycogen is found in muscles.
True or False: Foods with high glycemic index cause a rapid and sharp increase in blood glucose.
True or False: Insulin is produced in the liver.
True or False: Linolenic acid is an omega-3 fatty acid.
True or False: The DRI for energy needs uses the EAR for its estimate.
True or False: Refined grains contain the bran, germ, and endosperm.
True or False: Food frequency questionnaires are a tool used in nutrition assessments.
True or False: Unsaturated fatty acids contain one or more double bonds.
True or False: A diet high in insoluble fiber helps lower blood cholesterol by trapping and excreting bile.
True or False: People with pre-diabetes can make lifestyle changes to reduce their risk of developing diabetes.
True or False: After prolonged fasting (over 10 days) the body uses glycogen for energy through ketosis.
True or False: Lactose intolerance occurs when you do not produce sufficient amounts of the enzyme lactase.
All of the following are characteristic of _____________:
-Help repair body parts
-Serve as building material
Energy yielding nutrients include ______________, fats, and ____________.
_________________ nutrients include carbohydrates, fats, and protein.
glucose and galactose
What two monosaccharides compose lactose?
______________ is a comparison of energy (kcal's) content to the weight of a food.
On a food label, ingredients are listed in ___________ order by __________.
monosaccharides, fatty acids and glycerol
The end products of digestion for carbohydrates are _______________, and for fats are _____________ and ___________.
liquid, two or more
The consumption of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) has been associated with reduced risk for heart disease. PUFAs are ____________ when refrigerated, and contain __________ double bond(s).
Starch is made up of long chains of __________.
neutralize the acid
The function of the bicarbonate in pancreatic juices is to _________________ chyme coming into the intestine.
What is the correct recommendation (AMDR) for carbohydrate intakes (as a percent of calories)?
What is the correct recommendation (AMDR) for fat intakes (as a percent of calories)?
What is the correct recommendation (AMDR) for protein intakes (as a percent of calories)?
Assessment of your ______________ can be done by the following techniques:
-skin fold test
All of the following are characteristic of ___________:
-typically structural components
-consumed in varying quantities
Which is a plant product that contains a large proportion of saturated fat?
The hormone _______ lowers blood sugar while the hormone ________ raises blood sugar.
"Essential" nutrients must be obtained from the __________.
Which of the following are finger-like projections in the small intestine to increase surface area for absorption?
fruits and vegetables
The new MyPlate was designed to prompt consumers to think about building a healthy plate at meal times. Which message can be correctly taken from the new design?
-Make half your plate _________ and __________.
Arnold weighs 220 lbs (100kg) and is a vegetarian. His protein RDA is _____ g/day.
childhood and pregnancy
___________ and __________ are examples of positive nitrogen balance.
muscle loss and bone loss
The adoption of new dietary and exercise patterns by Dr. Flatt, in addition to leading to a maintained healthy weight, has reduced which of the following:
_________ and _________.
Factors that might contribute to another's ____________ are:
-making fun of another person's eating habits or food choices
-complimenting someone when they lose weight or diet
-portraying unrealistic body types in the media
All of the following are _______:
All of the following are sources of ________ protein:
You are studying abroad in Ghana with the FDN program. While visiting the children's hospital in Accra, you are shown a 2 yr old child with a distended abdomen, skin lesions, and edema. His mother is carrying a 3-mo baby who appears healthy. What would you suspect the 2 yr old has?
A healthy/ normal BMI is _____-_____.
Any disease that produces _______ malabsorption can bring about deficiencies of vitamins A, D, E, and K.
Smokers should consume an additional 35 mg of this vitamin daily.
Woman capable of becoming pregnant should consume 400 ug daily of this vitamin from supplements.
People over 51y should get this vitamin from supplements or fortified foods.
All newborn babies should get an intramuscular injection of this vitamin.
All of the following is true of ________ people:
-BMI < 18.5
-at increased risk when fighting wasting disease
-should gain body fat as an energy reserve
-increased risk of dying
All of the following would benefit from taking __________:
-women in childbearing years
-people with a nutrient deficiency
All of the following are nutrients a vegan should take extra care to make sure is provided by their diet:
A deficiency of this nutrient is the most common nutrient deficiency in the US and worldwide. A good source is meat, especially red meat.
This vitamin deficiency is associated with night blindness
This vitamin deficiency is associated with neural tube defects
This vitamin deficiency is associated with scurvy.
This vitamin deficiency is associated with beriberi.
This vitamin deficiency is associated with pellagra.
Electrolytes create _____________ which is caused by water following electrolytes within or between cells.
dna, mrna, protein
The correct progression for protein synthesis is ____--> ____-->______.
