21 terms

Theology Morality Test

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

morality
knowledge based on human experience, reason, and God's revelation that discovers what we ought to be and what we ought to do to live fully human lives
virtue
"Firm attitudes, stable dispositions, habitual perfections of intellect and will that govern our actions, order our passions, and guide our conduct according to reason and faith"
prudence
the moral virtue that inclines us to lead good, ethical, and moral lives of action; "right reason in action," as St. Thomas Aquinas put it
character
is at the very heart of our self-chosen moral identity, is how we respond to the divine invitation to love God, self, and neighbor
moral object
the moral content of an action that suggests whether the action is directed toward the true good
intention
the aim or objective of a course of action
circumstances
the conditions or facts attending an event and having some bearing on it; these can increase or decrease the moral goodness or evil of an action
S - search out the facts
T - think about the alternatives and consequences
O - others, consult them and consider how your actions will affect them
P - pray to the Lord for guidance
S - ?
T - ?
O - ?
P - ?
free will
"The power, rooted in reason and will (that enables a person), to perform deliberate action on one's own responsibility."
determinism
the philosophy that holds that every event, action, and decision results from something independent of the human will
imputable
ascribed, attributed, or definitely linked to a specific accountable person or entity
Eternal Law
law that has its source in God
Natural Law
is the light of understanding God has placed in us
Civil Law
is a particular application of the natural law for members of a given society
Church Law
the precepts of the Church are set in context or a moral life bound to and nourished by the liturgical life (civil law ---> natural law, ______ law ---> divine law)
Revealed Law
made up of the old law and the Law of the Gospel.
Conscience
awareness of the moral or ethical aspect of one's conduct together with the urge to prefer right over wrong
Through the experiences we have and the choices we make to form and inform them
How is a conscience formed?
We cannot do or say anything we want because of law from government.
What are some limits to freedom imposed on us?
License, or undisciplined freedom that abuses true liberty and takes away freedom from others.
What are some limits to freedom we cause?
Some major impediments to freedom are ignorance, inadvertance, duress, inordinate attachments, fear, and habit.
What are some major impediments to freedom?
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
STUDY GUIDE