34 terms

History things for tests

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Pueblos
means "town
Mound Builders
Indians who built these earthen mounds are called the
effigy mound
a mound in the shape of an animal or object
Iroquois Confederacy
Six tribes who spoke the common language of Iroquois formed a league in the early fifteenth century known as the
Five Civilized Tribes
Cherokees, Chickasaws, Choctaws, Creeks, and Seminoles formed what European settlers called the
Mayas
lived in what is today a portion of Cen- tral America that includes Guatemala and the Yucatán Peninsula. Unlike the Aztecs and Incas,
Aztecs
Around 1345 the built they cap
Tenochtitlán
Aztecs built their capital
Quetzalcoatl
Aztecs believed that one of their gods once lived on the earth and brought prosperity to the people
Incas
developed their civilization very early and built upon earlier cultures
Cuzco
capital of the Incan empire was
Prester John
Explorers sailed in search of a mythical king
caravel
Advances in shipbuilding resulted in the
trade winds
belts of consistent winds that blow from east to west
compass
The sailor's most useful instrument was the
astrolabe
Sail- ors used it to measure the angle between the sun or a star and the horizon at a specific time of day or night
dead reckoning
Most early seamen navigated by
Prince Henry
of Portugal sent out sailors and ships to explore the coast of Africa in the fifteenth century
Bartolomeu Dias
In 1487 the Portuguese explorer
Cape of Good Hope
the first Portuguese ship landed in India. After rounding the
Vasco da Gama
his crew sailed up the east coast of Africa
Francis Xavier
arrived in Japan and sought to convert the people to Roman Catholicism
Christopher Columbus
Sail ocean in 1492
King Ferdinand
King of Spain
Queen Isabella
Queen of spain
Ferdinand Magellan
In 1519 ___________ sailed west from Spain in an effort to sail around the world
Sir Francis Drake
sent from England to sail around the world in 1577
conquistadors
Spain sent out several men to find this gold, conquer the people, and convert them to Roman Ca- tholicism. Called
Hernando Cortés
the region of modern Mexico, the conquistador
Montezuma
greeted Cortés and gladly showed him samples of the Aztec's great wealth
Francisco Pizarro
proved to be even more brutal than Cortés.
Atahualpa
When they reached the Inca Empire, they took the Inca
Battle of Lepanto
Phillip II of Spain, defeated the Ottoman naval fleet at the
Bartolomé de Las Casas
came to the Americas to serve as a missionary to the Indians