This mineral is the most abundant mineral in the body.
This mineral has stunted growth and dermatitis as symptoms of deficiency
This mineral is a major source in table salt.
True or False: Men do not suffer from the same eating disorders as women.
True or False: There are few concentrated sources of vitamin D in the diet.
True or False: Most protein digestion happens in the small intestine.
True or False: The limiting amino acid in legumes is methionine.
True or False: Dr. Flatt's weight loss regimen included exercising to Jane fonda's exercise videos.
True or False: There are 11 essential amino acids.
True or False: For the average American, energy expenditure from physical activity results in the greatest percentage of total calories expended each day.
True or False: leptin is a hormone that reduces hunger, and ghrelin is a hormone that stimulates hunger.
True or False: Both iron and b-vitamin deficiencies can lead to anemia.
True or False: High levels of vitamin E is known to be teratogenic (causes fetal malformation) in high doses during pregnancy.
True or False: Potassium is the major cation outside the cell.
True or False: In the movie we watched in class, The Weight of the Nation, several people interviewed reported losing weight after following different fad diets such as the Grapefruit Diet.
True or False: Bacteria found in the gastrointestinal tract are a good source of vitamin K.
True or False: Beta-carotene is one of the B-vitamins.
True or False: Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause irreversible nerve damage.
True or False: If you are stressed because of this exam and skipped breakfast, that was due to an effect on your appetite, not on your hunger signals.
True or False: One way to modify your basal metabolic rate (BMR) is by changing your body composition.
True or False: Most americans meet their RDA for sodium
True or False: The recreational drug, ecstasy, has been linked to deaths due to dehydration.
True or False: Water-soluble vitamins must be consumed more frequently that fat-soluble vitamins
2. In the movie shown in class, The Weight of the Nation, one of the women shown was part of a NIH study looking to examine the metabolic effects of a 5% _________ in an overweight person.
3. One scene of the movie shown in class, The Weight of the Nation, when describing atherosclerosis, several autopsied hearts and aortas were shown. When comparing the aorta of a healthy 26 year old with the aorta of an obese 70 year old, which of the following terms was used to describe the unhealthy aorta?
The number one cause of death in the US is ____________.
cancer and stroke
What are the other two leading causes of death (#2 and #3) in the U.S.?
All of the following can be used as a marker for ___________:
-fasting blood glucose
All of the following are characteristics of an _________ food product:
-grown without chemical fertilizers
-grown without synthetic pesticides or herbs
-grown using sustainable agricultural practices
-not been irradiated
what is the primary energy source for your muscles during intense exercise?
Areas with lack of access to food stores, either due to lack of availability or lack of accessibility are called _________
_____________ refers to food intake that is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements, while _____________ refers to overall imbalances in nutrients.
Which of the following is the limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods or limited or uncertain ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways?
In terms of food safety, what temperature range is considered the "danger zone?"
During the UGA food service lecture, Ms. Katherine Ingerson, RD provided examples of how little changes in your food choices could contribute to your weight and health. If a person drank one 12oz soda every day, but decided to drink water, Crystal light, diet soda or plain herbal tea instead and changed nothing else in their diet, how much weight would they lose after 1 year?
__________ diseases tend to be the leading causes of death in developing countries, while ________ diseases tend to be the leading causes of death in developed countries.
True or False: In the movie we watched in class, The Weight of the Nation, liver histology showed reduced fat in the liver after bariatric surgery.
True or False: Cattle that are fed in feedlots are given grass because it is a commodity and helps to fatten them up and increase energy density in order to sell them quicker.
True or False: Anaerobic energy metabolism occurs when oxygen is not available.
True or False: Checking your urine color is a good way to monitor your hydration status.
True or False: A side effect of one of the dirty dozen risky dietary supplements is that it can turn your skin blue permanently.
True or False: Processed foods are commercially prepared for ease of consumption and typically include less fat, but high sodium and sugar
True or False: Normal body weight does not necessarily mean you;re healthy.
True or False: The majority of the world's undernourished people live in developed countries
True or false: organic foods have not been shown to reduce exposure to pesticides and antibiotic resistant bacteria
True or False: Worldwide, there are more overnourished than undernourished people.
True or False: Unintended consequences to genetically modified foods are not predictable.
True or False: UGA has a food pantry on campus to provide assistance to food insecure members of the UGA community.
True or false: An insignificant percentage of cancers can be prevented by adhering to healthy diets.
True or False: Athletes can consume a diet high in saturated fats and sodium because high levels of physical activity allow them to burn off all the bad calories.
True or False: Genetically modified foods must be clearly labeled as such in the U.S.
True or False: Dental caries is Not an example of a chronic disease.
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